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2011-03-25 00:29:39

This is a review for chapter 3
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  1. The ability to store and retrieve information over time
  2. the porcess by which we transfor what we perceive. think, or feel in to an enduring moemory
  3. the process of maintaining information in the memory over time
  4. the process of maintaining information in the memory over time
  5. the precess of storing new info by converting it into mental pictures
    Visual Imagery Encoding
  6. The act of catergorizing info by noticing the relationships among an series of items
    Organizational encoding
  7. the process of maintaining information in memory over time
    Memory storage
  8. a fast-decaying store of auditory information
    Echoic Memory
  9. a fast-decaying store of visual information
    Iconic Memory
  10. A place where nonsensory information is kept for more than a few seconds but less than a minute
    Short-term Memory
  11. The process of keeping information in short-term memory by memtally repeating it
  12. combining small pieces of information into larger clusters or chunks that are more easitily held in short-term memory
  13. active maintenance of information in shor-term storage
    working memory
  14. a place in which information can be kept for hours, days, weaks, or years
    long-term memory
  15. the inability to transfer new information from the short-term store in to the long-term store.
    anterograde amnesia
  16. the inablitly to retreive information that was acquired before a particular date, ususally the date of an injury or operation
    retrograde amnesia
  17. external information that is associated with stored information and helps bring it to mind
    retrieval cue
  18. the idea a retreival cue can serve as an dffextive reminder when it helps re-cut the speccifit was in which information was encodid
    state dependnt retrival
  19. a network of associated facts and concepts that make up our general knowledge fo the world
    seemantic memory
  20. the collection of past personal experiences that hat occurred at a particular time and place
  21. forgetting what occure with the passage of time
  22. situation in which later learning impairs memory for information acquired earlier
    retroactive interference
  23. situatsion in which earlier learningimpaires memory for information acquire later
    proactive interference
  24. a lapse in attention that results in memory failure.
  25. remembering to do things in the future
    prospective memory
  26. a failure to retrieve infor that is available in memory even though you are trying to produce it
  27. the distorting influences of present knowledge, beliefs and feeeling on recollection of previous experiences
  28. the instrusive recollection of events that we wish we coould forget
  29. detailed recollection flashwhan an dhwere we heard about
    flash bulb
  30. some experience that results in a relatively permanent change in the state of learner.
  31. a general process in wich repeated or prolonged exposure to a stimulus results in a gradual reduction in responding
  32. when a neutral stimafter bulus evokes a response after being paired with a stimulus hat natually evokes a response
    classical conditioning
  33. somting that reliably produces a natrually occuring reaction in an organism
    unconditioned stimulus (US)
  34. a reflexive reaction that is reliably elicited by an unconditioned sumulus
    unconditioned response (UR)
  35. a stimulus thatis initially neutral and produces no reliable response in an organism
    conditioned stimulus (CS)
  36. a reaction that resembles an unconditioned response but is produced by a condtiioned stimulus
    Conditioned (CR)
  37. the phase of classical conditioning when the CS and the US are presented together
  38. ethe gradual elimination of a leared response that occurs when the US is no long presented
  39. the tendency of a leared behavior to recover from extinction after a rest period
    Spontaneous Recovery
  40. the tendency of a leared behavior to recover from extinctino after a rest period
    Spontaneous Recovery
  41. a process in which the CR is observed even though the cs is slightly different from the original one used during acquisition
  42. a type of learning in which the consequences of an organism's behavior determine whether it will be repeated in the future
    operant conditioning
  43. The principle that behaviors that are followed by a "satisfying state of affiars" tend to be repeated and those that produce an "unpleasant state of affairs" are less likely to be repeated
    law of effect
  44. behavior that an orfanism produces that has some impact on the environment
    operant behavior
  45. any stimulus or event that functions increase the likelihood of the behavior that led to it
  46. any simulus of event that functions to decrease the likelihood of the behavior that lead to it
  47. learning that results from the reinforcement of sucessive approximations to a final desired behavior
  48. an operant conditioning principle in which reinforcements are presented at fixed time period. provided that the appropriate response is made
    Fixed Interval Schdule
  49. an operand condition principle in which behavior is einforced based on average time that has expored since the last reinforcement.
    fixed ratio schedule
  50. an operant condition principle in which the delivery of reinforcements is based on particular average number of responses
    Variable ratio schedule
  51. an operant conditioning principle in which only some of the responses made are followed by reinforcement
    intermittent reinforcement
  52. the fact that operatnt behaviors that are maintained under intermittent reinforcement schedules resist extrinction better than those maintained under continous reinforcement
    intermittent reinforcement effect
  53. a condition in which somethin is learned but it is not manifested as a behavioral change until sometime in the future
    latent learning
  54. a condition in which learning takes place by watching the actions of others
    observational learning
  55. learning that takes place alrgely independent of awareness of both the process and the prducts of information acquisition
    implicit learning