History Ch. 24 and 25

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History Ch. 24 and 25
2011-03-28 22:37:27
history terms

between world war I and world war II
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  1. League of Nations
    all the European countries and the United States settled disputes and avoided war
  2. Reparations
    payment made to the victors by the vanquished to cover the costs of a war
  3. German Inflation
    • the German's went on strike and did not work because they did not want to pay the reparations
    • had encountered financial problems
    • they kept printing money for the people on strike
    • led to inflation of the country
  4. The Great Depression
    • a period of low economic activity and rising unemployment
    • a series of downturns in the economies of individual nations
    • international financial crisis involving the U.S. stock market
  5. Weimar Republic
    • created in Germany as a democratic state
    • had no outstanding leaders
    • faced serious economic problems
    • the Great Depression then struck Germany
  6. John Maynard Keynes
    • British economist
    • published General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money
    • claimed that government should not get involved in a depression and let it be fixed itself
    • he believed unemployment came from a decline in demand
  7. Franklin Delano Roosevelt
    • realized capitalism needed to be reformed
    • pursued a policy of active government intervention in the economy known as the New Deal
  8. New Deal
    • increase program of public works
    • provided reforms that prevented a social revolt in U.S.
    • did not solve unemployment problems
  9. Totalitarian State
    a government that has control over political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens
  10. Fascism
    glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for a strong central government led by a dictatorial leader
  11. Mussolini
    established first European fascist movement in Italy
  12. National Socialist German Workers' Party
    • Nazi
    • nationalist party
    • taken over by Adolf Hitler
    • grew to have complete control over Germany
  13. Adolf Hitler
    • developed ideas at a young age and they stayed them with him his whole life
    • his ideas where racism or anti-semitism
    • extreme nationalist
    • knew how to use propaganda and terror
  14. Concentration Camps
    • also know as death camps
    • Jews were sent there to work or usually die
  15. Surrealism
    sought reality beyond the material world and found it in the world of the unconscious
  16. Civil Disobedience
    refusal to obey laws considered to be unjust
  17. Sun Yat-sen
    • leader of Nationalists in China
    • needed expertise that Soviet Union could provide
    • anti-imperialist words alienated many Western powers
  18. Genocide/Ethnic Cleansing
    • the deliberate mass murder of a particular racial, political, or cultural group
    • also know as ethnic cleansing
  19. Ataturk
    • was President Kemal
    • wanted to form Turkey into a modern state
    • democratic system put into place
  20. Good Neighbor Policy
    rejected the use of U.S. military in Latin America