medical terms 4

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alyspins
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75108
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medical terms 4
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2011-04-08 17:31:01
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medical term stem words
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sperm/o- to yo
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  1. SPERM/O-
    • sperm
    • spermo/cide
    • sperm/to kill
    • alternate spelling: SPERMAT/O-
  2. 2. SPHER/O-
    • ball, globe, round
    • spher/o/cyte
    • ball, globe, round/cells
  3. 3. SPHINCT/O-
    • that which binds together
    • sphinct/er
    • that which binds together or tight (ring like)
    • (The 'pylorus sphincter' is known as the
    • gatekeeper to the small intestines. The 'anal
    • sphincter' is this ring which binds together at the end
    • of the big colon)
  4. 4. SPHYGM/O-
    • pulse
    • sphygmo/mano/meter
    • pulse/by hand/measurement
    • (this records the pressure of blood above atmospheric pressure 760 mm/hg as it passes through arteries)
  5. 5. SPHYXI/O-
    • pulse or lack of pulse
    • a/sphyx/ia
    • without/pulse/refers to
    • (this refers to lack of a heart beat 'no pulse' due to lack of breathing)
  6. 6. SPIN/O-
    • thorn or thorny
    • spin/al
    • thorn or thorny/refers to
    • (sharp pointed projection of bone: the spine has multiple thorny projections)
    • related term(s): CORNU- (means horn or horny)
  7. 7. SPIR/O-
    • breathe or breathing
    • spir/o/meter
    • breathe, breathing/measure
  8. spiro/gram
    breathing/record
  9. spiro/graph
    • breathing/instrument used to record
    • related term(s): -PNEA
  10. 8. SPLANCHN/O-
    • organ
    • splanchn/o/log/y
    • organ (viscera)/study of/process of
  11. 9. SPLEN/O-
    • spleen
    • splen/o/tom/y
    • spleen (organ)/cut into/procedure of
    • related term(s): LEINO-
  12. 10. SPONDYL/O-
    • vertebra
    • spondyl/itis
    • vertebra/inflamed
  13. 11. SPRAIN
    • to wring out or press out
    • sprain
    • to wring out or press out
    • (usually with tears, swelling, and bleeding)
  14. 12. SQUAM/O-
    • scaly
    • squam/ous
    • scaly/refers to
  15. 13. -STALSIS
    • to contract
    • peri/stalsis
    • around/to contract
  16. 14. STAPED/O-
    • stirrup
    • staped/ectomy
    • stirrup (shape)/excision or removal
    • (One of three tiny bones of the middle ear: mallus/incus/stapes = hammer/anvil/stirrup)
    • related term(s): STAPES
  17. 15. STAPHYL/O-
    • grape or grape-like clusters
    • straphylo/coccus
    • grape or grape-like clusters/berry
    • (bacteria appearance)
    • related term(s): UV-, UVE/A-, UVE/O-, UVUL/O-
  18. 16. -STASIS
    • stoppage, standing, location
    • hemo/stasis
    • blood/stoppage
    • (arrest of bleeding or circulation; blood stagnation causing clots)
    • homeo/stasis
    • same or equal/standing or location
    • alternate spelling: -STASIA
  19. 17. -STAT
    • to stop or immediately
    • hemo/stat
    • blood/to stop
    • (device or drug that immediately arrests blood flow. STAT. or stat means immediately - stop what you are doing and help)
  20. 18. -STAXIA
    • dripping or trickling
    • epi/staxia
    • upon/dripping or trickling
    • (epistaxis means nosebleed)
  21. 19. STEAT/O-
    • fat
    • steato/rrhea
    • fat/flow
    • (flow from the sebaceous 'oil' glands of hair follicle)
    • related term(s): ADIPO-, LIPO-
  22. 20. STEN/O-
    • narrowing
    • sten/osis
    • narrowing/condition of
  23. 21. STEREO-
    • three dimensional or solid
    • stereo/cine/fluoro/graphy
    • three dimensional (viewing)/motion picture/fluorescence/recording procedure
  24. 22. STERN/O-
    • chest, sternum, or breastbone
    • stern/al
    • chest, sternum, breastbone/pertain to
  25. 23. STETH/O-
    • chest
    • stetho/scope
    • chest/to examine
    • related term(s): PECT/O-, PECTER/O-, THORAC/O-
  26. 24. -STOLE
    • contract
    • sy/stole
    • together/contract
    • (blood pressure created by heart chamber contraction)
  27. dia/stole
    • between/contraction
    • (lower blood pressure that occurs when heart chamber is filling with blood between contractions of the heart muscle)
    • related term(s): -SPASM, -STALSIS
  28. 25. STOMAT/O-
    • mouth
    • stomat/itis
    • mouth/inflamed
  29. 26. STRABISM/O-
    • to squint or squinting
    • strabism/us
    • to squint or squinting/refers to
    • (lazy eye 'one eye deviates' do to loss of acuity, muscle, nerve damage. Types include: 'cross-eyed, wall-eyed, intermittent, vertical, paralytic,& spastic')
  30. 27. STRAIN
    • to draw tight
    • strain
    • to draw tight (stretch)
    • (less severe than a sprain)
  31. 28. STRAT/I-
    • layer
    • strati/form
    • layer/shaped
    • strat/um basal
    • layer/refers to: base of (skin)
  32. 29. STREPT/O-
    • twisted or twisted chain
    • strepto/coccus
    • twisted or twisted chain/spheres
    • (bacteria appearance)
  33. 30. STRI/A-
    • stripes or threads
    • stria/tion
    • stripes or threads/process of
    • (usually associated with muscle appearance and skin stretch marks)
  34. 31. STRICT/O-
    • drawing or binding
    • strict/ure
    • drawing or binding/state of
  35. 32. STY/E
    • raised
    • stye
    • raised
    • (This is the inflamed sebaceous gland and hair follicle near an eyelash follicle)
    • related term(s): HORDEOL/O-
  36. 33. SUB-
    • beneath, under, less or lesser
    • sub/lingu/al
    • under/tongue/pertains to
    • sub/dur/al
    • under/hard (meninges layer)/refers to
    • sub/lux/ation
    • lesser/dislocation/process of
  37. 34. SUDORIFER/O-
    • sweat
    • sudorifer/ous
    • sweat/pertain to
    • related term(s): HIDR/O
  38. 35. SULF/O-
    • sulfur
    • sulfon/amide
    • sulfur/in protein
    • related term(s): THIO-
  39. 36. SUPER-
    • above or upon
    • super/cil/ia
    • above/hairs/refers to
    • (eyelash-like)
    • super/ficial
    • on or near/refer to surface
  40. 37. SUPINAT/O-
    • to throw backward
    • supinat/ion
    • throwing backward/process of
    • (to turn the body or part upward)
  41. 38. SUPRA-
    • above or upon
    • supra/pelvic
    • upon or above/pelvis or basin
    • supra/cost/al
    • above/ribs/pertaining to
  42. 39. SUR/A-
    • on calf of leg
    • sur/al
    • on calf of leg/refers to
    • (muscles: area of leg calf)
  43. 40. SURG/I-
    • working by hand
    • surg/ical
    • working by hand/refers to
    • surgeon
    • one who works by hand
  44. 41. SUTURE
    • sewing together
    • sutur/ing
    • sewing together/procedure of
  45. 42. SYM-
    • together
    • sym/physis
    • together/growth
    • related term(s): COM-, CON-, SYN-
  46. 43. SYN-
    • together
    • syn/drome
    • together/running (signs and symptoms)
    • syn/apse
    • together/point of contact
    • syn/ovi/al
    • together/like egg/ refer to
    • related term(s): COM-, CON-, SYM-
  47. 44. SYNCOPE
    • to faint or fainting
    • syncope
    • to faint or fainting
  48. 45. SY/STOL/O-
    • to draw together or contract
    • systol/ic
    • to draw together or contract/refer to
    • related term(s): TRACT/O-
  49. 46. TACHY-
    • fast or swift
    • tachy/card/ia
    • fast or swift/heart/refers to
  50. 47. TAL/O-
    • ankle
    • tal/us
    • ankle/refers to
  51. 48. TARS/O-
    • broad flat surface
    • meta/tars/al
    • beyond/broad flat surface/refer to
  52. 49. TART/O-
    • dregs, sediment or particles
    • tart/ar
    • dregs, sediment or particles/pertains to
    • (minerals and other particles deposited on teeth. Also known as Plaque or Calculus)
  53. 50. TAX/O-
    • arrange, to order, to organize, locate
    • tax/o/nom/y
    • arrange, to order, to organize, locate/law/process of
    • (to classify plants or animals, to organize or put a order to items in biology)
  54. 51. -TAXIA
    • muscle coordination
    • a/taxia
    • without/muscle coordination
  55. 52. TEL/O-
    • end or outward
    • telo/phase
    • end or outward/stage
    • (the end stage or phase of mitosis)
    • related term(s): TELE-
  56. 53. TEMPOR/O-
    • temple
    • tempor/al
    • temple/refers to
    • (bones of both sides of skull at its base)
  57. 54. TEN/O-
    • tendon
    • teno/desis
    • tendon/binding
    • (surgical fixating or reattaching a tendon)
    • related term(s): TEND/O-, TENDON-
  58. 55. TENS/O-
    • to stretch or stretches
    • tens/or
    • to stretch or stretches/one who
    • alternate spelling: TENT/O-
  59. 56. TERAT/O-
    • monster
    • terat/o/logy
    • monster/study of
    • (medical special that studies deformed offspring)
    • alternate spelling: TERA-
  60. 57. TERES
    • round
    • teres
    • round
    • (round and smooth muscles or ligaments that are cylindrical)
  61. 58. TERM
    • end, place at the end, boundary
    • term
    • a set period of time like the end of pregnancy
    • related term(s): TERMIN/O-
  62. 59. TERT/I-
    • third
    • terti/para
    • third/birth
    • tert/iary stage
    • third/state of or condition: phase
  63. (3rd stage of a disease like syphilis, which
    forms gummas or gum-like lesions)
  64. related term(s): TERT-
  65. 60. TEST/E-
    • shell or seed producer
    • test/icle
    • shell or seed producer/small
    • (the appearance is that of a shell and it produces the seed called sperm)
  66. 61. TETAN/O-
    • spasm or spasms
    • tetan/y
    • spasm or spasms/process of (contraction of muscles-like in lockjaw)
  67. 62. TETR/A-
    • four
    • tetra/olog/y (of Fallot)
    • four/science of or study of/process of
    • (combination of four abnormalities seen in a Fallot's Heart)
  68. 63. THANAT/O-
    • death
    • thanato/log/y
    • death/studying or study of/process of
    • related term(s): NECR/O-
  69. 64. THEL/O-
    • nipple
    • thel/ectomy
    • nipple/removal or excision (surgical procedure)
    • (usually associated with breast cancer)
  70. 65. THEN/O-
    • palm of hand or sole of foot
    • then/ar
    • palm of hand or sole of foot/pertains to
    • (palm of hand and the fleshy part at base of thumb)
  71. 66. THEO-
    • GOD
    • theo/mania
    • god/madness
    • theo/log/y
    • god/study of/process of
  72. 67. THERAP/O-
    • treating or curing
    • therap/y
    • treating or curing/procedure of
    • chemo/therap/y
    • chemical (with)/treatment or cure/procedure of
  73. 68. THERM/O-
    • heat, hot or warm
    • therm/ometer
    • heat, hot or warm)/measurement
    • therm/al
    • temperature/pertain to
    • thermo/gram
    • heat/recording
    • (diagnostic graphic record of heat variations: blood flow or tissue changes)
  74. 69. THORAC/O-
    • chest
    • thoraco/centesis
    • chest (thorax)/surgical puncture to drain fluid
    • (thorax 'chest' relates to the 12 chest vertebra with 12 pairs of attached ribs)
    • related term(s): PECTER/O-, STETH/O-
  75. 70. THROMB/O-
    • clot, clump together, curdle
    • thromb/osis
    • clot, clump together, curdle/condition of
    • (this is a blood clot somewhere in the vascular system or an organ)
  76. 71. THYM/O-
    • soul, emotion, flowery smell
    • thym/us
    • soul, emotion, flowery smell/refers to
    • (endocrine gland that is part of the immune system '1-13 Y/O blood development')
  77. 72. THYR/O-
    • shield or shield shaped
    • thyr/oid
    • shield or shield-shaped/resembling
  78. 73. TIBIA-
    • shinbone
    • tibi/al
    • shinbone/refers to
    • tibi/algia
    • shinbone/pain
  79. 74. -TIC
    • capable of, or state of
    • caus/tic
    • burning or burn/capable of or state of
  80. 75. TINEA-
    • fungus
    • tine/al
    • fungus/refers to
  81. 76. TINNITUS
    • jingling, tinkling, ringing
    • tinnitus
    • jingling, tinkling, ringing
    • (inflamed lower part of cochlea 'snail' of inner ear: causing a ringing sound)
  82. 77. -TION
    • process of or procedure of
    • nutri/tion
    • nourishment/process of or procedure of
    • related term(s): -AGE, -ATION, -IATION, -ING, -ION, -Y
  83. 78. -TIVE
    • nature of or quality of
    • in/sensi/tive
    • not/feeling or to feel/nature of or quality of
  84. 79. TOCI/O-
    • birth, giving birth, birthing
    • dys/toci/a
    • difficult, painful, faulty/birth/refers to
    • alternate spelling: TOC-
    • related term(s): NAT-, NATO-, PARTO-
  85. 80. -TOM/E
    • cutting instrument
    • derma/tom/e
    • skin/cut/instrument
    • (an instrument used to cut into the skin)
  86. 81. TON/O-
    • tension, tone, pressure
    • tono/meter
    • tension, tone, pressure/to measure
    • (instrument used to measure pressure or tension within the eye 'intra/ocul/ar')
  87. 82. TONSILL/O-
    • almond shape
    • tonsill/ectomy
    • almond shape/removal or excision
    • (this lymph node gland tissue becomes overwhelmed and swollen with infections)
  88. 83. TOP/O-
    • location
    • top/al
    • location/refers to
    • ec/top/ic
    • outside/location/pertains to
    • (usually a mal-positioned pregnancy in the wombs tube, cervix, on the ovary)
  89. 84. TORSI-
    • twisted
    • tors/ion
    • twisted/refers to
    • (Torsion means twisting of a body part. This is
    • usually a twisting of the blood vessels around
    • the vas de/ference in the male scrotum, causing a
    • blood flow blockage, pain, & vessel dilation)
    • related term(s): ILEO-, VARIC/O-, TORTI-
  90. 85. TOX/O-
    • poison
    • tox/ic
    • poison/refers to
  91. toxic/olog/y
    • poison/science of/procedure of
    • (science that studies how poisons are chemical composed, action tests, and antidotes)
    • related term(s): SEPS/O-, SEPT/O- , VIR/O-
  92. 86. TRACHE/O-
    • rough
    • trache/o/tom/y
    • rough/to cut into/refers to
    • (the cut is between the semi-circular cartilage rings of the windpipe)
    • related term(s): TRACHY-
  93. 87. TRACT/O-
    • to draw or pull
    • tract/ion
    • to draw or pull/process of
    • related term(s): SYSTOL/O-
  94. 88. TRANS-
    • across or through
    • trans/fus/ion
    • across or through/connect/process of
  95. trans/verse
    • across/to draw
    • (horizontal cut creating the top and bottom parts of the body or a structure)
    • related term(s): DIA-
  96. 89. TRAUMA
    • wound
    • trauma
    • wound
  97. 90. -TRESIA
    • perforation or opening
    • a/tresia
    • without/perforation or opening
  98. 91. TRI-
    • three
    • tri/ceps
    • three/headed
    • (muscle in back of arm - extends forearm)
    • tri/gemin/al
    • three (parts)/form or development of/refer to
  99. 92. TRIAGE
    • to sort or classify
    • triage
    • to sort or classify
    • (screening: in hospitals, at accidents, in war to prioritize treatment)
  100. 93. TRICH/O-
    • hair
    • tricho/crypt/osis
    • hair/hidden/condition
    • (any hair follicle disease - hidden below surface)
    • tricho/mon/iasis
    • hair/single or one/condition
    • (VD parasitic infection: protozoa has one tail 'single hair or tail projection')
    • related term(s): PILO-, -THRIX
  101. 94. -TRIGO-
    • rubbing
    • inter/trigo
    • between/rubbing
    • (friction causes skin weakness usually between digits & fungus infection)
  102. 95. TROCHLE/O-
    • pulley or pulley like
    • trochle/ar
    • pulley or pulley-like/refer to
    • (name of fourth '4th' cranial nerve: innervates superior oblique eye muscles)
  103. 96. TROP/O- (TROP/IN)
    • stimulate or to turn
    • gonado/tropin (hormone)
    • teste or ovary/stimulate
    • trop/ism
    • to turn/state of
    • (reaction to stimuli - turn toward or away from heat, cold, light, etc.)
  104. 97. TROPH/O-
    • development, nourishment or nutrition
    • hyper/troph/y
    • increased/development/process of
    • tropho/therapy
    • nourishment or nutrition/treatment
  105. 98. -TRIPSY
    • to crush
    • litho/tripsy
    • stone/crushing (gall stones)
  106. 99. TRYPAN/O-
    • borer, to bore, drill
    • trypano/som/iasis
    • borer/body/disease or condition
    • related term(s): TREPAN/O-
  107. 100. TUB/O-
    • canal or tube
    • tub/al ligation (female sterilization)
    • canal or tube/refers to: to bind (burning or cauterizing)/procedure of
  108. 101. TUBERCUL/O-
    • swelling, nodule, tubercule
    • tuberculo/sis
    • swelling small/condition
    • (Bacteria bacillus rods - 'Mycobacterium tuberculosis' that form nodular
    • colonies 'swelling' within lungs, bones, and in
    • other body tissues. Over one third of the world
    • population has this disease)
  109. 102. TUM/O-
    • swelling or tumor growth
    • tum/or
    • swells, to swell, swelling/one who
    • (Note: Tum/or (swelling); Reb/or (redness);
    • Cal/or (heat); Dol/or (pain) are all signs
    • of: 'Inflammation. The word 'Tumor' is often
    • associated with a cancerous swelling both benign
    • or malignant)
  110. 103. TURGOR/O-
    • swelling
    • turgor
    • swelling (skin test for hydration)
  111. 104. -TUSSIS
    • cough
    • per/tussis
    • through/cough
    • Pertussis (Whooping cough) is characterized by fits of coughing followed by a noisy, "whooping" indrawn breath, and is caused by the bacteria "Bordetella pertussis"
  112. 105. TYMPAN/O-
    • eardrum
    • tympan/itis
    • eardrum/inflamed
    • (outer part of middle ear)
  113. 106. TYPH/O-
    • stupor
    • typh/oid
    • stupor/resembles(bacterial infection causing high fever and a stupored state)
  114. 107. ULCER-
    • sore
    • ulcer/ation
    • sore/process of
    • (may develop in many diseases or conditions)
  115. 108. -ULE
    • small or lesser
    • tub/ule
    • canal/small or lesser
    • related term(s): -CULE, -ICLE,- IOLE, -ULA
  116. 109. ULN/A-
    • elbow
    • uln/ar
    • elbow/refers to
  117. 110. ULTRA-
    • beyond
    • ultra/sound (US)
    • beyond (normal hearing levels)/sound (waves)
    • ultra/micro/scop/e
    • beyond/small/view/instrument
    • (objects invisible through ordinary microscope: side illumination 'darkfield')
  118. 111. UMBILIC/O-
    • navel
    • umbilic/al
    • navel (watery)/refers to
  119. 112. UNGUIN/O-
    • nail
    • unguin/al or ungun/al
    • nail/pertain to
    • (Note: ung 'unguentum' is the abbreviation for ointment)
    • alternate spelling: UNGU/O-
    • related term(s): ONYCH/O-
  120. 113. UR/O-
    • urine
    • ur/olog/y
    • urine/study/process or procedure of
    • alternate spelling: UR/A-, UR/E-, UR/I-
    • related term(s): UR-
  121. 114. URETER/O-
    • small canal
    • ureter/itis
    • small canal/inflamed
  122. 115. URETHERO-
    • canal
    • urethr/itis
    • canal/inflamed
    • (tube running from urinary bladder to outside of body)
  123. 116. URTICARI/O-
    • hives or nettles
    • urticar/ia
    • hives or nettles (skin condition)/pertain to
  124. 117. UTERO-
    • womb
    • uter/al
    • womb/refers to
  125. 118. UVE/A-
    • grape
    • uve/itis
    • grape/inflamed
    • (thin membrane between retina and sclera of eye - iris, ciliary body and choroid vascular layer)
    • related term(s): STAPHYLO-, UV-, UVE/O-, UVUL/O-
  126. 119. VAG/O-
    • wanderer (the longest cranial nerve)
    • vag/us
    • wanderer/pertains to
    • (tenth cranial nerve that wanders down through torso body cavities)
  127. 120. VAGIN/O-
    • sheath
    • vagin/al
    • sheath/refers to
    • vagin/itis
    • sheath/inflamed
  128. 121. VALG/U-
    • inward
    • valg/us
    • inward/refers to the condition of “genu valgum,”
    • which means the knees are in “valgus” (i.e., “knock knees”);“valgum” is the adjective; “valgus” is the noun.
    • alternate spelling: VALG/US, VALG/UM
  129. 122. VALVUL/O-
    • tiny fold or small valve
    • valvul/itis
    • tiny fold or small valve/inflamed
  130. 123. VAR/U-
    • outward
    • var/us
    • Outward/refers to the condition of “genu varum,”
    • which means the knees are in “varus”
    • (i.e., “bow legged”);“varum” is the adjective; “varus” is the noun.
    • alternate spelling: VARUS, VARUM
  131. 124. VARIC/O-
    • twisted
    • varico/cele
    • twisted/rupture or protrusion
    • (veins of spermatic cord)
    • related term(s): ILEO-, TORSI-
  132. 125. VARICELLA
    • tiny spot
    • varicella
    • a tiny spot
    • (chickenpox lesions - macules 'spots',
    • papules 'pimples', vesicles 'blisters', and
    • crusting lesions appear on the skin during
    • different stages. It lasts 10 days and is caused
    • by the herpes zoster virus that also causes
    • shingles later in life)
  133. 126. VAS/O-
    • vessel
    • vas/ec/tom/y
    • vessel/out/cut/procedure of
    • related term(s): ANGI/O-
  134. 127. VEN/O-
    • vein
    • ven/ous
    • vein/pertain to
    • related term(s): PHLEB/O-
  135. 128. VENTR/O-
    • belly
    • ventr/al
    • belly/refer to
    • ventr/icle
    • belly/small
  136. 129. VERA-
    • true
    • polycythemia: vera
    • many red blood cells: true
    • (also known as erythremia)
  137. 130. VERMI-
    • worm
    • vermi/form
    • worm/shaped
    • (shape of appendix projecting from the cecum)
    • related term(s): ASCAR/IS, HELMINTH/O-, VERMI-
  138. 131. VERRUCA/E-
    • wart
    • plantar verruca(e)
    • foot/refers to: wart
  139. 132. -VERSION
    • turn or to turn
    • in/version
    • inward/turning (usually foot)
    • related term(s): VERS-
  140. 133. VERTEBR/O-
    • jointed
    • vertebr/al
    • jointed/refers to
    • (six or more articulations or joints on each vertebral bone)
  141. 134. VERTIGO
    • whirling
    • vertigo
    • whirling (maze part or labyrinth of inner ear inflamed causing a spinning sensation)
  142. 135. VESIC/O-
    • sac or small blister
    • vesic/al
    • sac or small blister/pertains to
    • related term(s): VESICUL/O-
  143. 136. VILL/I-
    • shaggy hair
    • vill/us
    • shaggy hair (appearance)/refers to
    • (hair-like structure in small intestine that absorbs nutrients into the blood)
  144. 137. VIR/O-
    • poison
    • vir/al
    • poison/refers to
    • (smallest of etiologic infectious agents - thought to cause severe poisoning)
    • related term(s): SEPS/O-, SEPT/O-, TOX/O-
  145. 138. VISCER/A-
    • organ
    • e/viscer/ate
    • out (from)/organ/process of or procedure of
  146. 139. VIT/O-
    • alive, life, living
    • vit/al
    • alive, life, living /pertains to
    • (your resume' is your personal vitae)
    • related term(s): VIV/I-
  147. 140. VITILIG/O-
    • to corrupt
    • Vitiligin/ous
    • to corrupt/state of
    • (leuko/derma: white patches on skin often seen in dark skinned people)
  148. 141. VOLV/O-
    • to twist, twisting, rolling
    • volv/ulus
    • twisting or rolling/refers to
    • (bowel obstruction causes by the bowel twisting - stops forward food movement)
  149. 142. VULV/O-
    • covering
    • vulv/a
    • covering/refers to
    • (the covering tissue of the female external genitalia)
  150. 143. WHEAL
    • round or circle
    • wheal
    • round
    • (A circular elevated skin condition with a pale
    • red periphery that itches and white in center.
    • It is associated with urticaria or hives and
    • insect bites)
  151. 144. WHITLOW
    • white flow
    • whitlow
    • white flow
    • (suppurative 'pus forming' at end of finger or toe - often a nail abscess)
    • related term(s): FELON
  152. 145. XANTH/O-
    • yellow
    • xanth/derma
    • yellow/skin
  153. xanth/oma
    • yellow/swelling
    • (flat, soft, nodule usually seen on the eyelid)
    • related term(s): LUTE/O-
  154. 146. XEN/O-
    • strange or foreign
    • xen/ophthalm/ia
    • strange/eye/refers to
    • xeno/phob/ia
    • stranger/fear of/pertains to
  155. 147. XERO-
    • dry
    • xero/derm/a
    • dry/skin/refers to
    • (X is pronounced like a z)
  156. 148. YAWS
    • raspberry appearance
    • yaws
    • raspberry appearance
    • (spirochetal bacterial infection of skin in humid environments)
  157. 149. -Y
    • procedure of or process of
    • therap/y
    • treating or curing/procedure of or process of
    • related term(s): -AGE, -ATION, -IATION, -ING, -ION, -TION
  158. 150. ZYGO-
    • union
    • zygot/e
    • union/instrument
  159. 151. A & A
    • awake and aware
    • awake and aware
  160. 152. A & O
    • alert and oriented
    • alert and oriented
  161. 153. A & W
    • alive and well
    • alive and well
  162. 154. ACL
    • anterior cruciate ligament
    • anterior cruciate ligament
  163. 155. ad. lib.
    • as desired or at liberty
    • as desired or at liberty
  164. 156. ALL
    • allergy or acute leukocytic leukemia
    • allergy or acute leukocytic leukemia
  165. 157. AMA
    • against medical advice
    • against medical advice
  166. 158. ASTOL
    • as tolerated
    • as tolerated
  167. 159. B1
    • Thiamine HCL Vitamin or first degree (Stage I) burn
    • (a sun burn is a first degree burn)
  168. 160. B2
    • Riboflavin Vitamin or 2nd degree (Stage II) burn
    • (blistering is present with a 2nd degree burn)
  169. 161. B3
    • 3rd degree (Stage III) burn
    • (tissue charring is present with a 3rd degree burn)
  170. 162. B4
    • 4th degree (Stage IV) burn
    • (most tissue destroyed with a 4th degree burn)
  171. 163. B6
    • Pyridoxine HCL Vitamin
    • Pyridoxine HCL Vitamin
  172. 164. B7
    • Biotin Vitamin
    • Biotin Vitamin
  173. 165. B8
    • Adenosine Phosphate Vitamin
    • Adenosine Phosphate Vitamin
  174. 166. BaE
    • barium enema
    • related term(s): BE
  175. 167. BID
    • two times per day
    • two times per day
  176. 168. BP
    • blood pressure
    • (Average Intra/vascular 'BP' is 120/80 mm/Hg
    • above atmosphere pressure. Low 'BP' is 90/60 or
    • lower; High 'BP' is 140/90 or higher)
  177. 169. BS
    • blood sugar, bowel sounds, before sleep, breath sounds, Blue Shield
    • blood sugar, bowel sounds, before sleep, breath sounds, Blue Shield
  178. 170. BT
    • body temperature, bleeding time, brain tumor
    • body temperature, bleeding time, brain tumor
  179. 171. BUN
    • blood urea nitrogen
    • blood urea nitrogen
  180. 172. BX
    • biopsy or Blue Cross
    • biopsy or Blue Cross
  181. 173. CBC
    • complete blood count
    • complete blood count
  182. 174. CC
    • chief complaint or chief component
    • chief complaint or chief component
  183. 175. CF
    • cystic fibrosis
    • cystic fibrosis
  184. 176. CHF
    • congestive heart failure
    • congestive heart failure
  185. 177. CL
    • contact lenses
    • contact lenses
  186. 178. CNA
    • chart not available, certified nurse's aide
    • chart not available, certified nurse's aide
  187. 179. COPD
    • chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
    • (asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, bronchiectasis)
  188. 180. CO
    • cardiac output or computer order
    • cardiac output or computer order
  189. 181. CP
    • cerebral palsy, chest pain
    • cerebral palsy, chest pain
  190. 182. CVA
    • cerebrovascular accident
    • cerebrovascular accident
  191. 183. D & D
    • diarrhea and dehydration
    • diarrhea and dehydration
  192. 184. DAD
    • drug administration device
    • drug administration device
  193. 185. DAT
    • diet as tolerated
    • diet as tolerated
  194. 186. DD
    • differential diagnosis
    • (differentiating between diseases 'signs & symptoms' or their etiology 'cause')
  195. 187. DNS
    • did not show
    • did not show
  196. 188. DPT
    • diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus
    • (pertussis is also known as whooping cough, tetanus is also known as lock jaw)
  197. 189. DX & PX
    • diagnosis and prognosis
    • diagnosis and prognosis
  198. 190. DZ
    • disease or dozen
    • disease or dozen
  199. 191. EKG
    • electrocardiogram
    • related term(s): ECG
  200. 192. EMG
    • electromyography
    • (diagnostic procedure of recording muscle electricity - muscle fire power)
  201. 193. ENT
    • ear, nose, and throat
    • ear, nose, and throat
  202. 194. ESWL
    • extracorporal shock wave lithotripsy
    • extracorporal shock wave lithotripsy
  203. 195. FBS
    • fasting blood sugar
    • fasting blood sugar
  204. 196. FOD
    • free of disease
    • free of disease
  205. 197. Fx
    • fracture or fractional urine
    • fracture or fractional urine
  206. 198. GH
    • growth hormone
    • growth hormone
  207. 199. GI
    • gastrointestinal or granuloma inguinal
    • gastrointestinal or granuloma inguinal
  208. 200. GTT
    • drop, drops, or glucose tolerance test
    • drop, drops, or glucose tolerance test
  209. 201. H1
    • herpes simplex type 1
    • herpes simplex type 1 are oral herpes
  210. 202. H2
    • herpes simplex type 2
    • herpes simplex type 2 are genital herpes
  211. 203. HAV
    • Hepatitis A virus
    • Hepatitis A virus
  212. 204. HBV
    • Hepatitis B virus
    • Hepatitis B virus
  213. 205. HCV
    • Hepatitis C virus
    • Hepatitis C virus
  214. 206. HI, HOH
    • Hearing impaired or hard of hearing
    • Hearing impaired or hard of hearing
  215. 207. I & O
    • intake and output
    • intake and output
  216. 208. ICU
    • intensive care unit
    • intensive care unit
  217. 209. ID
    • infectious disease, initial dose, intradermal
    • infectious disease, initial dose, intradermal
  218. 210. IV
    • intravenous
    • intravenous
  219. 211. KUB
    • kidney, ureter, bladder
    • kidney, ureter, bladder
  220. 212. LBP
    • low blood pressure
    • (starts at 90/60 mm/Hg above atmospheric pressure of 760: 'or lower')
  221. 213. MD
    • muscular dystrophy, manic depression, mental deficiency, Medical Doctor
    • muscular dystrophy, manic depression, mental deficiency, Medical Doctor
  222. 214. ml
    • milliliter
    • milliliter
  223. 215. MMR
    • measles, mumps, and rubella
    • measles, mumps, and rubella
  224. 216. MS
    • multiple sclerosis, mitral stenosis
    • multiple sclerosis, mitral stenosis
  225. 217. N & V
    • nausea and vomiting
    • nausea and vomiting
  226. 218. NPO
    • nothing by mouth
    • nothing by mouth
  227. 219. OTC
    • over the counter
    • (over the counter items are sold without prescription)
  228. 220. PE
    • physical exam, pulmonary embolism, pleural effusion
    • physical exam, pulmonary embolism, pleural effusion
  229. 221. PRN
    • as needed
    • as needed
  230. 222. PROM
    • partial range of motion
    • partial range of motion
  231. 223. QD
    • every day or once a day
    • every day or once a day
  232. 224. QID
    • four times per day
    • four times per day
  233. 225. Q
    • every
    • every
  234. 226. RBC
    • red blood cell
    • (also refers to a red blood cell count)
  235. 227. ROS
    • review of systems
    • review of systems
  236. 228. RR
    • respiration rate or recovery room
    • respiration rate or recovery room
  237. 229. Rx
    • prescription, drug, medication, reaction
    • prescription, drug, medication, reaction
  238. 230. S.O.S.
    • if necessary, if urgently required, may be repeated once
    • if necessary, if urgently required, may be repeated once
  239. 231. sig.
    • Let It Be Written, label, instructions
    • (often seen on prescriptions)
  240. 232. SOB
    • shortness of breath
    • shortness of breath
  241. 233. stat
    • immediate
    • immediate
  242. 234. STI
    • sexually transmitted Infections, skin test dose
    • sexually transmitted Infections, skin test dose
  243. 235. SX
    • symptom, sign, surgery
    • symptom, sign, surgery
  244. 236. TBC
    • tuberculosis, total blood (cell) count
    • (this disease infects 1/3 of the world population)
    • related term(s): TB
  245. 237. TENS
    • transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation
    • transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation
  246. 238. TIA
    • transient ischemic attack
    • (Rapid blockage in carotid artery in the neck,
    • that causes stroke symptoms. Typically, the clot
    • suddenly passes through and the symptoms usually
    • disappear: Sign of pending major stroke or CVA -
    • cerebrovascular accident)
  247. 239. TKO
    • to keep open
    • to keep open
  248. 240. TPR
    • temperature, pulse, respiration
    • temperature, pulse, respiration
  249. 241. UE
    • upper extremity
    • upper extremity
  250. 242. ung
    • ointment
    • (url means unrelated, urol means urology)
  251. 243. URI
    • upper respiratory infection
    • upper respiratory infection
  252. 244. US
    • ultrasound, unit secretary
    • ultrasound, unit secretary
  253. 245. UTD
    • up to date
    • up to date
  254. 246. UTI
    • urinary tract infection
    • urinary tract infection
  255. 247. VO
    • verbal order
    • verbal order
  256. 248. WBC
    • white blood cells or white blood count
    • white blood cells or white blood count
  257. 249. X & D
    • examination and diagnosis
    • examination and diagnosis
  258. 250. YO
    • years old
    • years old

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