Chapter 10

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bzmom5
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757
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Chapter 10
Updated:
2009-11-04 12:24:18
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nails basic chemistry
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Basic Chemistry related to nail
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  1. Without ______, most nail services would not be possible.
    chemistry
  2. Why is it important to have a basic knowledge of chemistry?
    To use professional products safely and effectively
  3. What is chemistry?
    the science that deals with composition, structures, and properties of matter and how matter changes under different conditions.
  4. What is organic chemistry?
    study of substances that contain carbon
  5. All living things, whether they are plant or animal, contain _____?
    carbon
  6. What is inorganic chemistry?
    Study of substances that do not contain carbon
  7. Any substance that occupies space is called ___?
    matter
  8. All ______ has physical properties that we can _, _ , _____?
    touch, taste, and smell
  9. WE can also see some forms of e energy such as ___ & __?
    light and sparks
  10. What is a element?
    simplest form of matter
  11. There are _____ naturally occuriring elementss, each wit its own distinctive _____ & _____ properties.
    90; physical and chemical
  12. Elements are differentiated by the _______
    structure of their atoms
  13. All matter is composed of ______
    atoms
  14. When two or more atoms are joined together, they form a _______
    molecule
  15. When two or more elements are chemically joined together, they form a ________
    compound molecule
  16. Three forms of matter
    liquid, solid, and gas
  17. Two examples of chemical changes are the oxidation of ______ and the polymerization of _____________
    hair color; acrylic enhancements
  18. What is a physical mixture?
    a physical combination of matter. The combined properties of the substances in the mixture.
  19. What is a pure substance?
    a chemical combo of matter in definate proportions
  20. Physical mixtures that contain two or more different substances are called?
    solutions, suspensions, or emulsions
  21. A stable mixture of two or more mixable substances is called a _?
    solution
  22. What is a substance dissolved in a solution called?
    solute
  23. What is a substance that dissolves a solution called>
    solvent
  24. Miscible liquids are ________ soluble, which means that they can be mixed.
    murtually
  25. define immiscible
    not capable of being mixed
  26. What is it called when two or more substances unite with the aid of a binder?
    emulsion
  27. What is surfactant a contraction for?
    surface active agents
  28. two parts of surfactant
    hydropholic: water loving & lipopholic: oil loving
  29. An atom or molecule that carries an electrical charge?
    Ion
  30. What causes an atom or molecule to split in two, creating a pair of ions with opposite electrical charges?
    Ionization
  31. An ion with a negative electrical charge
    aniom
  32. An ion with a positive electrical charge?
    cation
  33. Only products that contain __________ can have a pH.
    water
  34. The pH of any substance is always a balance of ________ & __________ .
    acid and alkaline
  35. Why does pure water have a neutral pH?
    The acid and alkaline are in equal balance.
  36. In pH, the hydrogen ion is __________
    acidic (H+)
  37. In pH, the hydroxide ion is ____________
    alkaline (OH)
  38. On pH scale, the lower the number the more ________________ the substance.
    acidic
  39. On pH scale, the higher the number the more _______________ the substance.
    alkaline
  40. What term is interchangeable with alkali?
    base
  41. Define VOC
    compounds containing carbon that evaporate quickly. volatile organic compounds.
  42. Define anion
    negatively charged ion
  43. alkanolamines
    substances that neutralize acids
  44. exothermic
    chemical reaction producing heat
  45. Water-in-oil-emulsion
    water droplets suspended in oil base
  46. oxidizing agent
    substance that releases oxygen

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