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*Head of SCLC
*Organized bus boycott
*Involved in Selma marches
*Believed in nonviolent protest
*Received Nobel Peace Prize in 1964
*Assassinated in 1968
Martin Luther King, Jr.
*Georgia governor who won in special election after 3 governors controversy
*Most of his legacy in education
*Was a segregationist and had white supremacy views.
*Georgia governor (1967-1971)
*Believed in segregation
*Fought federal civil rights efforts
*Encouraged people to have children enroll in private school rather than integrate
*Ended up appointing more blacks than other governors.
*Mentor and teacher to MLK
*President of Morehouse College.
*Believed in nonviolence
*Went to India and met Ghandi
*Head NAACP lawyer with key victories
*NAACP lawyer in Brown case
*First black justice of Supreme Court
*First two blacks admitted to the University of GAGA
*Governor Vandiver supported the decision of them entering, although he ran being against integration
*Both went on to successful careers:
Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes
*1st black mayor of major Southern city
*1st black mayor of Atlanta in 1973
*First black congressman from Georgia since reconstruction
*Ambassador to the United Nations
*Elected mayor of Atlanta 1982
*Helped Atlanta win bid for 1996 Olympics
*Began when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus
*Led by MLK Jr.Boycotted bus system for over a year
Montgomery Bus Boycott
*Began when elected Gov. Eugene Talmadge died before taking office
*Supreme Ct. ruled newly elected Lt. Gov. Thompson was governor, but special election would be held
*Herman Talmadge then elected (who legislature wanted as gov.)
Three Governors Controversy
*Movement in a southern Georgia city that included members of the SNCC and civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr.
*They protested unfair segregation laws and were arrested by the police and place in jails in neighboring counties.
*Movement eventually died out.
*Largest political protest rally (more than 250,000 people attended).
*Goal to convince President to sign Civil Rights Bill
*MLK Jr. gave “I have a dream” speech
*This event helped pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
March on Washington
*Formed in Georgia
*Goal to discover how people felt about integration
*Found people would rather close schools than integrate
*Southern Christian Leadership Conference
*Founded in 1957 by MLK
*Leaders preached love and nonviolence
*Important role in many campaigns 1957 to 1965
*Supreme Court decision that desegregated public school in 1954
*NAACP chief lawyer Thurgood Marshall argued the case
*Unanimous ruling from Warren Court
Brown v. Board of Education
*1956 new GA flag approved
*After Brown decision, some saw it as protest of desegregation
*Others said it reflected heritage
*Changed in 2001 and then again in 2003
Georgia 1956 flag
* Signed by Lyndon Johnson…tougher bill than JFK proposed
* Outlawed discrimination and segregation based on race, nationality, and gender.
* This act would punish states that continued the practice of segregation by not providing federal funds to states.
Civil Rights Act 1964
*Groups of black and white students who organized nonviolent protests, boycotts, sit-ins, marches, and freedom rides in order to challenge the unfair segregation laws in the South.
*Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee