Ch 23

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Author:
Gandrews
ID:
76092
Filename:
Ch 23
Updated:
2011-03-29 21:50:58
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legal implications
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Description:
legal implications in nursing practice
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  1. Stat law. Protects the rights of disabled people. Most extensive law on how employees must treat health care workers and client infected with HIV
    ADA
  2. Stat law. Provides that when a client comes to the ED or hospital, and appropriate medical screening occurs within the hospital's copacity. No patient dumping
    Emergency Medical Treatment and Active labor Act
  3. Stat law. Forbids health plans from placing lifetime or annual limits on mental
    health coverage that are less generous than those placed on medical or
    surgical benefits.
    Mental Health Parity Act
  4. Stat law.Includes living will, and durable power of attorney
    Advanced directives
  5. Represent writtend documents that direct treatment in accordance with a client's wishes in the event of a terminal illness or condition.
    Living wills
  6. a legal document that designates a person or persons of one's choosing to make health care decisions when the client is no longer able to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
    Durable power of attorney
  7. True or False. You are required by law to ask if they have any advanced directives upon admission to the hospital.
    True
  8. If a pt does have advanced directives, what should the nurse do upon admission of the client?
    Ask for a copy of the advanced directives, and put it in the medical record.
  9. Stat law. An individual who is at least 18 years of age has the right to make organ donations. Adhere to the clients if thy want to donate their body to science
    UAGA. Uniform Anatomical Gift Act
  10. The right of clients to keep info about themselves from being disclosed.
    HIPPA
  11. Name 3 conditions in which restraints can be used
    Only to ensure the safety of the pt or other residents, when less restrictive intereventions are not successful, ony on the written order of a physician or health care provider
  12. Providing emergency assistance at an accident scene. Protects nurses who help.
    Good smaritan laws
  13. Reporting laws for communicable diseases, school immunizations, and laws intended to promote health. purpose is for the protection of public health
    Public health laws
  14. Health care providers can use either the cardiopulmonary or the whole brain definition to determine death
    The unifrom dertermination of death act
  15. Death act. Requires irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions
    Cardiopulmonary standard
  16. Death act. Requires irreversible cessation of all functions of the entire brain, including the brain stem
    Whole-brain standard
  17. when a pt dies, it need to be charted by how many nurses?
    Two, and the name of the second RN needs to be charted in the notes of the primary nurse.
  18. Illegal act that assists pt in dying
    Physician assissted suicide.
  19. a civil wrong made against a person or property
    tort
  20. willful acts that violate anothers rights
    intentional torts
  21. threat to bring about harmful or offensive contact
    assault
  22. intentional touching without consent
    Battery
  23. Unjustified restraining of a person without legal warrant
    False imprisonment
  24. If a pt wants to leave before the time of proper discharge, the nurse should do what?
    have the pt sign a AMA and inform the pt of all the consequences of their leaving such as a return visit for the same problem could not be covered by insurance.
  25. types include invasion or privacy, malice, slander, libel
    Quasi-intentional
  26. verbalization of the false statement
    slander
  27. the person publishing the info know it is false and publishes it anyway
    Malice
  28. Written defamation of character
    Libel
  29. Unentional torts
    Negligence, Malpractice
  30. Conduct that falls below the standard of care. not doing something that you should have done.
    Negligence
  31. the failure to use that degree of skill or learning ordinarily used under the same or similar circumstances by members of the nursing profession. ex would be a nurse owing a client a duty and not carrying out that duty which resulted in client injury
    Malpractice
  32. What is required for all routine treatment, hazardous procedures, some treatment programs and research for involving clients?
    A signed consent
  33. True or false. You can have a family member interpret for a client?
    false!
  34. Who is responsible for explaining the procedure?
    the physician
  35. nurses need to witness for the consent of a procedure...
    the signing for the consent form
  36. What should the nurse do when they float to antother area of the hospital
    Let the charge nurse know what thier skills are
  37. How does a nurse take a telephone order
    Dr.'s name, repeat it back and order verification by the physician within 24 hours. Date, time and sticker
  38. True or false. Nurses never document in the client's medical record that an occurrence report was completed?
    True
  39. Describes and defines the legal boundaries of nursing practice within each state. also establishes educaitional requirements for nurses and defines the scope of practice for nurses.
    the nurse practice act

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