Joint Classifications

Card Set Information

Author:
ds02813
ID:
74903
Filename:
Joint Classifications
Updated:
2011-03-24 00:14:58
Tags:
joints
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Description:
Classification of the 4 types of joints
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  1. Four Types of Joints
    • Bony
    • Fibrous
    • Cartilagenous
    • Synovial
  2. BONY
    • BONY ( synostosis)
    • - frontal bones
    • - mandibular bones
    • - epiphysis becomes bone
  3. FIBROUS
    • Sutures
    • - serrate; lamddoid, coronal, sagittal
    • - lap ; sqauamous
    • - plane; palantine process of maxilla
  4. FIBROUS
    • Gomphoses
    • - peridontal ligaments
  5. FIBROUS
    • Syndesmoses
    • - interosseous membranes
    • - radius/ulna
    • - tibia / fibula
  6. CARTILAGENOUS (amphiarthrosis)
    • Hyaline (synchondrosis)
    • - costal ( 1st rib )
    • - epiphyseal/ diaphyseal
  7. CARTILAGENOUS
    • Fibrocartilage (symphysis)
    • - intervertebral discs
    • - pubic symphysis
  8. SYNOVIAL (Diarthrosis)

    6 classes
    • Ball and Socket
    • Hinge
    • Pivot
    • Condylar
    • Saddle
    • Plane
  9. BALL AND SOCKET
    • Multiaxial (3 planes)
    • - shoulder
    • - hip
  10. HINGE
    • Monoaxial
    • - humeroulnar
    • -humeroradial
    • -phalanges
    • - knee
  11. PIVOT
    • Biaxial
    • -radioulnar
    • -atlantoaxial
  12. CONDYLAR
    • Biaxial
    • - metacarpalphalangeal
    • - wrist ( radiocarpal)
  13. SADDLE
    • Biaxial
    • - thumb ( trapeziometacarpal)
    • - sternoclavicular
  14. PLANE
    • Biaxial
    • -intercarpal

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