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6 Viruses killed by current antiviral therapy
- cytomegalovirus (CMV)
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
What is a virion?
mature virus particle
The inner core of the virion, composed of DNA or RNA.
4 Routes a virus can enter a host
Used to treat infections caused by viruses other than HIV.
Used to treat infections caused by HIV
Concentrated antibodies that can attack and destroy viruses.
6 Steps of Virus replication
- 1-Attachment to host
- 2-Uncoating of virus, and entry of viral nucleic acid into host cell
- 3-Control of RNA, DNA, and/or protein production
- 4-Production of viral subunits
- 5-Assembly of virions
- 6- Release of virions
Symmetrel is the TN of _______
Flumadine is the TN of _______
What does amantadine and rimantadine treat?
Foscavir is the TN of _______
What is fascarnet used to treat?
Tamiflu is the TN of ________
Relenza is the TN of ________
oseltamivir and zanamivir are used to treat what?
Influenza A and B
Zovirax is the TN of ________
What antiviral is used to treat HSV 1,2, and 3
Cytovene is the TN of __________
What do you use ganciclovir to treat?
Copegus is the TN of ________
What drug treats lower respiratory RSV infections in infants?
Name 3 ways retroviruses are transmitted.
- sexual activity
- intravenous drug use
- perinatally from mom to child
Name the 4 stages of the HIV infection
- 2-General symptoms
- 3-Moderate symptoms
- 4-Severe symptoms
List characteristics of Stage 1 HIV infection.
- swollen lymph nodes
- CD4 count remains in normal limits
List characterstics of Stage 2 HIV infection.
- Symptoms like fever, rash, night sweats, diarrhea, and shingles start to appear
- Occurs 3 weeks to 3 months after exposure
- CD4 count begins to drop
List characteristics of Stage 3 HIV
- Weight loss, chronic diarrhea and fever continue
- Opportunistic infections begin to occur
What is currently the leading cause of death worldwide for HIV-infected patients?
List the types of Opportunistic Infections
- Opportunistic neoplasias
What does HAART stand for and what is it?
- Highly active antiretroviral therapy
- Combines various agents (cocktails) to prevent viral overload inhibiting cell replication within various stages