Art Test #2

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Art Test #2
2011-03-31 00:09:35

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  1. pigment
    a coloring material made from various organic or chemical substances. mixed with a binder
  2. binder
    a substance in paints that causes particles of pigment to adhere to one another and to a supporter
  3. dry media
    dry media is mediums we use that are obviously not wet.
  4. metalpoint
    a drawing technique in which the drawing medium is a fine metal wire
  5. charcoal
    Charcoal is used in art for drawing, making rough sketches in painting and is one of the possible media for making a parsemage
  6. pastel
    a drawing medium consisting of sticks of powdered pigment and a relativley weak binder
  7. conte
    The conté crayon is an especially hard pencil, made of an admixture of graphite and clay that can be varied for different degrees of hardness. It is usually made in black, red, or brown and is used as a drawing medium in any combination of these colours.
  8. liquid media
    wet media. ink, paint, etc
  9. medium
    the materialfrom which the art is made of
  10. support
    the surface on which a work of two dimensional art is made
  11. ground
    a prepator coating of paint usually white but sometimes clolored applied to a support for a painting or drawing
  12. primer
    a preli,onary coating applied to a painting support to improve adhesion of paints or to create special effects
  13. fresco
    a painting medium in which colors are applied to a plaster ground, usual on a wall or a ceiling
  14. cartoon
    a full-scale preparatory drawing for a fresco or mural
  15. tempera
    paint in which the pigment is compounded with an aquerous, emulsified wehicle such as an egg yolk
  16. gesso
    a brilliant white undercoating made of inert pigment such as chalk or plaster and used as grounded paint especially for tempera
  17. oil paint
    pigment mixed with oil
  18. glaze
    in oil painting, a thin, translucent layer of color generally applied over another color
  19. grisaille
    a painting executed entirely in gray-scale values, often as a foundation for colored glazes
  20. impasto
    from the italian word for paste, a thick layer of paint
  21. broken color
    the art of applying one or more colors of paint on the walls in broken layers.
  22. watercolor
    a painting medium in which the binder is gum arabic
  23. guache
    A method of painting with opaque watercolors mixed with a preparation of gum.
  24. acrylic
    a synthetic plastic resin used as a binder for artists paints
  25. collage
    the practice of pasting shape cuts from such real world sources
  26. relief(printmaking)
    is an image created by a printmaking process where protruding surface faces of the matrix (printing plate or block) are inked; recessed areas are ink free.
  27. woodcut
    a relief printmaking methid in which a block of wood is carved so as to leave the image areas raised from the background
  28. intalgio
    printmaking techniques in which the lines or areas that will take the ink are incised into the printing plate, rather than raised above it
  29. etching
    an intaglio printmaking method in which the design is bitten into the printing plate with acid
  30. drypoint
    an intaglio printmaking technique similar to engraving which the design is scratched directly into the metal plate with a sharp, pointed tool that is held like a pen
  31. mezzotint
    an intaglio printmaking technique in which the printing plate is first roughened with a special tool called a rocker, which creates a fine pattern of burrs
  32. aquatint
    an intaglio printmaking method in which areas pf tone are created by dustingresin particles on a plate and then allowing the acid to bite arpund the particles
  33. engraving
    an intaglio printmaking technique method in which lines are vut into a metal plate using a sharp tool called a burin, which creates a clean, v-shaped channel
  34. lithography
    is a method for printing using a stone (lithographic limestone) or a metal plate with a completely smooth surface.
  35. screenprinting
    a printmaking methos in which the image is transferred to paper but forcing ink through a fine mesh in which the areas not meant to print have been blocked
  36. daguerreotype
    the first practical photographic process. invented by jacques louis mande daguerre, it produced a single premanent image directly on a prepared copper plate
  37. documentary
    a broad category of motion pictures intended to document some aspect of reality.
  38. pictorialism
    the name given to a photographic movement in vogue from around 1885 following the widespread introduction of the dry-plate process
  39. dada-ism
    The movement primarily involved visual arts, literature—poetry, art manifestoes, art theory—theatre, and graphic design, and concentrated its anti-war politics through a rejection of the prevailing standards in art through anti-art cultural works. Its purpose was to ridicule what its participants considered to be the meaninglessness of the modern world
  40. camera obscura
    an optical device that projects an image of its surroundings on a screen
  41. additive
    Sculptural form produced by combining or building up material from a core or armature. Modeling in clay and welding steel are additive processes
  42. modeling
    in sculpture manipulatinf a plastic material such as clay or wax to create a form
  43. assembling
    the technique of creating a sculpture by grouping or piecing together distinct elements
  44. casting
    the process of making a sculptiure or some other object bu pouring a liquid into a mold
  45. carving
    in sculpture, a subtractive technique in which a mass of material such as stone or wood is shaped bu cutting and/or abrasion
  46. mold
    a casting containing a shaped void in which liquid metal, clay, or other material may be cast
  47. relief sculpture
    anything that projects from a background
  48. high relief
    figures project substantially from the backgroud, often by half their full depth
  49. low relief
    also called bas-relief, the figures project minimally., as on a coin
  50. contrapposto
    a pose that suggests the potential for movement, and thus life, in a standing human figure, creates a subtle s-curve
  51. site-specific
    artwork created to exist in a certain place
  52. installatation
    an art form in which an entire room or similar space is treated as a work of art to be entered and experienced
  53. gary simmons, boom, 1996
  54. albrecht durer, four horsemen of the apocalypse, 1497-98
  55. henry peach robinson, fading away, 1858
  56. raphael, school of athens, 1510-11
  57. christo and jeanne-claude, the gates, 1979-2005
  58. essential processes of filmmaking
    • director
    • editting
    • screenplay