MOD B UNIT 3 THEORY

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Author:
jmejamison
ID:
75333
Filename:
MOD B UNIT 3 THEORY
Updated:
2011-03-30 16:13:43
Tags:
PHARMACOLOGY MEDICATIONS
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Description:
PHARMACOLOGY & MEDICATIONS
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  1. What is the official or legal name of a drug and indicates its chemical structure or makeup?
    Generic name (nonproprietary)
  2. What is the name used to market the drug by the pharmaceutical manufacturer and displays the symbol ®?
    Trade name (proprietary) or brand name
  3. What are the physiological factors that affect the dosages to achieve the desired action?
    • Age (highlighted)
    • Gender
    • Body weight
    • Disease status
  4. Is Benadryl considered a controlled substance?
    No, it is an antihistamine
  5. What kind of drugs must be kept in a locked cabinet, separate from other drugs?
    Controlled Drugs/ substances
  6. T or F
    You can get refills for controlled substance prescriptions?
    False
  7. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act recognize a drug as official when it is listed where?
    United States Pharmacopeia/National Formulary (USP/NF)
  8. What is included with all prescription drugs sent to a pharmacy and included with samples distributed to the medical office?
    Package inserts
  9. What is published annually in conjunction with the pharmaceutical companies whose products are represented?
    Physician's Desk Reference (PDR)
  10. List the 7 rights
    Patient, Drug, Dose, Route, Time, Technique, Documentation
  11. Method, Form, and procedure for nitroglycerin?
    • Sublingual
    • Tablet, liquid, or aerosol spray
    • Place it under the tongue
  12. How do you convert grams to milligrams?
    Move the decimal pt 3 places to the right. (example - 0.06g = 060. = 60mg)
  13. How do you convert milligrams to grams?
    Move the decimal pt 3 places to the left (example- 120mg = 0.120= 0.12g)
  14. How do you convert pounds to kilograms?
    Divide the number of pounds by 2.2 (example - 100 lb - 100 / 2.2 = 45.5 kg)
  15. How do you convert kilograms to pounds?
    Multiply the number of kilograms by 2.2 (for example - 50 kg = 50 / 2.2 = 110 lbs)
  16. What occurs when the a medication (solute) is evenly distributed within the solution but is not dissolved.
    Suspension
  17. What are medications mixed with an alcohol base?
    Tinctures
  18. What are solutions containing alcohol, water, sugar and a drug or combination of drugs?
    Elixirs
  19. What are solutions of sugar and water containing dissolved drugs?
    Syrups
  20. What tablets have a special coating that allows them to pass through the stomach and dissolve in the small intestine?
    Enteric - coated
  21. What is the harmful side effect that occurs when a drug accumulates in the body?
    Toxic Effects or toxicity
  22. What is the class of drug that increases the rate and strength of the heartbeat for example: epinephrine
    Adrenergic
  23. What is the class of the drug that blocks perception of pain in cortex, blocks nerve impulses to the brain to achieve loss of consciousness or used as a local anesthesia - produces loss of pain or sensation without loss of consciousness?
    Anesthetics
  24. Meaning of "AC"?
    Before meals
  25. Meaning of "bid"?
    Twice a day
  26. Meaning of "PC"?
    After meals
  27. Meaning of "PDR"?
    Physician Desk Reference
  28. Meaning of "PO"?
    By mouth (per os)
  29. Meaning of "prn"?
    as needed
  30. Meaning of "qid"?
    4 times a day
  31. Meaning of "sublingual"?
    Under tongue
  32. Meaning of "STAT"?
    Immediately
  33. Meaning of "sub Q"?
    Subcutaneous
  34. Meaning of "tid"?
    Three times a day
  35. Condition of "struggling against." The lessened effect that occurs when two drugs are given together?
    Antagonism
  36. Ratios:
    15 is what percent of 45?
    • 15:45::x:100
    • Multiply ins and outs = 45x=1500 Solve for x= 33
    • Change to percent 33%
  37. Proportion for Percent:
    15 is what percent of 45
    • 15/45 • x/100= 1/3
    • 45x= 1500
    • Solve for x= 33
    • Change to percent 33%
  38. Dividing percents:
    15 is what percent of 45?
    • Write fraction= 15/45.
    • Reduce= 1/3
    • Divide 3√1= 0.33
    • Change to percent= 33%
  39. Multiplying percents:
    Find 3% of 42
    • Change % to decimal= 3% becomes 0.03 Then multiply 42 x 0.03=126
    • Add decimals in= 1.26
  40. Dividing decimals:
    48.2/0.68
    • Determine quotient:
    • 48.2/0.68 = 0.68√48.2
    • move decimal over same point amount and divide= 68√4820= 70.88
  41. Dividing fractions:
    3 5/8 ÷ 2 1/2
    • Change to improper fractions. 29/8÷5/2
    • Invert the second fraction (flip numerator and denominator) 29/8 2/5
    • Reduce any num and denom 29/4 x 1/5
    • Multiply across 29x1 4x5 = 29/20
    • Reduce: 1 9/20
  42. Multiplying fractions:
    4 1/10 • 5=
    • Turn mixed fractions into improper fractions. 41/10 •5/1=
    • Reduce any numerators w/ denominators
    • 41/2•1/1=
    • Multiply across
    • 41•1 2•1 = 41/2
    • Reduce and
    • Change to mixed number= 20 1/2
  43. ORDER: Zantac 150 mg po q.i.d.
    SUPPLY: Zantac 300 mg per 5mL susp
    DOSAGE:
    • Step 1: 150mg÷300mg= 0.5
    • Step 2: 0.5mg•5mL= 2.5mL

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