GlyLab1

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Author:
hydeab
ID:
76103
Filename:
GlyLab1
Updated:
2011-03-30 01:05:21
Tags:
Geology
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Description:
Geology Lab
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  1. 2. Chalcopyrite
    • CuFeS2- ore of copper, iron
    • metallic luster/ H<glass/ no cleavage
    • tarnished brassy yellow (greenish); uneven fracture
    • green black streak
  2. 3. Magnetite
    • FeO3- iron
    • Submetallic/nonmetallic luster
    • H>glass/no cleavage
    • black; submetallic, almost vitreous luster; uneven fracture
    • black streak
  3. 5. Pyrite
    • FeS2- iron
    • metallic luster/ H>glass/ no cleavage
    • brass yellow; cubic crystals common; uneven fracture
    • black streak
  4. 6. Sphalerite
    • ZnS- ore of zinc
    • nonmetallic/ submetallic luster
    • H<glass/ cleavage
    • yellowish brown; resinous luster; 6-way cleavage
    • white to yellow
  5. 7. Hematite
    • Fe2O3- lead
    • metallic/nonmetallic/submetallic luster
    • H>glass/ no cleavage
    • steel grey to red-brown; metallic to earthy luster; uneven fracture
    • red-brown streak
  6. 8. Galena
    • PbS- copper
    • metallic luster/ H<glass/ cleavage
    • blue-grey; 3-way cubic cleavage; heavy
    • dark grey streak
  7. 9. Malachite
    • Cu2(OH2)(CO3)2- copper
    • nonmetallic/ submetallic luster
    • H<glass/ no cleavage
    • green; vitreous to earthy luster; conchoidal fracture; found with azurite
    • green streak
  8. 10. Azurite
    • Cu3(OH2)(CO3)2-copper
    • nonmetallic/ submetallic luster
    • H<glass/ no cleavage
    • blue; vitreous to earthy luster; uneven fracture; found with malachite
    • blue streak
  9. 11. Bauxite
    • hydrated Al oxides- aluminum
    • nonmetallic/ submetallic luster
    • H<glass/ no cleavage
    • tan to brownish red; earthy luster; small, spherical masses
    • variable streak
  10. 12. Copper
    • Cu- copper
    • metallic luster/H<glass/ no cleavage
    • copper red brown, tarnishes green; uneven fracture; globular sheets
    • metallic brown streak
  11. 14. Pyrophyite
    • refactory
    • non-metals/ H<glass/ cleavage
    • white to greyish white; pearly to dull luster; needlelike radiating crystals; 1-way cleavage
  12. 15. Quartz
    • glass, computer chips
    • non metal/ H>glass/ no cleavage
    • clear to varied colors; vitreous
  13. 16. Calcite
    • cement
    • nonmetals/ H<glass/ cleavage
    • reacts with HCL
  14. 17. Gypsum
    • fertilizer, plaster of paris, cement
    • nonmetals/ H<glass/ cleavage
    • white, pink or clear; vitreous, silky, or earthy luster; 1-way cleavage or uneven fracture
  15. 18. Talc
    • cosemetics, filler, soap
    • nonmentals/ H<glass/ cleavage
    • white to green; pearly to greasy or waxy luster; greasy or slick feel; 1-way cleavage
  16. 19. Sulfur
    • fertilizer, explosives
    • nonmetals/ H<glass/ no cleavage
    • yellow uneven fracture; adamantine to dull luster
  17. 20. Felspar
    • ceramics
    • nonmetals/ H>glass/ cleavage
    • whie, pink, or grey; vitreous to dull luster; 2-way luster; 2-way cleavage at right angles
  18. 21. Garnet
    • abrasive
    • nonmetal/ H>glass/ non cleavage
    • usually red; vitreous; 12-sided crystals (appear spherical)
  19. 22. Fluorite
    • flux in aluminum production
    • nonmetals/ H<glass/ cleavage
    • clear, purple, reddish, green; 4-way cleavage; vitreous to greasy luster
  20. 23. Halite
    • salt
    • nonmetals/ H<glass/ cleavage
    • clear to grey; 3-way cubic cleavage; vitreous; salty taste
  21. 25. Graphite
    • pencils, lubricant
    • nonmetals/ H<glass/ cleavage
    • black to metallic grey; 1-ways cleavage; submetallic luster; greasy feel
  22. 28. Kyanite
    • refactory, spark plugs
    • nonmetals/ H<glass and H>glass
    • blue; elongated, columnar crystals; vitreous to pearly luster; 2-way cleavage
  23. 29. Apatite
    • fertilizer
    • nonmetals/ H<glass/ no cleavage
    • green to yellow and reddish; vitreous, silky, or earthy luster; 1-way cleavage or uneven fracture

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