Antibiotics

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
74612
Filename:
Antibiotics
Updated:
2011-03-22 21:48:18
Tags:
Aminoglycosides Tetracyclines Macrolides
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Description:
random antibiotic
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  1. List the 5 Natural aminoglycosides
    • gentamycin
    • kanamycin
    • neomycin
    • streptomycin
    • tobramycin
  2. Name the 2 semisynthetic aminoglycosides.
    • amikacin
    • netilmicin
  3. Name the 5 Tetracyclines
    • demeclocycline
    • oxytetracycline
    • tetracycline
    • doxycycline
    • minocycline
  4. What side effects should you watch for when using aminoglycosides?
    • Nephrotoxicity
    • Ototoxicity
  5. What nursing interventions need to be used when dealing with patient taking aminoglycosides
    Make sure patient has a fluid intake between 2500-3000mL/day
  6. Name some side effects of tetracyclines.
    • Discoloration of permanent teeth if patient is <8 years old
    • Retard fetal skeletal development if taken by pregnant woman
    • Reduces effectiveness of oral contraceptives
  7. What antibiotic is used to treat acne?
    tetracyclines
  8. Name the 4 bactericidal antibiotics
    • Aminoglycosides
    • Vancomycin
    • Penicillin
    • Quinolones
  9. Name the 3 bacteriostatic antibiotics
    • Tetracyclines
    • Sulfonamides
    • Macrolides
  10. List the 3 Macrolides
    • erythromycin
    • azithromycin
    • clarithromycin
  11. What are some side effects of macrolides?
    GI upset, flatulence, jaundice, anorexia, hepatotoxicity
  12. What do macrolides treat
    • Chlyamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • URIs
    • Strep
    • Mycoplasm
  13. Side effects of vancomycin
    • ototoxicity
    • nephrotoxicity
    • redman's syndrome
  14. Name 2 things treated with vancomycin
    • C-Difficile
    • MRSA
  15. Whats the infusion time of vancomycin?
    minimum of 60 minutes
  16. How do you treat redman's syndrome?
    antihistamine
  17. What are the 6 Quinolones?
    • ciprofloxacin
    • lomefloxacin
    • nerfloxacin
    • ofloxacin
    • levofloxacin
    • gatifloxacin
  18. What are quinolones used to treat?
    • Lower RTI
    • UTI
    • STD
    • Anthrax
    • Bone/Joint infections
    • Infectious diarrhea
  19. What nursing interventions should you take with a patient using quinolones?
    • Daily input of 3000mL
    • Avoid peanuts, sodium bicarb, and dairy products

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