Organs of the Body

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scmarkham2702
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75479
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Organs of the Body
Updated:
2011-03-27 14:44:35
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Organs Body
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Organs/Common Name/Position/Function/Body System
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  1. Brain
    Controls body function

    Centre of the nervous system

  2. Skin
    Outer protective cover of the body

    Skin


  3. Spleen
    Lies on the underside of the stomach. Produces antibodies/acts as a defence mechanism and controls the volume of blood circulating

    Lymphatic system


  4. Liver
    Factory of the body. Breaks down toxins, nitrogenous waste and drugs for removal from the body. Produces bile.

    Digestive system

  5. Oesophagus
    Gullet/food pipe. Transports food from throat to stomach.

    Digestive system


  6. Stomach
    Receives food, commences protein digestion.

    Digestive system


  7. Duodenum, Jejunum and Ileum
    Small intestine. Long tube from stomach to colon where digestion is completed and most absorption takes place.

    Digestive system


  8. Colon
    Large intestine. Absorbs water and manufactures faeces.

    Digestive system


  9. Pancreas
    Gland below the stomach in the curve of the duodenum which produces insulin and pancreatic juice.

    Digestive system/Endocrine system


  10. Gall Bladder
    Lies on the underside of the liver. Concentrates and stores bile for excretion into duodenum to aid digestion.

    Digestive system


  11. Pharynx
    Throat, back of the nose and mouth.

    Respiratory system


  12. Larynx
    Voice box (forms Adam's apples in the male).

    Respiratory system


  13. Trachea
    Wind pipe takes air to and from the lungs.

    Respiratory system


  14. Bronchus
    Large airway passages transporting air into the lungs.

    Respiratory system


  15. Lungs
    2 organs lying in the chest. where the exchange of gases take place during breathing.

    Respiratory system


  16. Heart
    Muscular pump lying betwen the lungs which pumps to circulate blood around the body.

    Cardiovascular system


  17. Aorta
    Main artery of the body. Carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the body.

    Cardiovascular system


  18. Superior Vena Cava/Inferior Vena Cava
    Main veins. Carry deoxygenated blood from the body back to the heart.

    Cardiovascular system


  19. Arteries
    Blood vessels which usually carry oxygenated blood away from the heart and around the body.

    Cardiovascular system


  20. Veins
    Blood vessels which usually carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart.

    Cardiovascular system


  21. Kidneys
    The 2 organs in the body that produce urine.

    Urinary system


  22. Bladder
    The organ that holds urine prior to its excretion from the body.

    Urinary system


  23. Urethra
    Tube which carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

    Urinary system

  24. Ovaries
    Female organs that produce eggs and hormones.

    Female reproductive system


  25. Fallopian/uterine tubes
    2 tubes, connected to the womb, where fertilisation of the egg takes place.

    Female reproductive system


  26. Uterus
    Womb. Organ where the foetus grows.

    Female reproductive system

  27. Vagina
    Birth canal. Organ which connecs the womb to the outside of the body.

    Female reproductive system


  28. Mammary glands
    Breasts. 2 organs situated at the front of the chest which produces milk to feed the newborn baby.

    Female reproductive system

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