Anatomy Chapter 27

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LaizyDaizy79
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76105
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Anatomy Chapter 27
Updated:
2011-04-11 23:03:41
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Human Anatomy
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Circulatory System, Part 3
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  1. What artery is the main arterial supply of the upper extremity?
    subclavian artery
  2. What is the lateral border of the subclavian artery?
    lateral border of the first rib
  3. What artery extends from the lateral border of the first rib to the inferior border of the teres major?
    axillary artery
  4. What arteries form an anastomosis around the surgical neck of the humerus?
    humeral circumflex arteries
  5. What artery extends from the inferior border of the teres major to its bifurcation in the cubital fossa?
    brachial artery
  6. What artery supplies the triceps brachii and other posterior structures of the brachium?
    deep brachial artery
  7. What are the two main arteries of the forearm?
    ulnar & radial artery
  8. What artery of the forearm is readily palpated for a pulse?
    radial artery
  9. What are the two anastomoses that lie within the palm and supply the hand?
    superficial palmar arch & deep palmar arch
  10. What are the two groups of veins in the upper extremity?
    superficial & deep
  11. What superficial network of veins lies on the dorsum of the hand?
    dorsal venous arch
  12. What superficial vein runs adjacent to the medial surface of the upper extremity?
    basilic vein
  13. What superficial vein runs alongside the lateral aspect of the upper limb?
    cephalic vein
  14. The cephalic vein drains into what vein?
    axillary vein
  15. What vein joins the cephalic and basilic veins in the cubital fossa?
    median cubital vein
  16. What network of deep veins drains the hand?
    palmar venous arches
  17. What deep veins run parallel to the main arteries of the forearm?
    radial & ulnar veins
  18. The deep veins of the forearm converge to form what vein?
    brachial vein
  19. What deep vein is formed by the convergence of the brachial and basilic veins?
    axillary vein
  20. What vein has the lateral border of the first rib as it's lateral border?
    subclavian vein
  21. The convergence of the internal jugular vein and the subclavian vein forms what vein?
    brachiocephalic vein
  22. The convergence of the brachiocephalic veins form what vein?
    superior vena cava
  23. What blood vessel is the main arterial supply of the lower extremity?
    external iliac artery
  24. What structure marks the superior border of the femoral artery?
    inguinal ligament
  25. What are the borders of the femoral triangle?
    inguinal ligament, sartorius & adductor longus
  26. What makes up the floor of the femoral triangle?
    iliopsoas
  27. What artery supplies the hip joint and the posterior structures of the thigh?
    deep femoral artery
  28. What is the inferior border of the femoral artery?
    hiatus of the adductor magnus
  29. What major artery lies posterior to the knee?
    popliteal artery
  30. The popliteal artery bifurcates into what two arteries?
    anterior & posterior tibial arches
  31. What arter supplies the anterior compartment of the leg?
    anterior tibial artery
  32. What artery supplies the posterior compartment of the lef?
    posterior tibial artery
  33. What artery supplies the lateral compartment of the leg?
    fibular artery
  34. Of the three arteries supplying the compartments of the leg, which can be palpated for a pulse?
    Where can it be palpated?
    • posterior tibial artery
    • posterior to the medial malleolus
  35. What artery can be palapted on the dorsum of the foot just lateral to the first metatarsal?
    dorsalis pedis artery (dorsal pedal artery)
  36. What superficial vein originates on the medial side of the ankle and extends from there along the medial surface of the lower extremity to the femoral triangle where it drains into the femoral vein?
    great saphenous vein
  37. What superficial vein extends from the lateral ankle to the popliteal region where it drains into the popliteal vein?
    small saphenous vein
  38. The anterior tibial vein and the posterior tibial vein converge to form what vein?
    popliteal vein
  39. What is the proximal border of the popliteal vein?
    hiatus of the adductor magnus
  40. What vein extends from the hiatus of the adductor magnus to the inguinal ligament?
    femoral vein
  41. What vein extends from the inguinal ligament to the merger of this vein with the internal iliac vein?
    external iliac vein
  42. What vein is formed by the convergence of the external and internal iliac veins?
    common iliac vein
  43. The common iliac veins merge to form what vein?
    inferior vena cava
  44. What blood vessel carries blood away from the right ventricle of the heart?
    pulmonary trunk
  45. The pulmonary trunk bifurcates into what two blood vessels?
    pulmonary arteries
  46. What blood vessels carry blood from the lungs to the heart?
    pulmonary veins
  47. What structure carries blood from the placenta to the fetus?
    umbilical vein
  48. What structure shunts blood away from the liver and toward the inferior vena cava of the fetus?
    ductus venosus
  49. What structure allows blood to be shunted from the right atrium to the left atrium of the fetus?
    foramen ovale
  50. What structure shunts blood from the pulmonary trunk to the aorta of the fetus?
    ductus arteriosus
  51. What blood vessels carry blood from the fetus to the placenta?
    umbilical arteries
  52. The umbilical vein of the fetus becomes what structure after birth?
    round ligament of the liver
  53. The umbilical arteries of the fetus become what structures after birth?
    medial umbilical ligaments
  54. The ductus arteriosus becomes what structure after birth?
    ligamentum arteriosum
  55. The foramen ovale becomes what structure after birth?
    fossa ovalis
  56. The circulatory system has two main components. What are they?
    cardiovascular system & lymphatic system
  57. What are the closed-ended tubes which are found among blood capillary networks and which work to collect excess interstitial fluid?
    lymphatic capillaries
  58. What structures of the lymphatic system resemble veins in that they have three tunics and valves?
    lymphatic vessels
  59. What lymphatic organs are connected to lymph vessels and work to filter foreign or pathogenic material from lymph?
    lymph nodes
  60. What structure collects lymph from the right upper extremity, the right side of the head and neck, and the right side of the thorax and returns it to the blood at the junction of the right internal jugular vein and the right subclavian vein?
    right lymphatic duct
  61. What structure collects lymph from the left side of the head and neck, left upper extremity, left thorax, and all body regions inferior to the diaphragm?
    thoracic duct
  62. What rounded, saclike structure lies at the base of the thoracic duct?
    cisterna chyli
  63. What are large clusters of lymphatic cells and extracellular matrix that are not completely surrounded by a connective tissue capsule and form a ring of lymphatic tissue around the pharynx?
    tonsils
  64. What lymphatic organ lies posterior to the manubrium and anterior to the aorta in the superior mediastinum?
    thymus
  65. What are small, round or oval structures that are located along the pathways of lymph vessels?
    lymph nodes
  66. What lymphatic organ is located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen, inferior to the diaphragm and adjacent to ribs 9-11?
    spleen

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