(Title VII) situations in which an employer has treated an individual differently because of the person's race, sex, color, religion, or national origin. first, the plaintiff must show prima facie case (a case strong enough to create a presumption of discrimination and to require a counterargument from the defendant). then, the employer must prove the decision was legitimate, nondiscriminatory reasons. the plaintiff then must show, she applied and was qualified, is a member of a protected class, and was rejected, and the employer attempted to fill the job. then the employer rejects and the plaintiff must show discrimination actually occurred.