Perception Exam 2

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woodt3
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76456
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Perception Exam 2
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2011-03-31 14:31:49
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Perception
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Perception
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  1. The main function of p_______ is to d________ the t____ r______ i____ in order to achieve c_________.
    The main function of perception is to decode the transient retinal image in order to achieve constancy.
  2. Color a______ and color c_______ are two major factors in color constancy.
    Color adaptation and color contrast are two major factors in color constancy.
  3. did experimental demonstrations of “insight” (Sultan).
    Wolfgang Kohler (1887-1967)
  4. The general Gestalt principle that all the principles led to were called
    what? (the l__ of P___ (good Gestalt), the l____ of g___ f___, or the
    l___ of s______ty
    The law of Pragnanz (good Gestalt), the law of good figure, or the law of simplicity.
  5. The m____ s____ c_____ constancy theory is one possible explanation for the M_____ - L_____ illusion.
    misapplied size constancy theory, Muller-Lyer illusion
  6. 1. A pair of lights of different wavelengths that have the same effect
    on the visual system and appear to be the same are called what??
    Metamers
  7. tendency to see complete letters on a neon sign, even though some of the bulbs are burnt out, illustrates ?
    the principle of closure.
  8. L______ p_______, shading and i_______n are cues used often by artists to produce d____ in a painting
    Linear perspective, shading and interposition are cues used often by artists to produce depth in a painting
  9. A______ p______ or haze, is a d____ cue because distance objects are less clear.
    Aerial perspective or haze, is a depth cue because distance objects are less clear.
  10. T________ g________, a monocular cue, can be a depth perception cue in paintings or pictures
    Texture gradient, a monocular cue, can be a depth perception cue in paintings or pictures
  11. I__________, (incl. Occlusion, overlap) is a monocular depth cue.
    Interposition, (incl. Occlusion, overlap) is a monocular depth cue.
  12. Flashing a series of still pictures in rapid succession is called str______ motion, app____nt movement or the “phi” phenomena.
    Flashing a series of still pictures in rapid succession is called stroboscopic motion, apparent movement or the “phi” phenomena.
  13. Eye movements to track a moving object are called s____ p____ m______ .
    You cannot do them without an o______ . (ex. Shooting clay
    pigeons..following them with your eyes).
    Eye movements to track a moving object are called smooth pursuit movements. You cannot do them without an object. (ex. Shooting clay pigeons..following them with your eyes).
  14. M_______try shows that the three cone pigments have different absorption curves.
    Microspectrophotometry shows that the three cone pigments have different absorption curves.
  15. a possible explanation of the moon illusion is?
    The apparent distance hypothesis
  16. The s________ c________ is an important area for the control of eye movements.
    The superior colliculus is an important area for the control of eye movements.
  17. Auto s_________ do not need special monitors and goggles.
    Auto stereoscopes do not need special monitors and goggles.
  18. Stimulating the receptive field of a d_____ -opponent cell with a _____
    center and a _____ surround will fire the most with a green light to the
    surround and a red light to the center.
    • Stimulating the receptive field of a double-opponent cell with a +R-G
    • center and a +G-R surround will fire the most with a green light to the
    • surround and a red light to the center.
  19. investigated apparent movement which is based on ___ _____ _______n.
    Max Wertheimer, the phi phenomenon
  20. A dichromat can be a p_______e , a d______e or a t_________e.
    A dichromat can be a protanope, a deuteranope or a tritanope.
  21. According to the _____-_______ theory of color vision, the human eye contains three t____ of cone p_____s
    According to the Young-Helmholtz theory of color vision, the human eye contains three types of cone pigments
  22. C_______ and a________ are ocu______-m_______r cues for depth perception
    Convergence and accomodation are oculomotor cues for depth perception
  23. C___________ and r_________ disparity are the binocular cues to depth perception.
    Convergence and retinal disparity are the binocular cues to depth perception.
  24. B_______ i_________can help depth perception because the v______
    cortex has disparity-s________cells that respond to binocular disparity.
  25. Binocular information can help depth perception because the visual
    • cortex has disparity-selective cells that respond to binocular
    • disparity.

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