Card Set Information
From Jamestown to the Creation of our national Constitution
What was the first permanent English settlement in North America
What year was Jamestown founded?
What economic system did England use to control the 13 colonies
Name the 3 reasons Europeans came to America
Gold, God and Glory
This group of people settled in Massachusetts. Who were they?
Puritans or Pilgrims
Puritans and/or Pilgrims came to American seeking what kind of freedom?
This document was written by the Pilgrims and it stated that all colonists would follow the rules, what was the document
What year was the Mayflower Compact written
What are the three regions of the 13 colonies
New England, Middle and South
This region had hard rocky soil, long winters and relied on manufacturing
This region was called the Breadbacket of the 13 colonies
This region had long growing seasons and good ground for farming on large farms called plantations
A crop grown to make money is called a?
This colony was founded for debtors, what colony is it?
This colony was founded by William Penn as a haven (place) for Quakers
Who is credited with saving Jamestown from disaster
Who founded Rhode Island?
Who founded Connecticutt
This colony was founded by Lord Baltimore as a place for Catholics
What form of government is used when people elect someone to speak for them
What is the importance of the Mayflower Compact
first social contract
What was the first representative assembly in the 13 colonies
Virginia House of Burgess
What was the first written Constitution in the 13 colonies
Fundamental Orders of Connecticutt
What was the first war fought by the colonists and England versus the French?
French and Indian War
Waht was the main effect of the French and Indian war
colonists had to pay off the war debt
How did the King of England and British Parliament propose to make colonists pay?
Tax on sugar
what is the term used to describe when colonists refuse to buy certain items
How did colonist protest the sugar tax
this direct tax forced colonists to buy a stamp on all paper goods
What was the colonial response to the stamp tax
more violent protests, boycotts
This event occured when colonists met in Boston to protest unfair taxation with the stamp tax
how many people died in the Boston Massacre
What did the colonists use to increase anger against the British after the Massacre
What document was written by Thomas Jefferson and sent to the king with a list of grievances towards the colonies
The declaration of Independence
What year was the Declaration written
After the Boston Massacre the British removed all taxes except the tax on?
What was the colonial response to the Tea Tax
Boston Tea Party
After the Tea Party the king of England passed the worst taxes on only Boston to make them pay for the tea, what tax was next
Intolerable or Coercive acts
Every time the King passed new taxes, what happened to the level of protests by the colonists
more violent, more boycotts, more active, angrier, etc...
Where did the event know as the "Shot heard round the World" occur?
Lexington and Concord
These battles showed George Washington's use of espionage, great courage, and great military tactics
Trenton and Princeton
What was the winter camp of George Washington?
What was important about Valley Forge
Our colonial army learned to fight
what man wrote it only makes sense to want independence?
What book did Thomas Paine write
What was the turning point of the Revolutionary War
Why is Saratoga the turning point?
We won and France agreed to help us fight the British
The last battle of the Revolutionary War
What was the effect of the Revolutionary War?
We now were free from England, land all the way to the Mississippi River
What was the first national constitution
Articles of Confederation
The Articles gave more power to who? national or states
What law created a system to create new states from all new territories in the Northwest Territories
This rebellion by farmers showed the Articles to be too weak?
What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention
To revise or fix the Articles
What year was the Constitutional Convention
What plan favored the large states and was based on a states population
what plan gave all states equal representation and favored the small states
new Jersey Plan
This compromised solved the issue of state's representation at the Convention
The Great Compromse created how many branches of government
What are the three branches
legislative, executive, judicial
what does the legislative branch do?
What does the executive branch do and who runs it
enforces laws, president
who is responsible for ruling if laws are constitutional
What houses did the Great Compromise create in the Legislative Branch
What is the House of Representatives based on?
What is the Senate membership based on?
What compromise settled the issue of Slavery at the convention
What did Anti-federalists demand be added to the Constitution before they would ratify (approve) it
Bill of Rights
What group favored a strong national government
What group feared that a strong president would turn into a King
2/3 vote in Congress + 3/4 vote in state legislatures =
How does the Constitution meet the changing needs of society?
the first 10 amendments are called the?
Bill of Rights
What individual freedoms are protected in the first amendment
press, religion, speech, petition, assembly
What is it called when people are free to meet in groups to protest the government?
What is freedom of speech?
the right to protest government
right to bear arms
Why did our founding fathers include the 3rd amendment
because the king put soldiers in colonist's houses
Which amendment protects against
search and seizures?
Due process is the rights of the accused and is protected by which amendment
All criminals are allowed what type of trial in the 6th amendment
fair and speedy
8th amendment protects us against
cruel and unusual punishment
The president can veto laws by the legislature, what is this an example of
checks and balances
name at least 3 ways the 3 branches check each others powers
legislative over-ride of veto
supreme court - judicial review
why is their separation of powers?
to make sure no branch gets too powerful
we elect representatives to work on government's laws, what is this?
The 3 branches can only do what is written in the constitution, they are restricted, what is this type of government
"We the People" have the power, what is this?
How do the people control the government
The national and state governments each have their own unique and sometimes share powers. What is this called
Name one thing the national governal can only do
name one thing that only the states can do
name one thing that the national and state governments can do