1. Warren G. Harding�s weakness as president included all of the following except a(n)
a) lack of political experience
3. Which of the following individuals was considered one of the �worst minds� of President Harding�s cabinet?
e) Albert Fall
4. Republican economic policies under Warren G. Harding
b) hoped to encourage the government to guide business along the path to profits.
5. During the 1920s, the Supreme Court
a) often ruled against progressive legislation.
6. ____________________ was (were) adversely affected by the demobilization policies adopted by the federal government at the end of World War I.
e) Organized labor
7. The Supreme Court in the Muller and Adkins cases centered on
d) the question of whether women merited special legal and social treatment.
8. The non-business group that realized the most significant, lasting gains from World War I was
9. Despite President Warren G. Harding�s policy of isolationism, the U.S. became involved in the Middle East to
d) secure oil-drilling concessions for American companies.
10. Warren G. Harding was willing to seize the initiative on the issue of international disarmament because
c) businesspeople were unwilling to help pay for a larger U.S. Navy.
11. The 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact
e) outlawed war as a solution to international rivalry.
12. In the 1920s the Fordney-McCumber Tariff _____________ tariff rates and the Hawley-Smoot Tariff ______________ tariff rates, so that by 1930 the tariff rates had been substantially ____________ from the opening of the decade.
c) raised; raised; raised
13. Because the U.S. raised its tariffs in the 1920s,
e) all of the above.
14. The Teapot Dome scandal involved the mishandling of
a) naval oil reserves.
15. The major political scandal of Harding�s administration resulted in the conviction and imprisonment of his secretary of
e) the interior.
16. Which of the following descriptive attributes is least characteristic of President Coolidge?
17. During Coolidge�s presidency, government policy was set largely by the interests and values of
b) the business community.
18. After the initial shock of the Harding scandals, many Americans reacted by
b) excusing some of the wrongdoers on the grounds that �they ad gotten away with it.�
19. One of the major problems facing farmers in the 1920s was
20. In the mid-1920s President Coolidge twice refused to sign legislation proposing to
e) subsidize farm prices.
21. The intended beneficiaries of the McNary-Haugen Bill were _______________; the intended beneficiaries of the Norris-LaGuardia Act were __________________.
b) farmers; labor unions
22. Which of the following splits did not affect the Democratic party in 1924?
c) urbanites vs. suburbanites
23. Robert La Follette�s Progressive party advocated all of the following except
e) increased power of the Supreme Court.
24. In 1924 the Democratic party convention came within a single vote of adopting a resolution condemning
a) the Ku Klux Klan.
25. The Progressive party did not do well in the 1924 election because
b) too many people shared in prosperity to care about reform.
26. In the early 1920s, the U.S.� ____________ was a glaring exception to its general indifference to the outside world.
b) armed intervention in the Caribbean and Central America.
27. America�s European allies argued that they should not have to repay loans that the U.S. made to them during World War I because
c) they had paid a much heavier price in lost lives, so it was only fair for the U.S. to write off the debt.
28. As a result of America�s insistence that war debts be repaid,
a) the French and British demanded enormous reparations payments from Germany.
29. America�s major foreign-policy problem in the 1920s was addressed by the Dawes Plan, which
e) tried to solve the tangle of war-debt and war reparations payments.
30. The most colorful presidential candidate of the 1920s was
c) Alfred E. Smith.
31. All of the following were political liabilities for Alfred E. Smith except his
d) failure to win the support of American labor.
32. One of Herbert Hoover�s chief strengths as a presidential candidate was his
e) talent for administration.
33. When elected to the presidency in 1828, Herbert Hoover
d) was a millionaire.
34. The Federal Farm Board, created by the Agricultural Marketing Act, lent money to farmers primarily to help them to
a) organize producers� cooperatives.
35. As a result of the Hawley Smoot Tariff of 1930,
e) the worldwide depression deepened.
36. In America, the Great Depression caused
b) a decade-long decline in the birthrate.
37. President Herbert Hoover believed that the Great Depression could be ended b doing all of the following except
a) providing direct aid to the people.
38. President Hoover�s approach to the Great Depression was to
e) adopt unprecedented federal initiatives.
39. The ___________________ was an �alphabetical agency� set up under Hoover�s administration to bring the government into the anti-depression effort.
d) Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
40. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was established to
b) make loans to businesses, banks, and state and local governments.
41. The Bonus Expeditionary Force marched on Washington, D.C., in 1932 to demand
c) immediate full payment of bonus payments promised to World War I veterans.
42. President Hoover�s public image was severely damaged by his
e) handling of the dispersal of the Bonus Army.
43. In response to the League of Nations� investigation into Japan�s invasion and occupation of Manchuria,
d) Japan left the League.
44.The 1932 Stimson doctrine
d)declared that the U.S. would not recognize any territorial acquisition achieved by force of arms.