classic labs

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Author:
rachelg
ID:
74548
Filename:
classic labs
Updated:
2011-03-22 18:18:44
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first aid classic labs findings
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Description:
first aid 10th edition classic findings
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  1. anticentromere antibodies
    scleroderma (CREST)
  2. antidesmoglein (epithelial antibodies)
    pemphigus vulgaris (blistering)
  3. anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies
    Goodpasture's syndrome (glomerulonephritis and lung hemorrhage)
  4. antihistone antibodies
    drug induced SLE
  5. anti-IgG antibodies
    rheumatoid arthritis (systemic inflammation, joint pannus, boutonniere deformity)
  6. antimitochondiral antibodies AMA
    primary biliary cirrhosis (female, cholestasis, portal hypertension)
  7. antineutrophil antibodies (ANCA)
    vasculitis (wegener's, micorscopic polyangitis, glomerulonephritis)
  8. antinuclear antibodies ANAs; anti-smith and anti-ds-DNA
    SLE type III hypersensitivity
  9. antiplatelet antibodies
    idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) bleeding diathesis
  10. anti-topoisomerase antibodies
    diffuse systemic scleroderma
  11. anti-transglutaminase/antigliadin antibodies
    celiac disease (diarrhea, distention, weight loss)
  12. azurophilic granular needles in leukemic blasts
    auer rods (aml: especially APL)
  13. bamboo spine on x-ray
    ankylosing spondylitis (chronic inflammatory arthritis: HLA-B27)
  14. basophilic nuclear remnants in RBCs
    howell-jolly bodies (due to splenectomy or nonfunctional spleen)
  15. basophilic stippling of RBCs
    lead poisoning or sideroblastic anemia
  16. bloody tap on LP
    subarachnoid hemorrhage (this is the worst headache of my life)
  17. boot shaped heart on X-ray
    tetralogy of fallot, RVH
  18. branching gram-positive rods with sulfur granules
    actinomyces israelii
  19. bronchogenic apical lung tumor
    pancoast's tumor (can compress the sympathetic ganglion and cause horner's syndrome)
  20. "brown" tumor of bone
    • hemorrhage (hemosiderin) causes brown color of osteolytic cysts, due to:
    • 1. hyperparathyroididism
    • 2. osteitis fibrosa cystica (von recklinghausen's disease of bone)
  21. cadiomegaly with apical atrophy
    chagas' disease (trypanosoma cruzi)
  22. cellular crescents in bowman's capsule
    rapidly progressive crescentic glomerular nephritis
  23. chocolate cyst of ovary
    endometriosis (frequently involves both ovaries) way to ruin chocolate for me right now.
  24. circular grouping of dark tumor cells surrounding pale neurofibrils
    homer wright rosettes (neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma, retinoblastoma)
  25. colonies of mucoid pseudomonas in lungs
    cystic fibrosis CFTR mutation in caucasion resulting in fat-soluble vitamin deficiency and mucus plugs

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