CH Midterm [2]

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kamrunsreno
ID:
75223
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CH Midterm [2]
Updated:
2011-03-29 00:26:00
Tags:
neoclasscism romanticsm
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CH Midterm 2
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  1. Neoclasscism
    • date: 1750-1830
    • Age of Reason!
    • 1)moving from religious to secular knowledge
    • 2)classical architecture and themes
    • ----ex) Washington DC (columns, domes, etc)
    • ----If you surround people with beauty, they wont do something stupid!
    • Jacques-Louis David
    • Title: The Death of Socrates
    • Date: 1787
    • So? closing moments of the life of Socrates. Condemned to death or exile by the Athenian government for his teaching methods which aroused scepticism and impiety in his students, Socrates heroicly rejected exile and accepted death from hemlock.
  2. Romanticsm
    • Date: 1770-1830
    • Reacts against enlightenment and Neoclassicism
    • Reject industrial world
    • Interest in National culture and Nationalism
    • 1) Alienation with moving from moving from country to city.
    • 2) People no longer owned their own labor
    • *We have rights/responsibility
    • *Nothing to do with love
    • *Feeling, your heart will help you!
    • 3) Learn from Nature
    • Francisco Goya
    • Title: The Sleep of Reason
    • Date: 1799
    • Sleep of reason produces monsters!
    • Falling asleep with pen at hand
    • Owls=knowledge
    • --Owls bring knowledge, but not all good knowledge
  3. Edmund Burke
    • Date: 1700s
    • writes:Reflections on Sublime and Beautiful
    • 1) Supported Enlightenment until he saw what was happening in the French Revolution
    • 2) Like Hobbes-Majority voice isn't always rational
    • RS&B
    • a) Art Matters!
    • b) How we see the world influences how we construct it.
    • c) The moment when you're struck with reality is the moment you know who you are!
    • Sublime: irregular, powerful, masculine, painful
    • Beautiful: regular, smooth, feminine, pleasureable

    "terror is in all cases whatsoever . . . the ruling principle of the sublime” •  "The passion caused by the great and sublime in nature . . . is Astonishment; and astonishment is that state of the soul, in which all its motions are suspended, with some degree of horror. In this case the mind is so entirely filled with its object, that it cannot entertain any other." •  In contrast: "An air of robustness and strength is very prejudicial to beauty. An appearance of delicacy ato it."
    • Caspar David Friedrich
    • Title: Monk by the Sea (1808-1810)
    • Single Solitary being-alone in the universe
    • monk by the sea
    • undifferentiated
    • fuckin' adrenaline rush bro!
    • Caspar David Friedrich
    • Wanderer above the Sea of Fog (1818)
    • associated with dimensions of greatness and founded on awe and terror. These,
    • too, are central to English romanticism.
    • William Gilpin and the Picturesque
    • 1724-1804
    • 1)Artist himself->invention of tourism
    • 2) Sublime is risky, travelers are women--That ain't lady like!
    • 3) Runs risk of overlooking rural workers hard conditions
    • 4) Guides sought to educate travelers in picturesque aesthetics. Importance of perceiver
    • John Constable
    • Title: The Hay Wain
    • Date: 1821
    • 1) using river as road
    • 2) Beautiful, but that job sucks!
    • *Do you want to live in a nasty cottage?
    • *Represents rural life as wonderful
    • John Constable
    • Title: Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows
    • Date: 1821
    • Joseph Turner
    • Title: Rain, Steam, and Speed--Great Western Railway
    • Date: 1844
    • 1) Technology-traveling on a train could be dangerous
    • *you're passing by things too fast
    • 2) Railroads bisected nature--freakkkyyy
    • Joseph Turner
    • Title: The Slave Ship
    • Date: 1840
    • Enligtenment's false promises
  4. William Wordsworth
    • Date: 1770-1850
    • Wordsworth and Coleridge publish Lyrical Ballads-Crystal clear writing.
    • thought it was your job to descript poetry
    • -New attitude towards nature
    • -poetry at the center of human experience.
  5. William Blake
    • Date: 1757-1827
    • Crazy motherfucker.
    • invented his own religion, but devotedly christian
    • moveable printing press takes away from writing, so he hand wrote out all of his poems
    • -engraver

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