Card Set Information
Antibiotics Antivirals Test
6 Viruses killed by current antiviral therapy
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
What is a virion?
mature virus particle
The inner core of the virion, composed of DNA or RNA.
4 Routes a virus can enter a host
Used to treat infections caused by viruses other than HIV.
Used to treat infections caused by HIV
Concentrated antibodies that can attack and destroy viruses.
6 Steps of Virus replication
1-Attachment to host
2-Uncoating of virus, and entry of viral nucleic acid into host cell
3-Control of RNA, DNA, and/or protein production
4-Production of viral subunits
5-Assembly of virions
6- Release of virions
Symmetrel is the TN of _______
Flumadine is the TN of _______
What does amantadine and rimantadine treat?
Foscavir is the TN of _______
What is fascarnet used to treat?
Tamiflu is the TN of ________
Relenza is the TN of ________
oseltamivir and zanamivir are used to treat what?
Influenza A and B
Zovirax is the TN of ________
What antiviral is used to treat HSV 1,2, and 3
Cytovene is the TN of __________
What do you use ganciclovir to treat?
Copegus is the TN of ________
What drug treats lower respiratory RSV infections in infants?
Name 3 ways retroviruses are transmitted.
intravenous drug use
perinatally from mom to child
Name the 4 stages of the HIV infection
List characteristics of Stage 1 HIV infection.
swollen lymph nodes
CD4 count remains in normal limits
List characterstics of Stage 2 HIV infection.
Symptoms like fever, rash, night sweats, diarrhea, and shingles start to appear
Occurs 3 weeks to 3 months after exposure
CD4 count begins to drop
List characteristics of Stage 3 HIV
Weight loss, chronic diarrhea and fever continue
Opportunistic infections begin to occur
What is currently the leading cause of death worldwide for HIV-infected patients?
List the types of Opportunistic Infections
What does HAART stand for and what is it?
Highly active antiretroviral therapy
Combines various agents (cocktails) to prevent viral overload inhibiting cell replication within various stages