Card Set Information
Cards for Vocal Ped Test #3: Resonance
How does sound travel?
In waves created by compression and rarefaction of air molecules.
Loss of energy in each successive cycle of C/R
Volume of air being moved by each cycle of C/R
Measurement of cycle frequency within a specific time
Enhances, amplifies, and sustains sound
Sympathectic Vibrating Sources of Feedback
Sound Character Determined by:
Sound Character Size
Larger = darker
Smaller = brighter
Sound Character Surface/Composition
Harder enhances closer to resonator formant
Softer dampens, decays more quickly
Sound Character Aperture
Open = brighter
Closed = darker
Sound Character Shape
: all enhanced
: determined by length
: determined by aperture
Sound Character Combined Resonators
Pharynx & Mouth + Nasal Cavity
Regular, repeating sound waves (vowels)
Irregular pattern (consonants)
Vibration recipe/acoustic mix of sounds
a. Region of frequencies in which there is a greater acoustic energy
b. Natural resonance frequency of a vocal tract
In what direction can the laynx move?
Up or Down
How do the lips move?
Open or Close
How can the velum or soft palate be adjusted?
Up or Down
How can the tongue be adjusted?
Foward or Backwards
High or Low
4 Resonator Fauls
What causes Post-Nasality or Honk?
The velum being too low and too limp
What can be used to identify Post Nasality or Honk?
Listen for muddled consonants
Have student hold nose while singing (can they still sing?)
What exercises can be used to fix Post Nasality or Honk?
The velum needs to be raised
Pretend hot potatoes are in mouth
What causes Twang?
Constriction or tension in pharynx
How can one identify Twang?
Tense when traveling through range
Can sing low notes, but has trouble with high pitches
What exercises can be used to fix Twang?
Student must learn to relax
Sing a relaxed "v"
Sighing or "oo"
: yawn vs. swallowing
What causes a voice to be Too Mouth-Oriented?
Tongue is high
Soft Palate is too low
How can a singer be identified as having Too Mouth-Oriented of a voice?
Sound is all in mouth
Can only sing in middle range
What exercises can be used to fix a voice that is Too Mouth-Oriented?
Lower Tongue/Raise Soft Palate
Julia Child voice
What causes a voice to be Too Throat-Oriented?
Pharynx is too low
Tongue is too low
Mouth is too closed
Bad access to nasal port
What identifies a vocalist as having a voice that is Too Throat-Oriented?
Lots of tension
What exercises can be used to fix a voice that is Too Throat-Oriented?
Sing on "ng"
Raising & Lowering Larynx
Quick scales for relaxation & flexibility
Calluses on vocal chords
3 Parts of the Pharynx
How does the size of the Pharynx change?
By moving the Larynx
What determines Aperture?
What type of muscle are the lips?
You cannot adjust diction...
...without having an impact on resonance.
Vibrator does not have contact with resonator (eg. chest)
Vibrator has contact with resonator (harder products are better conductors)
Resonator must have: