chapter 18

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Author:
tina_nguyen
ID:
74722
Filename:
chapter 18
Updated:
2011-03-23 09:20:19
Tags:
hygiene care
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Description:
fundamentals of nursing
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  1. Underarm area or armpit
    Axilla
  2. Device for receiving feces or urine from patients confined to bed; may be used for specimencollection
    Bedpan
  3. Yellowish or brownish waxy secretion produced by vestigial apocrine sweat glands in theexternal ear canal; earwax
    Cerumen
  4. Waterproof, disposable under pad
    Chux
  5. Around an orbit; often referring to the eye
    Circumorbital
  6. Artificial teeth not permanently fixed or implanted
    Dentures
  7. Body temperature above normal
    Febrile
  8. The science of health and its maintenance; system of principles for preserving health andpreventing disease
    Hygiene
  9. Two large folds of tissue extending from the mons pubis to the perineal floor; lip
    Labia majora
  10. Smaller fold of tissue covered by the labia majora; lip
    Labia minora
  11. asepsis-A group of techniques that inhibit the growth and spread of pathogenic microorganism.Sometimes referred to as clean technique
    Medical asepsis
  12. Care of the oral cavity (mouth)
    Oral hygiene
  13. Capable of causing disease
    Pathogenic
  14. Care given to the genitalia
    Perineal care
  15. Self care measures that people use to maintain their health
    Personal hygiene
  16. Lying face down on the abdomen
    Prone
  17. ROM)-Normal movement that any given joint is capable of making. Any body actioninvolving the muscles, joints, and natural directional movements
    Range of motion (ROM)
  18. Lying on the left side with the right knee and thigh drawn upward toward the chest; thechest and abdomen are allowed to fall forward
    Simʼs position
  19. A transient loss of consciousness due to inadequate blood flow to the brain (fainting)
    Syncope
  20. Point on the abdomen at which the umbilical cord joined the fetus. In most adults it is markedby a depression
    Umbilicus
  21. The sensation that the outer world is revolving about oneself or that one is moving in space
    Vertigo
  22. Overview:
    • Hygiene: (the science of health) Includes care of not only the skin but also the hair, the hands, thefeet, the eyes, the ears, the nose, the mouth, the back, and the perineum
    • Personal Hygiene: The self care measures people use to maintain their health
    • Your own conscientious practice of personal hygiene is essential (box 18-3)
    • Nurses are role models and teach by example
    • Hygienic practices promote medical asepsis (clean technique)
  23. Factors that Influence a Patientʼs Personal Hygiene (box 18-1):
    • Social practices
    • Body Image
    • Socioeconomic status
    • Knowledge
    • Personal preference
    • Physical condition
    • Cultural variables

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