Chapter 13

Card Set Information

Author:
rmoran
ID:
76853
Filename:
Chapter 13
Updated:
2011-04-02 22:04:25
Tags:
Chapter
Folders:

Description:
Chapter 13 pulmonary
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user rmoran on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. increased developement
    adenoid hypertrophy
  2. removal of the adenoids
    adenoidectomy
  3. lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx
    adenoids
  4. pertaining to an alveolus
    alveolar
  5. an individualized section of an air sac in the lung
    alveolus
  6. loss of the sense of smell
    anosmia
  7. abnormal condition of coal dust in the lungs; black lung disease
    anthracosis
  8. uppermost portion of the lung
    apex of the lung
  9. pertaining to the tip of an organ
    apical
  10. stoppage of breathing
    apnea
  11. abnormal condition of asbestos fiber particles in the lungs
    asbestosis
  12. deficient oxygen and increased carbon dioxide in the bloodstream
    asphyxia
  13. chronic inflammation disorder characterized by airway obstruction and caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production
    asthma
  14. collapsed lung
    atelectasis
  15. listening for sounds in the chest and abdomen using a stethoscope
    auscultation
  16. rod-shaped bacteria that are the cause of tuberculosis
    bacilli
  17. the lower portion of the lung
    base of the lung
  18. irrigation or washing of a bronchus by injecting fluid through a bronchoscope and then removing it to analzye the contents
    bronchial alveolar lavage
  19. abnormal widening bronchial tubes
    bronchiectasis
  20. small bronchial tube
    bronchiole
  21. inflammation of a bronchiole
    bronchiolitis
  22. an agent that opens bronchial tubes
    bronchodilator
  23. pertaining to a bronchial tube and pleura
    bronchopleural
  24. visual examination of the bronchial tubes using an endoscope of bronchoscope
    bronchoscopy
  25. involuntary muscular contractions in bronchial tubes leading to narrowing of the bronchi
    bronchospasm
  26. branch of the trachea that leads toward the air sacs of the lungs
    bronchus
  27. gas produced in tissue cells when oxygen and food combine
    carbon dioxide
  28. series of x-ray images that reveal the chest in depth
    chest tomograms
  29. inflammation of the bronchi persisting over a long period of time
    chronic bronchitis
  30. lung and bronchial tube conditons that block and damage airways and persist over a long period of time
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  31. thin hairs that line the nasal passageways and tubes of the respiratory tract
    cilia
  32. computer generated x-ray images showing thoracic structures in cross section
    computed tomography of the chest
  33. enlargement of the right side of the heart due to lung disease
    cor pulmonale
  34. acute viral infection in infants and children, characterized by barking cough, obstruction of the larynx and stridor
    croup
  35. abnormal condition of bluish coloration of the skin
    cyanosis
  36. inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in mucous secretions to do drain normally
    cystic fibrosis
  37. muscle that separate the chest and abdomen; aids in breathing
    diaphragm
  38. acute infection of the throat caused by diphtheria bacteria, characterized by formation of a thick membrane that obstructs the throat and breathing
    diphtheria
  39. abnormal voice or sound produced by speaking
    dysphonia
  40. abnormal breathing
    dyspnea
  41. hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
    emphysema
  42. pus in the pleural pace surrounding the lungs
    empyema
  43. tube is places through the mouth and throat into the trachea to establish an airway
    endotracheal intubation
  44. thin piece of cartilage that covers the enterance to the voice box and windpupe when a person is swallowing
    epiglottis
  45. inflammation of the epiglottis
    epiglottitis
  46. nosebleed
    epistaxis
  47. coughing up of mucus or sputum from the throat and respiratory tract
    expectoration
  48. process of breathing out of exhalation
    expiration
  49. fluid cells or other substances that slowly leave cells or capillaries through pores or breaks in cell membranes
    exudates
  50. slit-like opening between the vocal folds of the larynx
    glottis
  51. spitting up blood from the respiratory tract
    hemoptysis
  52. blood in the chest surrounding the lungs
    hemothroax
  53. pertaining to the hilum
    hilar
  54. midline region where the bronchi blood vessels and nerves enter and exit the lungs
    hilum of the lung
  55. water or fluid that accumulates in the pleural space aurrounding the lungs
    hydrothorax
  56. increased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood stream
    hypercapnia
  57. increase in breathing rate
    hyperpnea
  58. deficiency of oxygen in tissues
    hypoxia
  59. act of breathing in or inhalation
    inspiration
  60. pertaining to the larynx or voice box
    laryngeal
  61. inflammation of the larynx or voice box
    laryngitis
  62. endoscopic visual examination of the larynx
    laryngoscopy
  63. involuntary contraction of muscles surrounding the voice box
    laryngospasm
  64. voice box, located at the upper region of the trachea
    larynx
  65. removal of a lobe or section of an organ such as the lung
    lobectomy
  66. surgical removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination of cells
    lung biopsy
  67. malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchial tubes
    lung cancer
  68. magnetic waves create images of the chest in all three planes of the body
    magnetic resonance imagining
  69. endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum
    mediastinoscopy
  70. region between the lungs in the chest cavity
    mediastinum
  71. rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura and associated with asbestos exposure
    mesothelioma
  72. passageways through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities
    nares
  73. placement of a tube through the nose into the stomach
    nasogastric intubation
  74. narrowed airways result in resistance to airflow during breathing
    obstructive lung disease
  75. breathing is only comfortable when a patient is in an upright position
    orthopnea
  76. gas inhaled an entering the bloodstream through the lungs
    oxygen
  77. one of a pair of almond-shaped, masses of lymphatic tissue at the back of the mouth
    palatine tonsil
  78. relieving, but not curing an illness
    palliative
  79. one of a pair of air cavities in the bones near the nose
    paranasal sinus
  80. outer layer of the pleura lying closest to the chest
    parietal pleura
  81. pertaining to a sudden occurrence
    paroxysmal
  82. tapping on the surface to determine the underlying structure
    percussion
  83. whooping cough, bacterial infection of the throat, larynx, and trachea
    pertussis
  84. pertaining to the throat or pharynx
    pharyngeal
  85. throat, nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx
    pharynx
  86. carries impulses to the diaphragm from the brain
    phrenic nerve
  87. double folded membrane surrounding each lung
    pleura
  88. space betwen the pleura surrounding each lung
    pleural cavity
  89. collection of fluid in the pleural cavity
    pleural effusion
  90. scratchy sound produced by inflamed or irritated pleural surfaces rubbing against each otehr
    pleural rub
  91. inflammation of the pleura; pleuritis
    pleurisy
  92. pain associated with the pleura
    pleurodynia
  93. abnormal condition of collection of dust particles in the lungs
    pneumoconiosis
  94. removal of a lung
    pneumonectomy
  95. acute inflammation and infection of the alveoli which fill with pus and products of inflammation
    pneumonia
  96. presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity causing the lung to collapse
    pneumothorax
  97. radioactive substance is injected into a patient and the images reveal the metabolic activity in the lung for diagnosis of malignant tumors
    positron emission tomography
  98. pertaining to the lungs
    pulmonary
  99. collection of pus in the lungs
    pulmonary abscess
  100. x-ray recording of lung blood vessels after injecting contrast into the pulmonary artery
    pulmonary angiography
  101. collection fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles of the lungs
    pulmonary edema
  102. clot of material from a distant vein that blocks a blood vessel in the lung
    pulmonary embolism
  103. formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lung
    pulmonary fibrosis
  104. tests that measure the ventilation mechanies of the lung
    pulmonary function test
  105. area of dead tissue in the lung
    pulmonary infarction
  106. essential parts of the lung responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli
    pulmonary parenchyma
  107. pus filled
    purulent
  108. pus collection in the pleural cavity
    pyothroax
  109. abnormal fine crackling sound heard on auscultation when there is fluid in the alveoli
    rale
  110. exchange of gases at the lung capillaries and at the tissue capillaries
    respiration
  111. a condition in which lung expansion is limited by diseases that affect the chest wall, pleura or lung tissue itself, examples are pulmonary fibrosis radition damage, and pneumoconiosis
    restrictive lung disease
  112. surgical repair of the nose
    rhinoplasty
  113. discharge of mucus from the nose
    rhinorrhea
  114. loud rumbling sound heard on auscultation of bronchi that are obstructed by sputum
    rhonchus
  115. chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause in which small nodules or tubercles develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs
    sarcoidosis
  116. silica glass dust collects in the lungs, a type of pneumoconiosis
    silicosis
  117. inflammation of paranasal sinuses
    sinusitis
  118. an instrument to measure breathing
    spirometer
  119. material expelled from the chest by coughing or by clearing the throat; phlegm
    sputum
  120. sputum is collected and placed in a growth medium to analyze the type of microorganisms that may be present
    sputum culture
  121. strained, high pitched noisy breathing associated with obstruction of the larynx or trachea
    stridor
  122. surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
    thoracentesis
  123. pertaining to chest
    thoracic
  124. endoscopic visualization of the chest
    thracoscopy
  125. incision of the chest
    thoracotomy
  126. removal of tonsils
    tonsillectomy
  127. windpipe
    trachea
  128. narrowing of the trachea
    tracheal stenosis
  129. new opening of the trachea to the outside of the body
    tracheostomy
  130. incision of the trachea
    tracheotomy
  131. chest tube is passed through an opening in the skin of the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion
    tube thoracostomy
  132. determines past or present exposure to tuberculosis based on a positive skin test
    tuberculin test
  133. infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis.lungs are usually involved but other organs maybe affected
    tuberculosis
  134. a detection device records radioactivity after an injection of a radisotope of inhalation of small amount of radioactive gass
    ventilation perfusion scan
  135. innermost membrane of the pleura lying closest to the lung tissue itself
    visceral pleura
  136. continuous high pitched whistling sound heard when air is forced through a narrow space during inspiration or expiration
    wheeze

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview