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What are the seven roles of the president?
- Head of State
- Chief Executive
- Chief Legislator
- Economic Planner
- Party Leader
- Chief Diplomat
- Commander in Chief
What does the president do as head of state?
The president represents the nation and performs many ceremonial roles. Some of the ceremonial roles that are done within the country include throwing the first baseball to begin the basketball season, lighting the national Christmas tree, giving out medals and awards, as well as making public service statements on important issues.
What does the president do as Cheif Executive?
The president sees that the laws of Congress are carried out. On top of the other people that Congress hires to enforce the laws, the president is in charge of them and their departments. Since the president is not there to direct them, he is able to try to influence the laws and how they are executed to go their way. The president also has the ability to create executive orders to help enforce different laws.
What does the president do as Cheif Legislator?
The president is allowed to propose bills that they want to see enacted. However if the president wants to see his proposal through Congress, he must work harder if he and the majority party of Congress are from different parties.
What does the president do as the Econonmic Planner?
The president is required to submit an annual economic report to Congress. This requirement was created in 1946 under the Employment Act. After 1946 Congress passed more laws for the president to have more power to deal with economic problems.
What does the president do as the Party Leader?
Whichever party the president is on, he is expected to be the party leader. He attends party fundraisers in order to help his party raise funds. The president is also expected to appoint members of his party to available government jobs.
What does the president do as the Chief Diplomat?
The president directs the foreign policy of the United States, making key decisions about the relations the United States has with other countries in the world. This position also allows for the president to sign and negotiate treaties, make executive agreements with other countries, and decide whether or not America will acknowledge another country’s government.
What does the president do as the Commander and Chief?
The president is in charge of the military. He shares the power with Congress to declare war. He is also responsible for key military decisions.
What are the formal qualifications for president?
- Natural-born citizen
- At least 35 years old
- A resident of the United States for 14 years
What are the two formal duties of the Vice President?
- Help determine presidential disability (25th Amendment in 1967)
- Preside over the Senate
What are six important things to know about the Electoral College?
- Each state has as many presidential electors as it has senators and representatives
- Each state’s legislature decides how its electors are chosen.
- Electors meet in their own states and cast a vote for president and a vote for vice president.
- A joint session of Congress opens and counts the electoral votes.
- The person receiving the majority of votes becomes president.In case of a tie or no majority, the House of Representatives chooses the President and the Senate chooses the Vice President.`
What are the three flaws of the Electoral College?
- Winner of the popular vote may not become president.
- Nothing requires a state presidential electors to vote for the candidate who wins the popular vote.
- A strong third-party candidate could put an election into the House of Representatives.
What is the War Powers Resolution Act?
A law that forbids the president to commit American forces to combat for more than 60 days without congressional notification whitin 48 hours.
What are the three war provisions?
- President must report to Congress within 48 hours of commutting troops to explain the purpose
- Combat must end within 60 days, unless Congress authorizes a longer period
- Congress may end combat at any time
What are the five Diplomatic and Military Powers that the president has?
- Power to Make Treaties
- Executive Agreements
- Power of Recognition
- Making Undeclared War
- Wartime Powers
(Diplomatic and Military Powers) Power to make treaties
The president has the power to sign and negotiate treaties, but ⅔ of the senate must approve it before it goes into effect.
(Diplomatic and Military Powers) Executive Agreements
Pacts between the president, and head of foreign goverment which does not require the consent the senate unlike treaties.
(Diplomatic and Military Powers)
Power of Recognition
The president has the power to determine if America will or will not acknowlede the legal existence of another government.
(Diplomatic and Military Powers) Making Undeclared War
(Limited by Wars Powers Resolution Act) The president works with Congress to decide if the country should go to war.
(Diplomatic and Military) Wartime Powers
- The president has the power "to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States"
- He can pass any execution order to citizens in time of war.
What are the four Judicial Powers that the president has?
What is a Reprieve?
The ability of the president to postpone a legal punishement of a person
What is a Pardon?
The ability of the president to release a person from legal punishment.
What is a commutation?
The ability of the president to completely change a person's legal punishment.
What is amnesty?
The ability of the president to pardon a group of people for an against government.
What are the three forms of executive power that a president has?
- Executing the Law
- Appointment Powers
- Ordinance Power
(Executive Powers) Executing the Law
Creating something in order to see that a law is carried out.
(Executive Powers) Appointment Powers
The president's power to appoint someone to a position.
(Executive Powers) Oridnance Power