Card Set Information
Common Conditions Diseases GI
Flow of gastric secretions into the esophagus
Caused by weakening of lower esophageal sphincter or intraabdominal pressure.
Clients complain of heartburn, regurgitation, and dysphagia that is aggrivated by lying down and relieved by sitting up.
Pertrusion of the stomach through esophageal hiatus of diaphragm into the mediastinal cavity.
Primary factor for development of hiatal hernia.
Peptic ulcers can occur where?
Gastric and duadenal ulcers may result from infection with what?
Gastric ulcers can be caused by what?
Stress, NSAIDs, corticosteroids, aspirin
Complain of burning in left epigastrium and back 1-2 hours after eating.
Complain of burning 2-4 hours after eating, midmorning, midafternoon, and middle of the night.
What is Crohn's disease?
Inflammation that can occur from the mouth to anus but most common where the ileum and cecum meet.
Diseased sections become thicker narrowing the lumen.
Complains of severe abdominal pain, cramping, diarrhea, nause, fever, chills, weakness, anorexia, and weight loss.
Chronic IBD that starts in the rectum and works its way up to the large intestine.
Small ulcers in colon and rectum cause bleeding in stools.
Pouches form in the colon and become inflammed. Herniations through the muscular wall in the colon.
Cramping in the LLQ, nausea, moniting, altered bowel habits, and constipation. Deistended abdomen with decreased bowel sounds and tenderness.
Chronic degenerative disease of the liver. Cobblestone appearance.
What can viral hepatitis, bilary obstructions, and alcohol abuse cause?
Liver becomes palpable and hard, ascites, jaundice, cutaneous spider angiomas, dark urine, tan stools and spleen enlargement appear.
RUQ colicky pain that may radiate to the mid torso or right scapula.
Can be caused by alcohol abuse or obstruction of sphincter of Oddi by gallstones.
Pain described as steady, boring, dull, or sharp that radiates from the epigastrium to the back.
Cirrhosis is commonly caused by alcoholism but it is also caused by ________.
Inflammation of the renal glomeruli caused by an autimmune process.
Fever, chills, nausea, malaise, arthralgia, and CVA tenderness
Formation of kidney stones that is more common in men.
Flank pain that may radiate into the groin and genitals.