Biblical Interpretation

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keithdggn
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7630
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Biblical Interpretation
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2010-05-12 12:23:25
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hermeneutics
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Hermeneutics Exam
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  1. Hermeneuetics
    • Art and Science of interpreting the Bible
    • From Hermes translating the gods language to the people
  2. Exegesis
    Drawing Meaning out of Biblical text
  3. Exposition
    communicating meaning and relevance to present hearers
  4. Homilitics
    art and science of communicating meaning and relevance in a preaching situation
  5. Pedagogy
    art and science of communicating meaning and relavence in a teaching situation
  6. Perspicuity
    Clarity, we can understand
  7. Hermaneutic, Gap
    Time, Geographic, Cultural, Language, Literary
  8. Pre Understanding
    preconceived notions that we bring to the text(good or bad)
  9. Pre undertandings and presuppositions
    we must be both subjective and objective
  10. Presuppositions Rules
    • 1. drawn from scriptures overall teaching
    • 2. dont change often or at all
    • 3. pre-understandings are what we bring to the text
    • 4. pre-understandings can change
  11. Hermeneutics Presupposition
    • God exists, Bible is his word
    • This is our starting point to prove things not other way around
  12. Definition of Presupposition
    Something we take for granted to be true
  13. The Bible confirms:
    Everything else not the other way around eg: Science and reason

    God is reason, logical and orderly
  14. Understanding
    reader is servant to the text, others may have understood better
  15. Overstanding
    • reader as lord over the text
    • Eg. salvation by faith or works James 2:24-25
    • we must understand whole doctrine of salvation to understand what James says about works
  16. Bible as Divine Human Project
    • 1. Inerrant
    • 2. Authoritive
    • 3. Unified- does not contradict-progessive
    • 4. Bible has mystery- on some levels incomprehensible, miracles, creation, trinity
  17. Bible as Human Project
    • 1. Written language
    • 2. Specific audiences
    • 3. affected by human enviroment of human writer
    • 4. understood in light of its context
    • 5. Took on nature of literary form (Genre)
    • 6. Understood by inital readers IAW basic principles of logic and communication
  18. Hermeneutics Rules x 6
    • 1. Interpreters do not posses inerrancy
    • 2. Some dont get a secret meaning
    • 3. A Christian living in sin is susceptible to inaccurate interpretation
    • 4. HS doesnt give sudden intuative flashes of insight
    • 5. HS guides interpreter
    • 6. Bible was given to be understood by all believers
  19. 3 Stages of Interpretation
    • 1. Observation
    • 2. Interpretation
    • 3. Application
  20. 4 Steps to Hermeneutics
    • 1. grasp text in their town - what did it mean originally
    • 2. measure width of river to cross - differences in audience (time)
    • 3. build the hermenuetical bridge
    • 4. grasp the text in the new town
  21. Eisegesis
    Putting our meaning into the text
  22. Perspecuity
    Clarity
  23. Etymology
    Historical study of words meaning
  24. Anachronism
    reading a meaning of a word out of its historical meaning
  25. 17 Figures of Speech
  26. Major Break
    Takes place when a writer shifts topics in epistles a break from doctrine to practical issues
  27. Pivot
    When a narrative shifts direction, often signaled by an unusually significant episode
  28. Interchange
    two stories going on at the same time
  29. Chiasm
    • 1st line parallels last
    • most important element in middle
  30. Hyperbole
    exageration
  31. Application
    response of reader to the meaning of the inspired text, only one application
  32. Reading Horizontally
    reading parallel passages between all gospels
  33. Reading Vertically
    interpreting within the themes of a single gospel first before horizontally
  34. Parables
    everyday story told to teach a specific spiritual truth usually with 2 levels of meaning where one thing represents another
  35. Amanuensis
    Written by another hand (scribe)
  36. Cosender
    letter sent with someone else
  37. Amillennialism
    • There will be no literal 1000 year rule of Christ on Earth
    • millenial period now in our hearts
  38. Covenant theology
    interprets the Bible based on a few covenants
  39. Dispensational theology
    • 1. Church and Israel are seperate
    • 2. God works in seperate plans
  40. Literal interpretation
    Interpreting Bible literaly
  41. Allegorical interpretation
    look at the spirit of text beyond the letter
  42. Postmillennialism
  43. Premillennialism
  44. Prophetic Telescoping
    Seeing future as a single event instead of two IRT Christs second coming
  45. Realism
    metaphysical position saying certain things are mind dependant
  46. Hermeneutical Realism
    meaning prior to and independant of process of interpretation, truth existed first
  47. Non-Realism
    • 1. Reality is a human construct
    • 2. Signs only point to other signs not reality, no meaning in text
  48. Locution
    what the text says (God)
  49. Illocutionary force
    What a text does (Jesus)
  50. Perlocutionary effect
    What the text accomplishes (HS)
  51. Role of Holy Spirit in Interpretation
    • 1. Interpreter is not inerrant
    • 2. Interpreter is not given secret meaning
    • 3. HS guides the interpreter
    • 4. Sin affects our interpretation
    • 5. Bible given to be understood by ALL believers
    • 6. Normally no sudden intuative flashes of understanding
  52. 3 Stages of Interpretation
    • 1. Observation
    • 2. Interpretation
    • 3. Application
  53. 4 Steps of Interpretation
    Bridging principle
  54. Parts whole spiral
    • 1. Principle reflected in text
    • 2. Timeless priniciple not to specific situation
    • 3. shouldnt be bound to one culture
    • 4. Should correspond to rest of cultures
    • 5. Relevant to past and today
  55. Word study fallacies
    • 1. The principle should be reflected in the text.
    • 2. The principle should be timeless and not tied to a specific situation.
    • 3. The principle should not be culturally bound.
    • 4. The principle should correspond to the teaching of the rest of Scripture. 5. The principle should be relevant to both us today and them.
  56. I.Anachronism
    • II.English-Only Fallacy
    • III.Root Fallacy
    • IV.Overload Fallacy
    • V.Word-Count Fallacy
    • VI.Selective-Evidence Fallacy
  57. Imprtant elements of the historical-cultural context
    • I.The Biblical Writer
    • A.The Author Himself
    • B.The Author’s Relationship to the Audience
    • II.The Biblical Audience
    • III. Other Elements

    • Geography/Topography
    • B. Social Customs
    • C. Economic Issues
    • D. Political Issues
    • E. Worldview
    • F. Behavior Patterns
    • G. Religious Practices
  58. 3 mistakes in application
    • A. Ouiji Board approach
    • B.Proof-Texting Approach
    • C.Playing the Holy Spirit “Card”
  59. A.Ouija-Board Approach
    • B.Proof-Texting Approach
    • C.Playing the Holy Spirit “Card”
  60. KBH's 5 crucial elements of proper interpretation
    • 1. Saved
    • 2. Spiritually mature
    • 3. Diligent study
    • 4. Common sense and logic
    • 5. Humble dependance on HS for discernment
  61. Number of correct interpretation and applications
    one correct interpretation and many applications
  62. Genre of Gospels and Acts
    Christ centered Biography
  63. 3 purposes of parables
    • 1. Fulfillment of prophecy
    • 2. Concealing of truth
    • 3. Revealing of truth
  64. 3 features of parables
    • 1. Good storytelling
    • 2. Sharp address = specific audience
    • 3. Requires a response = illicits a change
  65. Clints rule of Hermeneutics
    • come on stupid, use common sense
    • Context is King
  66. Genre of Revelation
    • 1. Prophetic
    • 2. Epistle
    • 3. Apocoplypic
    • Emphasis on prophecy
  67. 8 Elements of Narrative Criticism
    • 1. Implied author
    • 2. Point of view ideology
    • 3. narrative adn story time - how events are related to each other
    • 4. Plot
    • 5. Characterization and dialouge
    • 6. Setting - geographical, temporal, social, and/or historical
    • 7. Implicit commentary - techniques whereby the author tells his story.
    • 8. Implied reader - every book has a group of readers in mind. These original readers are no longer available to the “real reader
  68. 4 Subgenres of OT Law
    • 1. Decalouge = 10 commandments
    • 2. Tabernacle laws = ark, tabernacle, priestly duties
    • 3. Levitical laws = living as a holy people
    • 4. dueteronical laws = speeches by Moses, new application for nation of Israel
  69. 4 Collections of OT Law
  70. Casuistic Law –
    • - distinctive “if...then” grammatical structure
    • - “if” describes the case, “then” describes the legal penalty
    • Apodictic Law –
    • - unconditional, categorical directives; i.e., commands and prohibitions
    • Legal Series –
    • - legal collections; e.g., the Decalogue
    • Legal Instruction –
    • - Two forms: priestly instruction and ritual instruction
  71. 9 types of parallelisms
    • Synonymous Parallelism- repeating first line
    • Step/Synthetic Parallelism- second line develops or adds to first
    • Climactic Parallelism - builds to a climax
    • Antithetical Parallelism - second line contrasts first(Opposing)
    • Introverted Parallelism - external pairs are contrasted with the internal pairs (AB BA).
    • Compensative Parallelism - dont need to know
    • Incomplete Parallelism - one element is ommited in second line
    • Acrostics - Each line begins with a different Hebrew letter
    • Paronomasia - the use of a word in different senses or the use of words similar in sound to achieve a specific effect, as humor or a dual meaning; punning
  72. 8 types of poetry
    • I. War Songs
    • II. Love Songs
    • III. Lament
    • IV. Hymns or praise songs
    • V. Thanksgiving hymns
    • VI. Songs of celebration and affirmation
    • VII. Wisdom and didactic psalms
    • VIII. Imprecatory psalms
  73. Major/Minor Prophets
    • Major = more space
    • Minor = less space
  74. 3 Elements of the basic prophetic message
    • 1. Covenant broke (repent)
    • 2. No repentance = judgment
    • 3. Hope for future restoration from judgment
  75. Distinctions between pre-understanding and presupposition
    1.Pre understanding = preconcieved notions we bring to the text, comes from experiences

    2. Presupposition = things we assume to be true (God exist) dont change easily, comes from scripture overall

    • 3. presuppositional critique = they would be using a circular argument (God exists, Scripture is true)
    • 4. Response to critique = eventually all arguments are circular (using science to prove science)Cast my lot with God
  76. 4 musts of Enjoying Gods Word
    • 1. Learn it
    • 2. teaach it
    • 3. memorize it
    • 4. meditate on it
  77. Consequences of misconception of divine and human authors
    1. Divine = If not Inerrant could contain errors, loses authority right and wrong doesnt apply to us

    2. Human = couldnt use normal rule of grammar to find meaning,context unknowable,
  78. 3 implications of Divine and human origination of the Bible
    Divine = Inerrant = all true, Authoritive = for our lives, Unity = doesnt contradict, mystery= some levels incomprehensible

    • Human =
    • 1. accepted or understood in light of its context
    • 2. understood by original readers IAW basic principles of logic and communication
    • 3. written by author to a specific audience
  79. Name and describe 2 advantages and 2 disadvantages of Narrative Criticism
    • Pros
    • 1. Narratives are interesting,
    • 2. Narratives are easy to remember
    • 3. Narratives can portray the ambiguities and complexities of life.
    • Cons
    • 1. The reader may read too much theology into the narrative.
    • 2. The reader may assume that since the literature is narrative, it deals only with history and not theology.
    • 3. The meaning of the narrative can be subtle or ambiguous
  80. How does Narrative Criticism aid the reader in interpreting biblical narrative
    Blends literal and historical criticism to see author as pe presents himself omniscient and omnipresent
  81. Name and describe 2 potential weaknesses of Narrative Criticism
    • 1. A preoccupation with obscure theories.
    • 2. A denial of intended or referential meaning.
    • 3. Ignoring the understanding of the early church.
  82. Describe traditional approach to interpreting OT Law
    • 1. Moral laws
    • 2. Civil laws
    • 3. Ceremonial laws
    • * Christians now usually accept only moral laws
  83. Explaing the correct approach to interpreting OT Law as explained in class
    • * Interpret the Law through the grid of NT teaching
    • 1. Covenant is associated with Israel and conquest of land
    • 2. Blessings are conditional
    • 3. No longer a functional covenant
    • 4. No longer directly applicable to Christians as LAW
    • Cant go directly from Ancient law to modern practice first Concept of God and people of that time then abstracting principle from context
  84. IS OT Law obsolete for NT Christians? Why or why not?
    No, it shows us the character of God
  85. Origin of postmodern literary turn?
    • 1. Premodernism - Based on God
    • 2. Moderinism - Bacon/Nietzche God is dead, science and reason rule
    • 3. Postmodernism - Derrida, reader brings meaning not author
  86. Describe deconstructionalism
    • 1. Offshoot of Derrida's theory
    • 2. the taking apart of something in this context literary works
  87. Describe how Speech Act Theory might respond to modern hermeneutics?
    Speech act = The Author speaks something in a certain way with a certain effect( speaking does something) Promise

    • 1.The text has a determinate meaning.
    • 2.Because the Bible’s meaning is revelatory, it’s meaning is never dated.
    • 3.The significance of the text is relative (i.e., the same meaning can be brought to bear on different situations in different ways).
    • 4. Humans have the dignity of communicative agency, though not its perfection.
  88. How does Vanhoozers Trinitarian hermeneutics answer opposing viewpoints?
    • 1. defiently engage with christian thought
    • 2.post modern is only extension of modernism
    • 3. Pilgrims digress = wandering away from truth
    • 4. Christians learn criticism of ISM's
    • 5. Modernism inflates self, post deflates self, Trinitarian seeks wisdom in God
    • 6. Demonstrate Christian wisdom against other wisdoms
    • 7. Christian thought is faith seeking understanding (Trinitiarian and Biblical)

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