Western History ch. 6

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Western History ch. 6
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2011-03-31 11:41:49
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western history
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  1. How many periods historians divided Roman History into? what were they?
    Historians divided Roman history into the period of therepublic which began in 509 b.c and the period of the empire which began in 27 b.c
  2. Who was the first Roman emperor?
    Octavian (augustus)
  3. what did the Romans acquire from the Etruscans?
    architectural styles and skills in road construction, sanitation, hydrolic engineering, metallurgy, ceramics and portrait sculpure. Symbols of authority and rules were also borrowed from the Etruscans.
  4. When did Rome become and republic?
    At the sixth century b.c. the traditional date is 509 b.c
  5. Praticians
    Aristocrats by birth who regarded themselves as the preservers of sacred traditions.
  6. Plebeians
    Commoners
  7. What was the struggle between the Plebeians and the Praticians?
    The Plebeians wanted political, legal, and social equality. But the were resisted every step by the Praticians.
  8. The tribal assembly
    assembly form by Plebeians after they won their rights to do so in the early fifth century.
  9. The Twelve Tables
    The code that gave plebeains some degree of protection agaisnt unfair and oppressive patrician officials.
  10. What are the three expansion steps that made Rome the Dominant state in the mediterranean world by 146 b.c
    • 1. The uniting of the itilian peninsula,
    • 2. The collision with Carthage, which made Rome ruler of the western Mediterranean.
    • 3. The subjugation of the hellinistic states, which brought Romans in close contact with Greek civilization.
  11. Hannibal
    the commander of the Carthaginian army in the second punic war. whos military genius astounded the ancients.
  12. scipio Africanus
    defeated Hannibal at the battle of zuma in north africa in 202 b.c ending the second punic war.
  13. Why did Rome Launch a third punic war in 146 b.c?
    The Third punc war launch by the romans was driven by old hatreds and the traumatic memories of hannibal's near-conquest.

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