A&P Chapt 9 Quiz

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A&P Chapt 9 Quiz
2011-03-29 03:33:05

A&P Chapt 9 Quiz
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  1. If a structural classification is used, joints are named according to the type of _____ tissue that joins the bones together.
  2. Synarthrotic joints are:
    not moveable/immovable
  3. Synovial/Diarthrosis joints are:
    • moveable
    • most common
  4. Amphiarthrosis joints are:
    slightly moveable
  5. Types of Synarthrosis joints:
    • Syndesmoses: Connect 2 bones
    • Sutures: only in skull
    • Gompheses: inbetween tooth root and aveolar process
  6. Types of Amphiarthrosis joints:
    • Synchondroses: hyaline cartilage between articulating bones
    • Symphesos: joined by fibrocartilage-pad or disk of fibrocartilage (Ex. TMJ, Spine)
  7. Types of Diarthrosis joints
    • Uniaxial: permit movement around only one axis and one plane (Ex. Hinge and pivot)
    • Biaxial: permit movement 2 perpend. axes in 2 perp. planes (Ex. Saddle and Condyloid/Ankle)
    • Multiaxial: permits movement around 3 or more axes in 3 or more planes (Ex. Shoulder)
  8. Name three structures that characterize synovial/diarthrosis joints
    • Ligaments
    • Joint capsule
    • Articular cartilage
  9. The shoulder joint is an example of a _____ joint
    • Multiaxial
    • Freely moveable
    • Ball and Socket
  10. Which of the following is an example of a uniaxial joint
    Elbow joint
  11. Some synovial joints contain a closed pillow-like structure called a
  12. The largest and most commonly injured joint in the body is the _____ joint
  13. The structure of the knee joint permits movements of
    Flexion and extension
  14. The joints between the articulating surfaces of the vertebral processes are classified as what type of joint
  15. The ____ is the only bone that doesn't articulate with carpal bones
  16. What carpometacarpal joint is unique and important, what makes such?
    • Thumb:
    • Opposition most important movement
    • Saddle-shaped articular surface
  17. Anything you can do with the carpal (carpometacarpal and metacarpohalangeal)
    You can do with the tarsal
  18. Adduction
    toward the body
  19. Abduction
    away from the body (abducted by aliens)
  20. 2 Types of Foot flexion
    • Plantar flexion: down (plant toes)
    • Dorsiflexion: up
  21. Supination
    palm up (holding "soup")
  22. Pronation
    palm down
  23. Change in GAIT
    the way you hold yourself
  24. Hand is reason for upper extremity; _____ is reason for hand
  25. Inversion
    pressure on ball of foot
  26. Eversion
    pressure on outside of foot
  27. Flexion
    decreases the angle
  28. Extension
    increases the angle
  29. Hyperextension
    extending beyond anatomical position
  30. Wrist joint
    Radialcarpal joint
  31. Elbow joint
    Humeradial joint
  32. Humeroscapular joint
  33. Sprain usually hurts worse than a break because
    nerves are invloved in a sprain