DD Exam 2

Card Set Information

Author:
mtr14
ID:
74635
Filename:
DD Exam 2
Updated:
2011-03-22 22:37:42
Tags:
Drug Development
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Description:
Dosage Forms and Drugs
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  1. SEMISOLID PREPARATIONS INTENDED FOR EXTERNAL APPLICATION to the skin or mucous membrane
    Ointments
  2. 4 general classes of ointment bases
    • 1. Hydrocarbon Base
    • 2. Absorption Base
    • 3. Water-removable Base
    • 4. Water-soluble Base
  3. semisolid dosage forms containing one or more drug substances dissolved or dispersed in a suitable base
    Cream
  4. semisolid systems consisting of either suspensions made up of small inorganic particles or large organic molecules interpenetrated by a liquid
    Gels
  5. semisolid dosage forms that contain one or more drug substances intended for topical application that consists of thick, stiff ointments that do not ordinarily flow at body temperature, therefore serve as protective coatings over areas to which they are applied
    Paste
  6. an agent that softens the skin or soothes irritation in skin or mucous membrane
    Emollient
  7. a substance that protects injured or exposed skin surfaces from harmful or annoying stimuli
    protective
  8. a substance that promotes retention of water in the skin by forming a hudrophobic barrier that prevents moisture in the skin from evaporating
    occlusive
  9. a substance that causes water to be retained because of its hygroscopic properties
    humectant
  10. promotes hudration of the skin
    moisturizer
  11. Absorption of substances from outside the skin to positions beneath the skin including the blood stream
    Percutaneous Absorption
  12. increases skin permeability by reversibly damaging or altering the physio-chemical nature of the "Stratum Corneum" to reduce resistance
    Chemical Enhancer
  13. the delivery of a charged chemical compound across teh skin using an electrical field
    Iontophoresis
  14. use of high frequency sound to enhance the trans-dermal drug delivery
    sonophoresis
  15. Petrolatum, White Petrolatum, White Ointment, Liquid Petrolatum (mineral oil), Paraffin
    Examples of hydrocarbon bases (oleaginous)

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