Organs of the Body

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    Brain
    Controls body function

    Centre of the nervous system
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    Skin
    Outer protective cover of the body

    Skin
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    Spleen
    Lies on the underside of the stomach. Produces antibodies/acts as a defence mechanism and controls the volume of blood circulating

    Lymphatic system
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    Liver
    Factory of the body. Breaks down toxins, nitrogenous waste and drugs for removal from the body. Produces bile.

    Digestive system
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    Oesophagus
    Gullet/food pipe. Transports food from throat to stomach.

    Digestive system
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    Stomach
    Receives food, commences protein digestion.

    Digestive system
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    Duodenum, Jejunum and Ileum
    Small intestine. Long tube from stomach to colon where digestion is completed and most absorption takes place.

    Digestive system
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    Colon
    Large intestine. Absorbs water and manufactures faeces.

    Digestive system
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    Pancreas
    Gland below the stomach in the curve of the duodenum which produces insulin and pancreatic juice.

    Digestive system/Endocrine system
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    Gall Bladder
    Lies on the underside of the liver. Concentrates and stores bile for excretion into duodenum to aid digestion.

    Digestive system
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    Pharynx
    Throat, back of the nose and mouth.

    Respiratory system
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    Larynx
    Voice box (forms Adam's apples in the male).

    Respiratory system
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    Trachea
    Wind pipe takes air to and from the lungs.

    Respiratory system
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    Bronchus
    Large airway passages transporting air into the lungs.

    Respiratory system
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    Lungs
    2 organs lying in the chest. where the exchange of gases take place during breathing.

    Respiratory system
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    Heart
    Muscular pump lying betwen the lungs which pumps to circulate blood around the body.

    Cardiovascular system
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    Aorta
    Main artery of the body. Carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the body.

    Cardiovascular system
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    Superior Vena Cava/Inferior Vena Cava
    Main veins. Carry deoxygenated blood from the body back to the heart.

    Cardiovascular system
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    Arteries
    Blood vessels which usually carry oxygenated blood away from the heart and around the body.

    Cardiovascular system
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    Veins
    Blood vessels which usually carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart.

    Cardiovascular system
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    Kidneys
    The 2 organs in the body that produce urine.

    Urinary system
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    Bladder
    The organ that holds urine prior to its excretion from the body.

    Urinary system
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    Urethra
    Tube which carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

    Urinary system
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    Ovaries
    Female organs that produce eggs and hormones.

    Female reproductive system
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    Fallopian/uterine tubes
    2 tubes, connected to the womb, where fertilisation of the egg takes place.

    Female reproductive system
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    Uterus
    Womb. Organ where the foetus grows.

    Female reproductive system
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    Vagina
    Birth canal. Organ which connecs the womb to the outside of the body.

    Female reproductive system
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    Mammary glands
    Breasts. 2 organs situated at the front of the chest which produces milk to feed the newborn baby.

    Female reproductive system
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75479
Card Set
Organs of the Body
Description
Organs/Common Name/Position/Function/Body System
Updated
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