Card Set Information
Some vocabulary and dates etc. from ancient greece.
God or divine bring. The romans used the latin word
deus to describe the god.
means "ruled by the people" and is usually said to have been invented by athenians, but Athenian democracy did not include all people.
Track for running or a race track. Spartans regularly trained at the dromos, just as athletes today do.
Person who is expelled from his/her native land and usually not allowed to return. People are often exiled for political reasons.
A large room originally used for indoor sport and military training by the greeks. Greek gymnasia were also used for social life, club meetings and education
Spartian slaves who were bound to the land. Helot originally meant "captive", and helots had no legal rights.
Poison made from a coniferous tree. They used it to get rid of enemies.
Continous record of events, often in chronological order. Historia may mean "research" or "inquiry".
Heavily armed foot soldiers from an ancient Greek city-state. Each was equipped with armour, a short iron sword, and a 3-metre spear.
Drinks of wine, oil, or even water, poured as offering to the gods by the greeks and romans
Race of 42.195 km. According to oral traditional, in 490 BCE , a messenger ran from Marathon to Athens, a distance of 42.195 km, to bring news of a greek victory over the Persians.
Picture made of small cubes of coloured stone or glass, cemented to a flat surface.
period of 4 years, the time between olympic games.
Special places where the greek gods spoke to humans and answer their questions. Delphi was the most famous oracle.
Process b which ancient Greek banished or exiled dangerous or unpopular citizens, usually for five to ten years.
Special Greek battle formation made up of soldiers, fighting close together, with their shields joined.
Highest point in any city. most city-states in ancient times had an acropolis, which was a fortified citadel where defenders could withdraw if the city was attacked.
Meeting place or market place originally in ancient greece. the agora was also the religious, political, business and social centre.
The study of ancient or Prehistoric times.
Pan r stand (usually made of metal) for holding light coals and used for heating or cooking.
Punishment by death, usually for major crimes such as murder or treason.
Tunic of wool or linen worn by greek men and women.
Independent city and its surrounding land with its own laws and government.
A society with advanced political and social organizations. and has a complex culture.
Person who studies and teaches a set of beliefs by which people live. A philosopher uses reason and argument to seek the truth.
City-state, especially in ancient greece. polis is the Greek word for "city"
Number of people who must be present at a meeting to make the decisions at the meeting valid.
Most important article or part; food that is basic in the diet.
Who are the three Philosophers??
Socrates, plato and Aristotle!
He asks his students questions
He never wrote anything down
He was put to death by drinking Hemlock
Believed in spiritual values
Student of socrates
Came up with the lost city of Atlantis
He taught the science was the most important area of study
Was the teacher of alexander the great
wrote over 500 know essays
Who and what was
He was a historian and called the "father of history"
Who and what was Hippocrates??
He was a doctor of medicine and was called the father of medicine
Who and what was
He was a astronomer and said the sun was the centre of the solar system.
Who and what was
geographer almost found the circumference of the earth and was only 195 miles off
Who and what was Euclid?
Mathematician and he wrote the 1st geometry book
Who and what was Pythagoras?
A mathematician and came up with the Pythagorean theorum
Who and what was Archimedes?
A mathematician and he perfected the pulley and lever
Persian Great King from 486 BCE - 465 BCE, son of Darius 1. His attempts to complete the conquest of Greece begun by Darius failed
Darius 1, Great King of Persia 520 BCE - 486 BCE
An able ruler who organized his empire very well and introduced secret police, a postal system, coinage and a legal system
the name that ancient Greek people called themselves
Blind, a great and epic poet who supposedly composed the Iliad and the Odyssey.
an epic poem about the Trojan War supposedly composed by Homer. It tells the story of the causes and duration of the 10 years war
Fought between Athens and Sparta from 431 BCE and 404 BCE
Philip II of Macedonia
He ruled Macedonia from 359 BCE - 336 BCE - conquered most of Greece and planned to invade Persia but was assassinated at his daughter's wedding - his son Alexander the Great carried on his conquests
428 BCE - 348 BCE - student of Socrates who later formulated his own ideas that are still considered today including the lost city of Atlantis
The first Olympic Games took place
The Persian Wars began when Persia invaded Greece
The construction of the Parthenon in Athens is completed. It was begun in 447 BC
The Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta took place
Socrates is put to death in Athens
Alexander the Great conquers Persia
Roman armies conquer the Greek kingdom in Egypt
Means of seeing
study of man