Arch history exam 3

Card Set Information

Arch history exam 3
2011-03-22 17:50:50
arch history

arch history exam 3
Show Answers:

    • Karlskirche
    • Vienna, Austria
    • 1716-25
    • Johann Berhard Fischer Von Erlach

    • Building is a composition
    • Interior: elongated oval nave, cieling with illusionistic frescos depicting St. Charles Borromeo appealing to virgin mary rather than coffering or ribs
    • Facade: dominated by dome on a drum, flanked by two columns
    • Composition of roman splendor, gothic verticalism, boroque persuasive power
    • Elements incorporated: columned portico (Roman), Trojan column, dome and drum (Papal Rome), minerets of Hagia Saphia
    • Representation of synthesis of forms, qualities, and symbolism, as well as the chimerical character of architecture
    • Chiswick House
    • London
    • 1725-29
    • Lord Burlington or Richard Boyle

    • COncieved after Villa Rotunda
    • One portico instead of 4
    • octagonal drum and dome
    • obelisks at edge of roof contain chimney flues
    • four different elevations
    • exterior staircases are different
    • interior spaces follow palladian organization but more variation of spaces
    • neo-classical order decoration
    • house is less formal and more useable than rotunda
    • Used as library and centertainment center for guests
    • Forced encountering with landscape and building
    • idea of commodite employed
    • St. genevieve (Pantheon)
    • Paris
    • 1757-90
    • Jacques Soufflot

    • First dedicated to to patron saint of Paris
    • Became Hall of Fame burial
    • Greek Portico, windowless base reflective of egypt, drum and dome of st. peters
    • central plan, lengthened at choir and portico
    • openwork structure (freestanding columns, concealed flying buttrusses)
    • gained effect of spaciousness
    • placed columnar building inside bearing-wall building
    • skelatal system had to be modified
    • Pantheon>St. Peters> St. Pauls > Patheon> Us. Captiol
    • slender columns and lots of light symbolic of enlightenment
    • Altes Museum
    • Berlin
    • 1823-28
    • Karl Friedrich Schinkel

    • First public art museum in Europe
    • Set opposite the existing palace and aresenal to the south wich created a great civic court with a wall of trees along east side
    • Facade is giant ionic colonade raised on high base and stretching full width
    • ortahgonal simplicity creates sense of urban diginity and prepares visitor for clever rigor of plan behind
    • central rotunda flanked by open courts that surronded by felxible gallery spaces
    • Cenotaph to NEwton
    • 1784
    • Boullee

    • Never built for structural reasons
    • sphere designed to be 500 ft across
    • top half preforated with holes to represent heavens and stars
    • sphere suspended inside to represent sun
    • Crystal Palace
    • London
    • 1851
    • Paxton

    • Built for half original budget
    • Built for first modern World's Fair
    • iron and glass section repeated made large sheets and walls, and made easy construction
    • 3800 tons of cast iron, 700 wrought iron, 900k sq ft glass, 600k cubic ft of wood
    • largest standing building hen completed
    • reduction of new materials
    • materials previously only used for railway stations and bridges
    • resurrected in Sydeham after exhibition
    • Biblioteque Nationale
    • Paris
    • 1858-68
    • Labrouste

    • Masonry on neo-classical exterior, iron interior
    • Reading room:9 domes, 35 ft diameter, rest on 16 slender columns
    • clerestories and oculus in each dome
    • light membrane, tent-like without traditional mass of stone
    • Red House
    • Bexleyheath, England
    • 1859-60
    • Webb

    • Complete abscense of formality found in most prominent houses of the time
    • meadering form
    • development of comfortable modern house through use of commodite
    • red brick used instead of limestone
    • harkens back to medieval domestic vernacular
    • Marshall FieldWholesale Store
    • Chicago
    • 1885-87
    • Richardson

    • Disregarded ornamentatio and isotrical trappings
    • unadorned rusticated masonry and great arched openings convey a sense of power and monumentality
    • past references may have included Toman aqueduct at Segovia Spain
    • articulated stone bearing walls hide internal and unexpresses structural iron skelaton
  1. Modern definition of history
    • enitrely modern invention of late 18th century
    • considered an optimistic and revolutionary dealing/understanding or the worl
    • all modern sensitivity and sensibility is entirely historical
  2. Historicism
    claims there is an organic succession of developments and that local conditions and peculiarities influence the results in a decisive way
  3. subdivisions of historicism
    • Neo-Classicism
    • Neo-Palladianism
    • Ecole des Beaux-Arts
    • Picturesque
    • Gothic Revival
    • Neo-Romanesque
    • Neo-Renaissance
    • Neo-Barouqe
    • All are made possible by strong historical consciousness
  4. Hiostoricism vs Eclecticism
    • Historicism is a method of how to comprehend the world as well as a method of design
    • Eclecticism is the play with styles, a jumble of style
  5. Zeitgeist
    • "Spirit of the Age"
    • concrete embodiment of the most important factors that are acting in human history at any given time, contrasts with the theological theories of activity as well as tabula rasa