Islam Relgion

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Author:
sg18
ID:
76414
Filename:
Islam Relgion
Updated:
2011-03-31 10:02:35
Tags:
islamic muslim religion
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Description:
Important terms within the Islamic religion
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  1. The fourth caliph, cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad.
    Ali
  2. Arabic for “the god”. Muslim teaches submission to him.
    Allah
  3. The foundation of living and obligations that all Muslims recognize.
    Five Pillars
  4. The last pillar. The pilgrimage to Mecca.
    Hajj
  5. Muhammad’s migration from Mecca to Medina.
    Hijra
  6. Submission and peace.
    Islam
  7. Arabic for “struggle”. Refers to the obligation of all Muslims to struggle against error and idolatry.
    Jihad
  8. Arabic for “cube”. The central shrine of Islam.
    Kaaba
  9. Muhammad married her and her wealth allowed him freedom for private spiritual discipline and reflection on the spent time meditating in the hills surrounding Mecca.
    Khadija
  10. Once called Yathrib. “City of the Prophet”.
    Medina
  11. Place of worship or bowing down. Also called masjid.
    Mosque
  12. Prophet who received Allah’s final and definitive revelation.
    Muhammad.
  13. One who submits.
    Muslim
  14. Arabic for “recitation”. Holy book. Direct word of Allah.
    Quran
  15. The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar that Muslims believe is when Muhammad received his first revelation.
    Ramadan
  16. The Party of ‘Ali. The smaller of the two major movements within Islam. Rightful succession to the Prophet Muhammad.
    Shi-ite
  17. The mystical movement in Islam. It refers to the wooden garments worn by early members of the school to demonstrate their distain for worldly things.
    Sufi
  18. The Way of Tradition. The larger of the two Islamic families. Committed to following the faith and practice established by Muhammad and the four “righteous caliphs”.
    Sunni

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