Theory II

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Theory II
2011-03-23 01:24:43
Chapter twenty key words

week twelve
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  1. agreement with a set standard of performance; dtermination of accuracy and consistency between examiners to standardize procedures and gain reliability of recorded findings. Examiners who collecte detnal index data for epidemiological research or community health assessment are trained to measure the index in exactly the same way each time
  2. a multifaceted process of identifying factors that affect the oral health status of a selected population.
    community oral health assessment
  3. peices of info collected using measurements and/or counts
  4. the process of gathering info (through the used of tools such as dental indices)
    data collection
  5. the study of the relationships of various factors that determine the frequency and distribution of diseases in the human community; sutdy of health and disease in populations
  6. the rate at which a certain event occurs, as the number of new cases of a specific disease occurring during a certain period of time
  7. a graduated, nmeric scale with upper and lower limits; scores on the scale correspond to a specific criterion for individuals or populations;
  8. describes oral status by expressing clinical observations as numeric values
    dental index
  9. a factor that typically characterizes a disease or health condition; a factor measured and analyzed to describe health status. Dental indices described in this chapter measure oral health _________
  10. a trial run of a planned study using a small sample to pretest an instrument, survey, or questionnaire.
    pilot study
  11. an inactive substance or preparation with no intrinsic therapeutic value given to satisfy a pt's symbolic need for drug therapy; used in controlled research studies in a form identical in appearance to the material being tested
  12. the toal number of cases of a specific disease or condition in existence in a given population at a certain time.
  13. teeth used for epidemiologic studies of periodontal diseases. the maxillary right and mandibular left first molars, maxillary left and mandibular right first premolars, and maxillary left and mandibular right central incisors
    ramfjord index teeth
  14. ability of an index or test procedure to measure consistently at different times and under a variety of conditions; reproducibility; consistency
  15. a portion or subset of an entire population
  16. assessment of many individuals to disclose certain characteristics or diseases in a population
  17. brief assessment for initial evaluation and classification of need for additional examination and tx planning
    individual screening
  18. refers to the state or condition of an individual or population
  19. the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of outcome-specific data for use in planning, implementing, and evaluating the effect of public health programs and practices
  20. ability of an index or test procedure to measure what it is intended to measure.