Civil Rights Movement

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Civil Rights Movement
2012-03-01 08:13:43
Civil Rights

Civil Rights Movement Flashcards
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  1. *Head of SCLC
    *Organized bus boycott
    *Involved in Selma marches
    *Believed in nonviolent protest
    *Received Nobel Peace Prize in 1964
    *Assassinated in 1968
    Martin Luther King, Jr.
  2. *Georgia governor who won in special election after 3 governors controversy

    *Most of his legacy in education

    *Was a segregationist and had white supremacy views.
    Herman Talmadge
  3. *Georgia governor (1967-1971)
    *Believed in segregation
    *Fought federal civil rights efforts
    *Encouraged people to have children enroll in private school rather than integrate
    *Ended up appointing more blacks than other governors.
    Lester Maddox
  4. *Mentor and teacher to MLK
    *President of Morehouse College.
    *Believed in nonviolence
    *Went to India and met Ghandi
    Benjamin Mays
  5. *Head NAACP lawyer with key victories
    *NAACP lawyer in Brown case
    *First black justice of Supreme Court
    Thurgood Marshall
  6. *First two blacks admitted to the University of GAGA
    *Governor Vandiver supported the decision of them entering, although he ran being against integration
    *Both went on to successful careers:
    Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes
  7. *1st black mayor of major Southern city
    *1st black mayor of Atlanta in 1973
    Maynard Jackson
  8. *First black congressman from Georgia since reconstruction
    *Ambassador to the United Nations
    *Elected mayor of Atlanta 1982
    *Helped Atlanta win bid for 1996 Olympics
    Andrew Young
  9. *Began when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus
    *Led by MLK Jr.Boycotted bus system for over a year
    Montgomery Bus Boycott
  10. *Began when elected Gov. Eugene Talmadge died before taking office
    *Supreme Ct. ruled newly elected Lt. Gov. Thompson was governor, but special election would be held
    *Herman Talmadge then elected (who legislature wanted as gov.)
    Three Governors Controversy
  11. *Movement in a southern Georgia city that included members of the SNCC and civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr.
    *They protested unfair segregation laws and were arrested by the police and place in jails in neighboring counties.
    *Movement eventually died out.
    Albany Movement
  12. *Largest political protest rally (more than 250,000 people attended).
    *Goal to convince President to sign Civil Rights Bill
    *MLK Jr. gave “I have a dream” speech
    *This event helped pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
    March on Washington
  13. *Formed in Georgia
    *Goal to discover how people felt about integration
    *Found people would rather close schools than integrate
    Sibley Commission
  14. *Southern Christian Leadership Conference
    *Founded in 1957 by MLK
    *Leaders preached love and nonviolence
    *Important role in many campaigns 1957 to 1965
  15. *Supreme Court decision that desegregated public school in 1954
    *NAACP chief lawyer Thurgood Marshall argued the case
    *Unanimous ruling from Warren Court
    Brown v. Board of Education
  16. *1956 new GA flag approved
    *After Brown decision, some saw it as protest of desegregation
    *Others said it reflected heritage
    *Changed in 2001 and then again in 2003
    Georgia 1956 flag
  17. * Signed by Lyndon Johnson…tougher bill than JFK proposed
    * Outlawed discrimination and segregation based on race, nationality, and gender.
    * This act would punish states that continued the practice of segregation by not providing federal funds to states.
    Civil Rights Act 1964
  18. *Groups of black and white students who organized nonviolent protests, boycotts, sit-ins, marches, and freedom rides in order to challenge the unfair segregation laws in the South.
    *Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee