Card Set Information
nails basic chemistry
Basic Chemistry related to nail
Without ______, most nail services would not be possible.
Why is it important to have a basic knowledge of chemistry?
To use professional products safely and effectively
What is chemistry?
the science that deals with composition, structures, and properties of matter and how matter changes under different conditions.
What is organic chemistry?
study of substances that contain carbon
All living things, whether they are plant or animal, contain _____?
What is inorganic chemistry?
Study of substances that do not contain carbon
Any substance that occupies space is called ___?
All ______ has physical properties that we can _, _ , _____?
touch, taste, and smell
WE can also see some forms of e energy such as ___ & __?
light and sparks
What is a element?
simplest form of matter
There are _____ naturally occuriring elementss, each wit its own distinctive _____ & _____ properties.
90; physical and chemical
Elements are differentiated by the _______
structure of their atoms
All matter is composed of ______
When two or more atoms are joined together, they form a _______
When two or more elements are chemically joined together, they form a ________
Three forms of matter
liquid, solid, and gas
Two examples of chemical changes are the oxidation of ______ and the polymerization of _____________
hair color; acrylic enhancements
What is a physical mixture?
a physical combination of matter. The combined properties of the substances in the mixture.
What is a pure substance?
a chemical combo of matter in definate proportions
Physical mixtures that contain two or more different substances are called?
solutions, suspensions, or emulsions
A stable mixture of two or more mixable substances is called a _?
What is a substance dissolved in a solution called?
What is a substance that dissolves a solution called>
Miscible liquids are ________ soluble, which means that they can be mixed.
not capable of being mixed
What is it called when two or more substances unite with the aid of a binder?
What is surfactant a contraction for?
surface active agents
two parts of surfactant
hydropholic: water loving & lipopholic: oil loving
An atom or molecule that carries an electrical charge?
What causes an atom or molecule to split in two, creating a pair of ions with opposite electrical charges?
An ion with a negative electrical charge
An ion with a positive electrical charge?
Only products that contain __________ can have a pH.
The pH of any substance is always a balance of ________ & __________ .
acid and alkaline
Why does pure water have a neutral pH?
The acid and alkaline are in equal balance.
In pH, the hydrogen ion is __________
In pH, the hydroxide ion is ____________
On pH scale, the lower the number the more ________________ the substance.
On pH scale, the higher the number the more _______________ the substance.
What term is interchangeable with alkali?
compounds containing carbon that evaporate quickly. volatile organic compounds.
negatively charged ion
substances that neutralize acids
chemical reaction producing heat
water droplets suspended in oil base
substance that releases oxygen