AP Chapter 13

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AP Chapter 13
2010-02-21 12:13:34

AP Ch 13
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  1. substance secreted by and endocrine gland and transported into the blood
  2. cell with specific receptors on which a hormones exerts its effect
    target cell
  3. type of endocrine secretion in which the hormone affects nearby cells
  4. hormone that acts on the same cell that secreted it
  5. gland that secretes its products into a duct or onto a body surface
    exocrine gland
  6. (lipids) type of organic molecule including complex rings of carbon and hydrogen atoms;
    all are derived from cholesterol;
    includes sex hormones such as testosterone and the estrogens, and secretions of the adrenal cortex, aldosterone and cortisol
    Steroid Hormones
  7. hormones called amines;
    derived from the amino acid tyrosine;
    synthesized in the adrenal medulla (inner portion of the adrenal gland);
    include: protien hormones, peptide hormones, prostglandins
    Nonsteroid Hormones
  8. a steroid hormone;
    action: stimulate the kidneys to retain sodium
  9. a second messenger
    cAMP (cyclic adenosine monophosphate)
  10. organic compound that activates an enzyme bound to the inner surface of a cell membrane, eliciting a signal
    G Protien
  11. enzyme activate when certian hormones bind receptors on cell membranes;
    it catalyzes the circularization of ATP to cyclic AMP/cAMP
    adenylate cyclase
  12. enzyme that catalyzes the reaction to form a phosphoprotein
    protien kinases
  13. a mechanisim that restores a biochemical or other balance in which build up of a product supresses its synthesis
    negative feedback
  14. a hormone that has an endocrine gland as its target tissue
    tropic hormones
  15. endocrine gland attached to the base of the brain that consists of anterior and posterior lobes;
    the hypophysis
    pg 492
    pituitary gland
  16. hormone released by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that promotes the growth of the organism
    growth hormone
  17. protein that promotes milk production
  18. glycoprotein that controls certain hormones from the thyroid gland;
    can also stimulate growth of the thyroid gland;
    abnormally high levels lead to goiter
    Thyroid stimulating hormone (aka - thyrotropin)
  19. peptide that controls the manufacture and secretion of certain hormones from the outer layer (cortex) of the adrenal gland
    adrenocorticotropic hormone
  20. glycoprotein;
    substance secreted by the anterior pituitary gland to stimulate development of an ovarian follicle in a femal or production of sperm cells in a male
    p 497
    follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
  21. a hormone that the anterior pituitary secretes that controls formation of the corpus luteum in females and testosterone secretion in males
    luteinizing hormone