- Republicans pushed for new laws to remedy weaknesses
- they saw in Johnson's plan. In February 1866, Congress voted to continue and enlarge the
- Freedmen's Bureau. The bureau, established by congress in the last moth off the war, assisted
- former slaves and poor whites in the South by distributing food and clothing. In addition, it set up
- more than 40 hospitals, approximately 4000 schools, 61 industrial institutes, and 74 teacher
- training centers.