Microbiology

Card Set Information

Author:
dys1965
ID:
76623
Filename:
Microbiology
Updated:
2011-04-01 12:12:06
Tags:
tax
Folders:

Description:
taxonomy
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  1. Seven taxa:
    • 1. Kingdom
    • 2. Phylum
    • 3. Class
    • 4. Order
    • 5. Family
    • 6. Genus
    • 7. Species
  2. Which two taxa are generally used to identify a microbe
    1. Genus: The usual major subdivision of a family in the classification of organisms, usually consisting of more than one species. a class or group of species or individuals.

    2. Species: The major subdivision of a genus, reguarded as a basic category, composed of related individuals that resemble one another, are able to breed among themselves, not other species.
  3. Organism still in the same species and genus but still have small differences
    • 1. Biovar: if they very in biological properties
    • 2. Serovars: if they differ immunologically
    • 3. Strains: are any type of variation
  4. Two domains of bacteria
    • 1. Archaea
    • 2. Bacteria
  5. Two fundamentally different types of cells
    • 1. Prokacyotes: Bacteria and (Blue-green algae) Archaea--NO nucleus
    • (kingdom:Monera)

    2. Eukaryotes: Have a nucleus (Eukarya) fungi
  6. Taxonomy=
    =the science or technique of classification

    =the science dealing with the description, ID, naming and classification of organisms
  7. Separate kingdoms are assigned to:
    • 1. Animalia - Animals
    • 2. Plantae - Plants
    • 3. Fungi - Fungi
    • 4. Protista - Protozoa/Eucaryotic algae
    • 5. Monera - Bacteria/Bluegreen algae

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