Potilechio Chemistry (without uses)

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Anonymous
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74853
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Potilechio Chemistry (without uses)
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2011-03-23 20:28:30
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periodic table elements chemical compound reaction chemistry property metal nonmetal metalloid
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Chemistry test study guide for Mrs. Potilechio's class without uses
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  1. Carbonate
    CO32-
  2. Nitrate
    NO3-
  3. Nitrite
    NO2-
  4. Hydroxide
    OH-
  5. Acetate
    C2H3O2-
  6. Ammonium
    NH4+
  7. Sulfate
    SO42-
  8. Sulfite
    SO32-
  9. Phosphate
    PO43-
  10. Phosphite
    PO33-
  11. Chlorate
    ClO3-
  12. Chlorite
    ClO2-
  13. Hypochlorite
    ClO-
  14. Perchlorate
    ClO4-
  15. Nitrogen
    N
  16. Sodium
    Na
  17. Chlorine
    Cl
  18. Cobalt
    Co
  19. Carbon
    C
  20. Neon
    Ne
  21. Gold
    Au
  22. Silver
    Ag
  23. Oxygen
    O
  24. Potassium
    K
  25. Copper
    Cu
  26. Hydrogen
    H
  27. Helium
    He
  28. Iron
    Fe
  29. Niobium
    Ni
  30. Mercury
    Hg
  31. Boron
    B
  32. Lead
    Pb
  33. Fluorine
    F
  34. He published his periodic table in the Journal of the Russian Chemical Society in 1869
    Dmitri Mendeleev
  35. These three elements were discovered 15 years after their spots had been predicted on the first published periodic table.
    Gallium, scandium, and germanium
  36. A row on the periodic table.
    Period
  37. A column on the periodic table.
    Group
  38. Groups 1, 2, and 13-18
    Representative elements
  39. Groups 3-12
    Transition elements
  40. Elements placed below the periodic table.
    Inner transition metals
  41. Properties of metals
    Solid (except for mercury), mostly high melting points, has luster, is a good conductor of heat and electricity, is malleable, and is ductile.
  42. Properties of nonmetals.
    Mostly gases or brittle solids, poor conductors of heat and electricty, and many are essential for life.
  43. Properties of metalloids.
    Shares some with nonmetals and metals.
  44. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) naming system
    Newly synthesized elements are given a temporary name which, once verified, can be given a permanent name by the discoverers.
  45. Group 1
    Alakli metals
  46. Group 2
    Alkaline earth metals
  47. Group 13
    The boron familty
  48. Group 14
    The carbon group
  49. Group 15
    The nitrogen group
  50. Group 16
    The oxygen family
  51. Group 17
    The halogen group
  52. Group 18
    The noble gases
  53. Iron, cobalt, and nickel have such similar properties, such as magnetic properties, that they are known as this.
    The iron triad
  54. First series of inner transition elements
    Lanthanides (also known as rare earths because they are found one at a time)
  55. Second series of inner transition elements
    Actinides
  56. Properties of alkali metals
    Silvery soilds, low densities, low melting points, and increase in reactivity as you move from top to bottom on the periodic table.
  57. Properties of alkaline earth metals
    Each element is denser and harder and has a higher melting point that the alkali metal in the same period. Active, but not as active as akali metals.
  58. Properties of the boron family
    All metals (except boron, a brittle, black mettaloid)
  59. Properties of the carbon group
    1 nonmetal, 2 metalloids, 2 metals
  60. Properties of the nitrogen group
    2 nonmetals, 2 metalloids, 1 metal
  61. Properties of the oxygen family
    3 nonmetals, 2 metalloids
  62. Properties of the halogen group
    All nonmetal (except astatine, a radioactive metalloid), reacts with alkali metals to form salts
  63. Properties of noble gases
    Rarely combined, found only uncombined in nature, all gases
  64. Properties of transition metals
    Mostly found combined in ores, higher melting points
  65. Properties of lanthanides
    Soft metals, can be cut with a knife, very similar to each other, not that rare
  66. Properties of actinides
    radioactive, most are synthetic
  67. The scientist who attempted to organize elements with the Law of Triads in 1829
    Dobereiner
  68. The scientist who ordered the elements in order of increasing atomic mass with the Law of Octaves
    Newlands
  69. Most abundant element in earth's crust
    Oxygen
  70. Mass of one proton
    1 AMU
  71. The chemical reaction where two or more substances combine to form one compound.
    Synthesis
  72. The chemical reaction where one substance breaks down into two or more elements or compounds.
    Decomposition
  73. The chemical reaction where one or more elements replace one another.
    Replacement reactions

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