poetry terms

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jglenn11
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74806
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poetry terms
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2011-03-23 17:38:40
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Lit 109
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  1. A comparison between two related objects introduced by like or as
    Simile
  2. An implied comparison between two unrelated objects
    Metaphor
  3. The giving of human characteristics to inanimate objects, ides, or animals.
    Personification
  4. A poetic form of direct address to a person or thing that cannot answer.
    Apostrophe
  5. Exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis
    Hyperbole
  6. Applying the name of an object to an event, idea, or thing with which the object is closely associated.
    Metonomy
  7. The pairing of words opposed in meaning.
    Oxymoron
  8. Words used for special effect when their sound suggests their meaning, such as, Boom! Splat! Hiss!
    Onomatopoeia
  9. An indirect reference to a person, place, or thing Which presumes audience familiarity.
    Allusion
  10. A repetition of like consonant sounds, usually at the beginning of words in close proximity
    Alliteration
  11. The Recurrence of like vowel sounds that are usually followed by different consonant sounds.
    Assonance
  12. the repetition of certain, identical or similar sounds in different words, usually the last words in two or more lines
    Rhyme
  13. Rhyme found within a line of poetry
    Internal rhyme
  14. The stress placed upon certain syllables in English words
    Accent
  15. The state of having more than one meaning
    Ambiguity
  16. A form of verse to be sung or recited and characterized by its presentation of a dramatic or excited EPISODE in simple narrative form
    Ballad
  17. Unrhymed iambicpentameter, much used in Shakespear's plays
    Blank verse
  18. An internal pause in a line of poetry;could be indicatedby puntuation of semicolon, comma, or hyphen.
    Caesura
  19. A trite, overworn expression; a dead metaphor.
    Cliché
  20. A witty extended metaphor
    Conceit
  21. The exact and literal meaning of a word.
    Connotation
  22. A near rhyme in which the final consonants in the stressed sylable agree, but the vowelsthat precede them differ, as in add/read, word/lord.
    Consonance
  23. Two consecutive lines of poetry with exact rhyme.
    Couplet
  24. A literary work which consists of a revealing one-way conversation by a character or persona, usually directed to a second person or to an imaginary audience
    Dramatic monologue
  25. The continuation of the sense and the grammatical structure of a line onto the next line of verse. The opposite of end-stopped.
    Enjambment
  26. Drawn-out beyond the usual word or phrase to extend throughout a stanza or an entire poem.
    Extended metaphor
  27. A unit of rythm or meter, the division in verse of a group of syllables, one of which is long and accented.
    Foot
  28. A fluid form which conforms to no set rules of traditional versification.
    Free verse
  29. The most common metrical foot in English, German, and Russian verse.
    Iamb
  30. The use of five iambs within a line of poetry.
    iambic pentameter
  31. Langauage that evokes one or all of the senses; seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, touching.
    Imagery
  32. One of the main groups of poetry, the others being narrative and dramatic
    Lyric poetry
  33. A measure of rythmic quantity, the organized succession of groups of syllables at basically regular intervals.
    Meter
  34. Poetry idealizing the lives of shepherds and country folk.
    Pastoral
  35. A line of verse consisting of five metrical feet.
    Pentameter
  36. The characteristics of the speaker of the poem. Not the same as the author of the poem.
    Persona
  37. A poem, unit or stanza of four lines of verse, usally with a rhyme scheme of abab
    Quatrain
  38. The pattern estabhished by the arrangment of rhyme in a stanza or poem generally described by using letters of the alphabet to denote the recurrence of rhyming lines.
    Rhyme scheme
  39. A rhyme in which the sounds are similar, but not exact, as in home and come, or close and lose.
    Slant rhyme
  40. A fixed form consisting of fourteen lines of five-foot iambic verse.
    Sonnet
  41. A unified group of lines in poetry.
    Stanza
  42. The poet's or persona's attitude in style or expression towards the subject, e.g., loving, ironic, bitter, pitying, fanciful, solemn, etc.
    Tone

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