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Define organic compounds
- Any molecules that contain atoms from carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
- E.g. Glucose is organic because the formula is C6H12O6
- For carbon to become stable, it must gain 4 more electrons (4 more bonds)
- This allows for the molecule to have a complex structure as the 'back-bone'
3 Point to Remember about Functional Groups
- 1) They are the reactive portion of the molecules
- 2) They are specific arrangements of atoms that confers the characteristic chemical properties upon organic molecules
- 3) Molecules with the same FG tend to act the same with similar properties
1) Is a component in: C_______
2) How many bonds does it form?
3) Is the backbone of what time of molecules?
4) It's atomic number is...
- 1) Carbohydrates
- Nucleic Acids
1) Small, organic molecules are called...
2) What is combined to form polymers?
3) What is a polymer?
4) When polymers join together, what are these molecules called?
3) A long molecule consisting of many monomers which are linked by covalent bonds
What happens during Dehydration Synthesis? (anabolic/synthesis)
two molecules are bonded through the removal of water
Describe Hydrolysis Reaction
The covalent bonds between monomers are broken by the addition of water molecules.
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