MOD B UIT 2 VOCAB

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Author:
jmejamison
ID:
74479
Filename:
MOD B UIT 2 VOCAB
Updated:
2011-03-22 17:23:29
Tags:
INFECTION CONTROL ASEPSIS
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Description:
INFECTION CONTROL AND ASEPSIS
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  1. Microorganisms that do not require oxygen to grow?
    Anaerobes
  2. Rod shaped bacteria that occur singly, in pairs, and chains. They form hard walled capsules and are difficult to kill?
    Bacilli
  3. Single-cell microorganisms that multiply rapidly, they are classified according to shape and arrangement?
    Bacteria
  4. Destruction or inhibition of the activity of pathogens but has not spores. Scrubbing and soaking in chemical agents destroys pathogens but has no effect on spores.
    Disinfection
  5. Infectious organism that needs a host to live or survive, cannot live outside the body? Smaller than bacteria.
    Parasites
  6. Disease-producing microorganisms that cause infection on weakend immune systems?
    Pathogens
  7. Hazard communication standard that allows each employee to know of potential exposure?
    "Right to Know" law
  8. Process that reduces the number of microorganisms on an item and is the lowest level of infection control?
    Sanitization
  9. Bacteria with a hard wall capsule that is resistant to heat?
    Spores
  10. Type of bacteria that appear in clusters?
    Staphylococci
  11. Process that destroys all microorganisms including spores, occurs by using heat, steam under pressure, gas, UV light, or chemicals?
    Sterilization
  12. Chemical indicator embedded within the center of a wrapped, dense pack that shows conditions for sterilization within the pack?
    Sterilization strip
  13. Type of bacteria that appear in chains?
    Streptococci
  14. Person, insect, or animal that can be infected easily by a particular microorganism?
    Susceptible host
  15. Smallest of all microorganisms, visible only under electron microscopy?
    Virus
  16. Who issued the guidelines for Standard Precautions?
    Centers of Disease control and prevention (CDC)
  17. Who mandates and enforces the use of Standard Precautions?
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
  18. What are non-pathogens that occur naturally on the skin and fight off infection when they remain in their normal location?
    Normal flora
  19. Gloves reduce hand contamination by what average?
    75%
  20. What is the primary method used to sterilize instruments in the medical office
    Autoclave
  21. What are the 3 primary conditions that must be met for steam sterilization to occur?
    • Pressure of 15 pounds
    • Temperature of 250-270 F
    • Appropriate time period depending on size of pack or instrument
  22. What is the only true indication that an item is sterile?
    Biological indicators
  23. T or F
    Sanitization occurs by using heat, steam under pressure, gas, UV light, and chemicals?
    False - Sterilization.
  24. What is the way microorganisms are transmitted to other hosts?
    Direct or indirect methods of transmission
  25. What is the length of time that a paper or muslin wrapped autoclaved item can be stored?
    30 days

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