Compendium 4

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  1. Respiratory activities are controlled by:

    a. the thalamus
    b. centers in the pons
    c. the medulla oblongata
    d. the hypothalamus
    e. B and C
    • e. B and C
    • b. centers in the pons
    • c. the medulla oblongata
  2. Conscious thought processes and all intellectual functions originate in the:

    A. limbic system
    B. cerebral hemispheres
    C. pons
    D. cerebellum
    E. temporal lobe
    B. cerebral hemispheres
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. A highly specialized region of the sympathetic division that causes widespread sympathetic activation is found in the:

    A. adrenal cortex
    B. brain
    C. A and C
    D. liver
    E. adrenal medulla
    E. adrenal medulla
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Typical sympathetic postganglionic fibers that release norepinephrine at neuroeffector junctions are classified as:

    A. neuroendocrine
    B. cholinergic
    C. nonsecretory
    D. adrenergic
    E. norepinephric
    D. adrenergic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The autonomic division of the nervous system directs:

    A. behavior
    B. emotions
    C. B and C
    D. processes that maintain homeostasis
    E. conscious control of skeletal muscles
    D. processes that maintain homeostasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The sympathetic division of the ANS differs from the parasympathetic division of the ANS in that:

    a. the sympathetic system has relatively longer preganglionic fibers than does the parasympathetic system

    b. the sympathetic system promotes rest, relaxation, reponse, and nutrient uptake, while the parasympatheitic system increases alertness and metabolism

    c.the postganglionic fibers of the sympathetic system are relatively longer than those of the parasympathetic system

    d. the sympathetic system is more divergent than is the parasympathetic system

    e. C and D
    • e. C and D
    • c.the postganglionic fibers of the sympathetic system are relatively longer than those of the parasympathetic system
    • d. the sympathetic system is more divergent than is the parasympathetic system
  7. Cranial nerves that have ANS fibers are:

    A. III, VII, IX, X
    B. VII, XI, XII
    C. I, II, III
    D. IV, V, VI, VII
    E. VII, XI, XII
    A. III, VII, IX, X
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following is not a branch of the facial nerve?

    A. ophthalmic
    B. zygomatic
    C. temporal
    D. buccal
    E. cervical
    A. ophthalmic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The ventral root of a spinal nerve contains:

    A. axons of sensory neurons.
    B. axons of motor neurons
    C. dorsal root ganglia
    D. interneurons
    E. cell bodies of motor neurons
    B. axons of motor neurons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Only cones are found in the:

    A. ciliary body
    B. choroid layer
    C. lamina densa
    D. fovea
    E. optic disc
    D. fovea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The major somatosensory pathways include the:

    A. posterior column pathway
    B. All of the ablove
    C. spinocerebellar pathway
    D. A and D
    E. corticocerebral pathway
    D. A and D
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The parasympathetic division of the ANS generally does all of the following except:

    A. conserves energy
    B. functions as the "rest and reponse" division
    C. promotes sedentary activities
    D. increases respiratory activities
    e. none of the above (there are no exceptions)
    D. increases respiratory activities
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following is/(are) a special sensory receptor(s)?

    A. A, C, and D
    B. chemoreceptor
    C. auditory receptor
    D. thermoreceptor
    E. mechanoreceptor
    C. auditory receptor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The major function of the inferior colliculi includes reflexes involved with:

    A. the eyes
    B. the ears
    C. the taste buds
    D. the nose
    e. none of the above
    B. the ears
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. To contact an oligodendrocyte, where would a microprobe have to be inserted in the nervous system?

    A. in the adrenal medullae
    B. in the CNS only
    C. B and C
    D. along any axon in the PNS, myelinated or not
    E. near or at a neuron cell body in the PNS
    B. in the CNS only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Cranial nerve IX exits through which foramen?

    A. jugular foramen
    B. foramen magnum
    C. foramen ovale
    D. foramen spinosum
    E. foramen rotundum
    A. jugular foramen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which cranial nerve(s) exit(s) through theh superior orbital fissure?

    A. III, VI, V2(maxillary branch)
    B. III, IV, VI, V1(ophthalmic branch)
    C. II, III, IV
    D. IV, VI, VII
    E. III, IV, VII, VIIi
    B. III, IV, VI, V1(ophthalmic branch)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which disorder(s) reflects damage to auditory receptor cells or neural pathways?

    A. A and D
    B. Meniere's syndrome
    C. sensorineural deafness
    D. conduction deafness
    E. motion sickness
    C. sensorineural deafness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following structures are found in the membranous labyrinth?

    A. utricle and saccule
    B. semicircular canals
    C. B and C
    D. A and C
    E. vestibule and cochlea
    A. utricle and saccule
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is part of the vascular tunic?

    A. sclera
    B. retina
    C. optic nerve
    D. corneal limbus
    E. ciliary body
    E. ciliary body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which statement(s) is/are true?

    A. B and C
    B. fast-adapting receptors are tonic
    C. slow-adapting receptors are phasic
    D. A and B
    E. fast-adapting receptors are phasic
    E. fast-adapting receptors are phasic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which nerve innervates the adductor muscle groups and superomedial thigh skin?

    A. pudendal nerve
    B. femoral nerve
    C. obturator nerve
    D. common fibular nerve
    E. sciatic nerve
    C. obturator nerve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Regarding spinal nerves, which structure contains motor fibers that originate in the spinal cord?

    a. dorsal root
    b. ventral root
    d. dorsal ramus
    d. ventral ramus
    e. dermatome
    b. ventral root
  24. Which brachial plexus nerve is formed by the lateral and medial cords?

    A. ulnar nerve
    B. axillary nerve
    C. musculocutaneous nerve
    D. radial nerve
    E. median nerve
    E. median nerve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which mesencephalic structure(s) acts in the classic "startle response"?

    A. cerebral peduncle
    B. pontine nuclei
    C. red nucleus
    D. substantia nigra
    E. corpora quadrigemina
    E. corpora quadrigemina
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
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Compendium 4
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compendium
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