DRUG QUIZES FINAL
Card Set Information
DRUG QUIZES FINAL
DRUG QUIZES FINAL
Drug quiz questions 3/27/11
Morphine is classed as a ____ ____.
Name opiate narcotic antagonist trade, generic, indication & dosage
0.4 - 2 mg IV up to 10 mg
Name 2 bronchodilators
Is Etomidate classed as a benzo? If no what is it?
Adenosine is described as a _____ _____ with a 1st dose of ____ & 2nd of ____
6mg & 2nd of 12mg
Atropine is classed as ____ w/ an indication of ____ @ dosage ____ & a 2nd indication of ____ @ dosage ____
Cardiac Arrest @ a dosage of 1mg of 1
Systamatic Bradycardia @ a dosage of 0.3-0.5 mg drip
Epinepherine is classed as a ____ w/ an indication of ____ @ dosage of ____. Another indication is ____ dosed @ ____
Cardiac Arrest @ a dosage of 1mg IV
Severe Allergic reaction dosed @ 0.3 - 0.5 mg IM/sub q
The max amt of Epi you can give is ____ & a contraindication is ____
Vasopressin is classed as a ____ w/ a trade name of ____
An indication for Vasopressin is ____ dosed @ ____. Another is ____ dosed @ ____
Cardiac arrest @ 40 units IV
Esophageal Varices @ 0.2 - 0.4 units/min IV drip
Morphine is contraindicated for COPD/asthma b/c :
It causes resp depression
Phenergan is classed as an ____.
The trade name for anectine.
My pt last night had a seizure b/c he forgot to take his ____ or was it his ____.
2 HTN drugs on my list are ____& ____ their mechanism is ____ & ____.
Lisinipril & it is an ACE inhibitor
Atenlol &it is a beta blocker
Norvasc & it is a CCB
Toprol XL & it is a Beta Blocker
Diovan & it is an angeotensin antagonist
Its getting hard to find Xanax on the street so I have to go to my Dr for ____ b/c these drug quizes are giving me _____
My cholesterol is high so my doc offered me ____ or ____.
Tridil is classed as a ____.
The narcotic that is similar to morphine but is synthetic is ____
This drug is a bronchodilator but is contraindicated for primary use. It is ____. The primary bronchodilator is ____.
Diazapam (aka ____) is classed as ____. It is indicated for (5 inds) ?
Seizures, Status Epilepticus, Anxiety, Muscle Tremors due to Inj, Premed for Cardioversion
Morphine is used for MI for ____ & for ____. I wouldnt use it if my pt had ____, ____ or ____.
Hypotension, Head or abd inj, bronchial asthma, COPD, Resp Depression
My pt takes paxil for ____.
2 analgesic drugs on my list are ____ & ____.
My pt is depressed so they have taken ____, ____, ____, ____, ____, ____, or ____ in the past.
Lisinipril is a pretty good ____ med w/the mechanism of ____ ____.
HTN, ACE inhibitor
Contraindications common to opiates are
Generic Xanax is called ____.
This drug is a depolarizing neuromuscular blocker: _____.
Succinylcholine is indicated for ____ & contraindicated for ____ or ____ or ____. Adult Dose is ____.
Fam Hx of malignant hyperthermia, penetrating eye inj, narrow angle glaucoma
1 - 1.5 mg/kg IV/IM
If my pt ODs on Diazapam I could use ____ b/c it is a ____ ____ in the dosage of what?
0.2 mg up to 1mg
Etomidate is classed as a benzo. T or F
Hydrocodone is indicated for ____ & the trade name is ____.
Name Two indications for Versed
Thiamine is dosed @ _______ for adults. For Pedi _____.
Adult 50-100 mg IV/IM
Pediatric 10-25 mg IV/IM
Etomidate is classed as ____ & we would use this drug for ____ in the dose of _____ for adult and ____ for Pedi.
Adult 0.1-0.3 mg/kg IV
Pedi >10 y/o same as adult
To reverse the effects of morphine we would give ____. The dose would be ____.
0.4 - 2mg IV/IM
Fentanyl is classed as a _____. An indication for fentanyl is ____. Dose it @ ____ for adults & ____ for Pedi ____.
Cardioversion, intubation, pain
Adult 25-100 mcg IV
Ped 2 mcg/kg IV/IM
Valium is classed as ____. Its generic name is ____. Indications are ____, ____, ____ & ____.
Seizures, Intubation, Acute Anxiety, Ortho Inj's
Verapamil is classed as a ____.
Narcan is classed as ____.
How long does Succinycholine last (short or long) and what is this drug used for in what dose for adults & pedis?
Adult 1-1.5 mg/kg IV/IM
Pedi 1-2 mg/kg IV/IM
Epi dose for cardiac arrest is ____ & for allergic reaction ____. The max I can give is ____?
1mg 1:10,000 IV
0.3 - 0.5 1:1000 sub q
I know from A & P epi hits this receptor site ____?
Etomidate is a benzo. T or F
The dosages for adenosine are ____ then ____ then ____.
6 mg rapidly w/ saline flush
12 mg in 1 - 2 mins
12 mg in 1 - 2 mins
The specific thing adenosine is for is called ____.
Adenosine should be used secondary to ____ ____.
Verapamil would be bad to use in a wide QRS because why?
It would slow AV conduction widening it further
The major precaution for adenosine is that it may cause ___.
Transient dysrhythmias especially asystole
The only indication for ASA in the prehospital setting is ____ given in what dose?
160 - 320 mg PO
Tell me what atropine is precautioned for and why.
MI b/c it speeds the heart
The non cardiac use for atropine is ____ dosed @ ____.
organo phosphate poisoning
2 - 5 mg IV/IM/IO
Atrovent is indicated for ____ & is dosed at ____.
500 mcg 2.5 - 3 ml NS via neb
My pt is suffering fr. hypoglycemia is going to get some ____ fr me in the amt ____. I m precautioned to have good ____ ____.
Valium's properties are that it:
is a benzo
For seizure I would give valium in a dose range of ____.
5 - 10 mg IV IM
I could reverse valium with ____ in the amt of ____.
0.2 mg IV
Etomidate lasts a long time. T or F
The dosage for Etomidate is ____.
0.1 - 0.3 mg/kg IV
The dosage for fentanyl is ____.
25 - 100 mcg slow IV
Fentanyl is contraindicated for ____ & ____ & can be antagonized w?
MAO inhibitors & Myasthenia Gravis
Romazicon is indicated for ____ & dosed @ ____. I have to be careful using it if my pt ____.
Resp Depression secondary to benzos
0.2 mg IV up to 1 mg
already takes it for status epilepticus or seizures
Lasix is indicated for ___ & ____ & dosed @ ____.
CHF & pulmonary edema
40 - 120 mg slow IV
The reason Lasix works is ____.
It inhibits Na reabsorption by the kidneys
The primary prehospital use for versed is ____ dosed @ ____. Contraindicated if ____.
induce sedation for cardioversion or intubation
1 - 2.5 mg slow IV or 0.07 - 0.08mg/kg IM
Pt experiences glaucoma, shock, coma or ETOH
Morphine works for MI b/c it acts as a ____ & ____; both of which are good
vasoconstrictor & pain reliever
Morphine is dosed @ a range of ____ for AMI.
1 - 2 mg IV
I cant use morphine if my pt has (name 5).....
head or abd inj
PE due to chem inhalation
If my pt is unresponsive w/ no resp depression I'd start thinking about checking _____ & giving ____ dosed @____.
Ntg reduces cardiac workload by ____. I'd give my pt ____ repeated up to ____ times if needed.
Name 2 contraindications for Aspirin.
Name 2 prehospital drugs & their dosages for bronchospasm due to asthma.
Ipratropium 500mcg in 2-2.5mL NS vis neb
Albuterol 2.5 - 3 mg in 2-3 mL NS via neb
What would reverse reps depression caused by diazepam & how much is needed?
Flumazenil @ 0.2 mg IV
Max dose of atropine is ____.
Name 3 prehospital drugs for AMI w/ dosages.
Ntg - 0.4 mg tablet or SL spray
Aspirin 160-325 mg PO
Morphine 1-2 mg
Sertaline Hydrochloride is indicated for ____.
What is tenormin indicated for & what mechanism does it use?
What is another name for tenormin?
What is the mechanism for neproxen?
The generic name for Xanax is____.
What is the trade name for Glucophage?
The indication, trade name and mechanism for Prinivil is?
Dose range & generic name for Sublimaze?
Decadron is described as ______.
Long acting synthetic adrenocorticoid w/ intense antiiflammatory activity
Decadron is is indicated for what four things?
Anaphylaxis, Asthma, COPD, Spinal Cord Edema
Racemic epi is indicated for _____.
The difference between racemic epi and regular epi is that it is formulated to be given via ____.
Prochlorperazine is trade named ____ and is indicated for ____ or ____.
Nausea & Vomiting or Acute psychosis
Oxytocin is trade named _____ and is indicated for _____.
Severe postpartum hemorrhage
Ketorolac is trade named _____ and is indicated for _____.
Mild to moderate pain
T or F Toradol will also provide sedation
Mannitol (trade name ____) is classed as a/an ___ and is indicated for ______.
Lotrel is indicated for ____ & its mechanism is that it is an _____.
Norco is an ____ ____.
Avandia is indicated for ______.
Buspar is used for _____.
Remeron is an ______.
Vasotec is known as ____ and is used for ____. Its scheme is that it works as an _____.
Aciphex is excellent for use in ____.
I would take singulair if I had ____.
Inderal is aka ____ & its a ____ which would lead me to believe it is used for ____.
Premarin is classed as _____.
Methotrexate is classed as an ____ .
Soma is indicated for use as a ____ ____.
Seroquel Is a ____
Gabapentin is widely prescribed b/c the trade name drug _____ is pretty expensive. This drug is used for ____.
Proventil is the generic name for ____. Its used as a _____ in the dose/route of ______ via ____. Side effects include ____, ____, ____, ____.
2.5mg in 3 ml NS via Neb
Tachycardia, nausea, headache, anxiety
Procainamide is classed as an ____ & is used for ____, ____, ____ ____.
V-Tach, V-Fib, Pulseless V-Fib
Procainamide works by doing what 3 things?
Prolongs ventricular repolarization, Slows conduction, decreases myocardial excitability
Adenosine is used for ____ & is described as an ____ w/ a half life of ____ meaning what?
It must reach the heart within 6 seconds to be effective
WHat is the dosage range for etomidate ?
What are the contraindictions for Etomidate?
Is succinylcholine a depolarizing or non-depolarizing muscular blocker & what is the dose range?
What are the 3 contraindications for succinylcholine?
Hx of malignant hyperthermia,
Penetrating eye inj,
What is the V-Fib/V-Tach dosage for Mag Sulfate?
What is the dosage of Mag Sulfate for Torsades de pointes?
What is the dosage of Mag Sulfate for AMI?
What is the Mag Sulfate dosage for Eclampsia?
2 - 4g
Give 3 indications for thiamine.
Coma of unk origin
What is the dosage for thiamine?
What medication would we use to reverse a beta blocker OD? Dosed how?
Beta blocker OD
Dosed @ 50-100mcg/kg over 1min
What would we give our pt w/a TCA OD? Dosed @?
Dosed @ 1 mEq/kg IV then 0.5 mEq/kg/10 min
What is the most potent Benzo trade & generic names?
_____ is a narcotic agonist similar to morphine but synthetic.
Lisinipril is given for ____ & its mechanism is ____ ____.
This drug is classed as a depolarizing neuromuscular blocker.
Give generic & trade names of 4 benzos.
Diazepam - Valium
Lorazapam - Ativan
Midazolam - Versed
Alprazolam - Xanax
Hydrocodone is indicated for _____ & its trade name is ____.
Atropine is classed as a ____.
Epi is classed as ____.
Darvocet trade name is ____.
Midazolam trade name is ____.
Diltiazem trade name is ____.
Generic name for Zoloft is ____ ____.
The trade name and dose for verapamil is what?
Isoptin or Calan
2.5 - 5mg IV bolus over 2-3 mins then 5-10 mg after 15-30 mins to a max of 30mg in 30 mins
Verapamil's mechanism is _____ and it is indicated for what 3 things?
PSVT refrac to adenosine, A-Flutter, A-Fib
Name the 3 drugs w/dosages we would use to RSI in the Valley assuming they had the paralytic.
Etomidate @ 0.1 - 0.3 mg/kg
Versed @ 0.07-0.08 mg/kg
Succinylcholine @ 1 - 1.5 mg/kg
Name the 4 stop points for procainamide.
1. Ectopy resolves
2. QRS widens more than 50%
3. Hypotension ensues
4. Up to 17 mg/kg
Give dose & contraindications for Narcan
0.4 - 2 mg
Non narc induced resp depression
Give dose and contraindications for Procainamide.
Myasthenia Gravis, 2nd or 3rd degree HB
Give the dose and contraindications for anectine.
Malignant hyperthermia, Narrow angle glaucoma, Penetrating eye inj
Give dose for vasopressin for esophageal varices & contraindications.
0.2-0.4 units/min IV drip
Nephritis, Heart disease, PVCs, Arteriosclerosis, 1st stage of labor
Give the dose for Calcium Chloride & its contraindications.
2-4 mg/kg IV/10mins as needed
V-Fib, Hypercalcemia, Digitalis toxicity
Give the dose & contraindications for Etomidate.
What is the Max dose for NTG?
1 0.4mg tab/3-5 mins up to 3
1 0.4mg spray up to 3 in 25 mins
Name contraindications for Adenosine.
2nd/3rd degree HB
Sinus Node disease
Tenormin (aka____) is indicated for _____ and follows the mechanism of what?
What is the mechanism for neproxin?
The trade name for glucophage is _____.
Give the indication and trade name for prinivil.
HTN, ACE inhibitor
Sublimaze (aka _____) is dosed at ____.
Methylphenidate (aka ____), a drug used to treat ADHD, achieves its therapeutic action by ____ the CNS, thereby causing ____, allowing for greater concentration and focus.
Heightened awareness and arousal
A large concern during the administration of an Alpha agonist is infiltration b/c it may cause:
Glucagon affects blood glucose levels by:
Inducing glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis
When administering glucagon it is important to remember that:
Glycogen stores must be available in the liver & muscle for it to be effective
All laxatives are similar in the they increase ____ ____ in the ____.
Water content in the colon
Sildenafil (aka ____) achieves its therapeutic action in the treatment of ED by:
Relaxing vascular smooth muscle increasing blood flow to the corpus cavernosum
MAOIs achieve there therapeutic index by:
Preventing the breakdown of neurotransmitters such as norepi in the CNSB
Contraindications for amiodarone are:
Severe sinus brady
Advanced heart block
Atropine works by what mechanism?
Stimulating the parasympathetic NS and the vagus nerve
What 3 things is Atropine used for?
Organo phosphate poisoning
Atropine is precautioned for ____ and ____.
What class of drug is Toradol?
Study of physiological effects of drugs on the body
What are the 6 rights of med administration?
What the body does to a drug
How a drug changes body chemistry in order to achieve s desired effect
Name the 2 drug routes.
Define receptor site.
Location where a drug binds too in order to achieve a desired result
Drug that causes reversible loss of sensation
Drugs used to relieve pain
Chem that binds to a receptor site of a cell & triggers a response by that cell
Chem that blocks or dampens agonist mediated responses
A beta 1 agonist effects receptors by causing:
Increasing HR, contractility, automaticity, conduction
A beta 2 agonist effects receptors causing:
Smooth muscle relaxation
What is a prototype drug?
A drug within a class that exhibits all the exact properties of that class
Atropine cumulative dose is ____.
Bretyliium is used for what?
V-fib, V-tach refrac to lido
The first dose for bretylium is _____.
5 mg/kg IV
The second dose fro Bretylium is _____ with a max of _____.
10 mg/kg/15-30 min to a max of 30 mg/kg
CaCl is primarily used prehospital for ____ ____ in the dose of ____?
CCB toxicity in the dose of 2-4 mg/kg over 10 mins
Diphenhydramine is contraindicated for pts w/ _____.
Cardizem is classed as a _____.
The pedi cardiac arrest dose of epi is _____.
0.01 mg/kg 1: 10,000 IV
The trade name for etomidate is _____.
Romazicon is dosed @ _____.
0.2 mg up to 1 mg
Glucagon can be used for ____ or _____.
Hypoglecemia w/o IV access
Rev beta blocker OD
Isoproterenol is in one algorithm which is _____.
Mag Sulfate works by what mechanism?
Depressing function of smooth, skeletal, cardiac muscles
Solu-Medrol is dosed @ _____ for spinal cord inj.
30 mg/kg IV over 15 mins
Aminophylline is classed as a _____.
Chlordiazepoxide is the generic name for _____.
What is the pediatric dose for Adenosine?
0.1 mg/kg IV/IO
0.2 mg/kg IV/IO
What is the pedi dosage for albuterol?
2.5 mg for <20kg OR 5 mg for >20 kg via neb
What is the pedi dose of Amiodarone for SVT, VT w/pulses?
5 mg/kg IV/IO load over 20-60 mins
What is the pedi dosage for Amiodarone in pulseless arrest?
5 mg/kg IV/IO bolus
What is the pedi dose of atropine for symptomatic bradycardia?
0.02 mg/kg repeated once to a max of 1 mg
What is the pedi dose of atropine for poisoning?
0.02-0.05 mg/kg <12 y/o OR 0.05 mg/kg >12 y/o IV/IO q 20-30 until atropine effect seen or symptoms reversed
What is the pedi dose for calcium chloride?
20 mg/kg IV/IO
What is the indication for dexamethazone and dosage in pedi pts?
0.6 mg/kg PO/IV/IM
What is the dextrose dosage for me pedi pt?
The pedi dose for benadryl is _____.
1-2 mg/kg IV/IO/IM q 4-6 hrs
The pedi dose for dopamine is ______.
2-20 mcg/kg/min IV/IO
The pedi dose for dubutamine is what?
2-20 mcg/kg infusion
The hypotensive shock dose for my pediatric pt is _____.
0.1-1 mcg/kg/min IV/IO
My pedi anaphylaxis pt is going to get _____ of epi via _____ or _____ via _____.
0.01 mg/kg 1:1000 IM in thigh OR 0.01 mg/kg 1:10000 IV/IO
My pediatric asthma pt is going to receive _____ of epi via _____.
0.01 mg/kg of 1:1000 SQ
For my pediatric pt w/croup I am going to mix up ____ ____ by mixing _____ of epi w/____ NS.
0.25 - 0.5 mL 1:1000 w/ 3mL NS
I want to give my pedi pt Lidocaine in the dose of _____ bolus & the infusion of ____/min.
1 mg/kg IV/IO
My pedi pt is in refrac status asthmaticus so I want to give Mag dosed @:
25-50 mg/kg over 15-30 mins IV
I am going to give a loading dose of _____ of methylprednisolone to my pedi pt who is i status asthmaticus or anaphylactic shock followed by an infusion of ____ q 6 hrs.
2 mg/kg IV/IO/IM
0.5 mg/kg IV/IO
For a narcotic reversal my pediatric pt is going to receive_______ of narcan.
I would dose procainamide @ _____ for my pedi pt w/SVT, A-Flutter or VT w/pulse.
15 mg/kg IV/IO load over 30-60 mins
For my pedi pt who ODed on TCAs I will give ____ ____ in the dosage of ____.
1-2 mEq/kg IV bolus
I suspect metabolic acidosis in my pedi pt. I want to give ____ of sodium bicarb.
1 mEq/kg IV/IO
I would give terbutaline to my pedi pt for ____ or ____ in the dosage of ______.
Status asthmaticus or hyperkalemia
0.1 - 10 mcg/kg/min IV/IO infusion