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4 long term causes
1 immediate cause
assassination of archduke franz ferdinand
4 immediate effects
- -generation of europeans is wounded or killed
- -dynasties fall in Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary
- -new countries
- -league of nations
2 long term effects
- -nations unhappy with peace settlements
- -forces that caused war (nationalism, competition, etc.) still exist
3 new countries
Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia
Ethnic conflict in what region helps start war
war originally known as
the great war
Dates - beginning, Russia out, U.s. in, Armistance treaty
1914, 1917, 1917, 1918
France + G.B + Russia =
Germany + A/H + Italy =
Glorification of war
what development in the world made WWI possible?
germany, A/H, bulgaria, ottoman empire
Britain, france, russia, japan, italy
describe western front
stalemate, trench warfare, miserable
discuss schlieffen plan
germany would quickly take out france and rush to east before russia broke in
why is the 1st battle of Marne important?
left schlieffen plan in ruins, turned tide of battle
discuss trench warfare
masses of soldiers lay in trenches and attack each other, little territorial gain.
discuss eastern front
mass slaughter of Russians
why was russia at a disadvantage?
what brought u.s. into war?
germany was sinking our trading ships
discuss total war
devoting all resources to war at expense of citizens
people can only buy limited amounts of certain supplies used in war
one-sided info to persuade and keep up morale
- 15 mil:
- 8 mil soldiers
- 7 mil civilians
what role did women play?
replaced men at all jobs outside of war, nurses in war
significance of 2nd battle of marne?
what countries involved in peace?
U.s., france, britain, italian
not: germany, russia, a/h
Wilsons plan objective?
peace without victory
- u.s.: Wilson
- france: clemenceau
- britain: george
- Italy: orlando
european allies plan?
part of wilsons plan that was included in treaty?
league of nations
why was the euro allies plan different than the U.S.'s?
different war experience
did u.s. join league of nations?
no, wanted to practice neutrality, not get tied up in alliances. free trade
Treaty of versaille?
- league of nations
- germany gives up colonies
- pay war reparations
- guilt clause
2nd battle of marne?
1st significant U.S. action, last major German offensive