Ochem-CH21-COOHs

The flashcards below were created by user lukemlj on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  2. Image Upload
    Acyl phosphate
  3. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  4. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  5. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  6. Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution Reaction
    Image Upload
  7. Nomenclature
    Image Upload
    Image Upload
  8. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  9. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  10. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  11. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  12. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  13. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  14. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  15. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  16. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  17. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  18. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  19. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  20. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  21. An Sn2 reaction occurs in how many steps? A nucleophilic acyl substitution occurs in how many steps?
    One. Two.
  22. Describe the mechanism for an Sn2 reaction.
    Describe the mechanism for a nucleophilic acyl substitution.
    • Backside displacement of the leaving group.
    • Tetrahedral intermediate.
  23. In a nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction, ___ carbonyl groups are more reactive.
    unhindered
  24. In a nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction, ___ acyl compounds are more reactive.
    strongly polarized
  25. List the order of reactivty for acid chlorides, amides, esters, thioesters, and acid anhydrides.
    Acid chloride, acid anhydride, thioester, ester, amide.
  26. Hydrolysis
    Water to carboxylic acid
  27. Alcoholysis
    alcohol to ester
  28. Aminolysis
    ammonia or ari amine to amide
  29. Reduction
    Reaction with hydride reducing agent to aldehyde or alcohol
  30. Grignard Reaction
    Reaction with an organometallic reagent to a ketone or an alcohol
  31. Image Upload
    Image Upload+ SO2 + HCl
  32. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  33. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  34. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  35. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  36. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  37. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  38. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  39. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  40. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  41. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  42. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  43. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  44. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  45. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  46. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  47. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  48. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  49. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  50. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  51. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  52. What are the most common carboxylic acid derivatives in the lab?
    acid halides, acid anyhydrides, esters, and amides
  53. What are the most common carboxylic acid derivatives in biological molecules?
    thioesters and acyl phosphates
  54. What reaction dominates carboxylic acid derivatives?
    nucleophilic acyl substitution
  55. What are examples of step-growth polymers?
    polyamides and polyesters
  56. How are polyamides formed?
    Reaction between a diacid and a diamine
  57. How are polyesters formed?
    Reaction between a diacid and a diol.
  58. Image Upload
    Image UploadImage Upload
  59. Image Upload
    Image UploadImage Upload
  60. Image Upload
    Image UploadImage Upload
  61. Image Upload
    Image UploadImage Upload
  62. Image Upload
    Image UploadImage Upload
Author:
lukemlj
ID:
75603
Card Set:
Ochem-CH21-COOHs
Updated:
2011-04-25 11:18:03
Tags:
Ochem CH21 carboxylic acid derivatives
Folders:

Description:
Ochem-CH21- carboxylic acid derivatives
Show Answers: