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2011-03-29 09:54:07
Organic Compounds

Week 4 - Organic Compounds I
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  1. Define organic compounds
    • Any molecules that contain atoms from carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
    • E.g. Glucose is organic because the formula is C6H12O6

  2. Carbon Backbone
    • For carbon to become stable, it must gain 4 more electrons (4 more bonds)
    • This allows for the molecule to have a complex structure as the 'back-bone'
  3. 3 Point to Remember about Functional Groups
    • 1) They are the reactive portion of the molecules
    • 2) They are specific arrangements of atoms that confers the characteristic chemical properties upon organic molecules
    • 3) Molecules with the same FG tend to act the same with similar properties
  4. Carbon:
    1) Is a component in: C_______
    N_____ A_____
    2) How many bonds does it form?
    3) Is the backbone of what time of molecules?
    4) It's atomic number is...
    • 1) Carbohydrates
    • Lipids
    • Nucleic Acids
    • Protein

    • 2) Four
    • 3) Organic
    • 4) 6
  5. Macromolecules
    1) Small, organic molecules are called...
    2) What is combined to form polymers?
    3) What is a polymer?
    4) When polymers join together, what are these molecules called?
    1) Monomers

    2) Monomers

    3) A long molecule consisting of many monomers which are linked by covalent bonds

    4) Macromolecule
  6. What happens during Dehydration Synthesis? (anabolic/synthesis)
    two molecules are bonded through the removal of water
  7. Describe Hydrolysis Reaction
    The covalent bonds between monomers are broken by the addition of water molecules.

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