Chapter 13

Card Set Information

Author:
rmoran
ID:
76875
Filename:
Chapter 13
Updated:
2011-04-02 23:46:43
Tags:
Chapter
Folders:

Description:
Chapter 13
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user rmoran on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. malignant, immature lymphocytes multiply in the blood, bone marrow and lymphatic system
    acute lymphocytic leukemia
  2. malignant, immature granulocytes called myeloblasts multiply in the bone marrow and blood stream
    acute myelogenous
  3. protein found in blood
    albumin
  4. ineqality in the size of red blood cells
    anisocytosis
  5. protein made by white blood cells in response to foreign substances in the blood
    antibody
  6. substance that prevent blood clotting
    anticoagulant
  7. foreign agent that stimulates the production of an antibody
    antigen
  8. test for the presence of antibodies that coat and damage erythrocytes; coombs test
    antiglobulin
  9. withdrawal and separation of blood elements
    apheresis
  10. failure of blood cell production due to aplasia of bone marrow cells
    aplastic anemia
  11. removal and then reinfusion of patients own blood or blood components
    autologous transfusion
  12. white blood cell, containg dark granules that stain white a basic dye
    basophil
  13. orange- yellow pigment found in bile, it is released from the breakdown of hemoglobin when red blood cells die
    bilirubin
  14. time required for blood to stop flowing from a tiny puncture wound
    bleeding time
  15. blood cells or whole blood from a closely match donor are infused into a patient
    blood transfusion
  16. needle aspiration of a small amount of bone marrow followed by examination under a microscope
    bone marrow biopsy
  17. malignant but relatively mature lymphocytes, multiple in bone marrow, lymph nodes and spleen
    chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  18. malignant, but relatively mature granulocytic leukocytes multiple in the bloodstream
    chronic myelogeneous leukemia
  19. process of blood clotting
    coagulation
  20. time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube
    coagulation time
  21. disease of blood clotting
    coagulopathy
  22. protein that stimulates the growth and proliferation of white blood cells
    colony stimulating factor
  23. determination of the number of red and white blood cells, platelets, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red cell indices, in a sample of blood
    complete blood count
  24. study of cells
    cytology
  25. specialization of cells from immature to mature forms
    differentiation
  26. blood disease
    dyscrasia
  27. large blue or purplish patches on the skin
    ecchymoses
  28. technique used to separate serum proteins by electrical charge
    electrophoresis
  29. white blood cell whose granules stain intensely with an acidic eosin dye; elevated in allergic reaction
    eosinophil
  30. increased in numbers of eosinophils in the blood stream
    eosinophilia
  31. immature, developing red blood cell
    erythroblast
  32. measurement of the speed at which erythrocytes settle or fall to the bottom of a test tube
    erythrocytes sedimentation rate
  33. deficincy of red blood cells
    erythrocytopenia
  34. formation of red blood cells
    erythropoiesis
  35. substance produced by the kidney to stimulate bone marrow to produce erythrocytes
    erythropoietin
  36. protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot
    fibrin
  37. plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process
    fibrinogen
  38. major blood proteins; immunoglobulins, alpha, beta and gamma globulins are examples
    globulins
  39. white blood cell with numerous dark staining granules; neutrophil, eosinophil, and basophil
    granulocyte
  40. deficiency of granulocytes
    granulocytopenia
  41. increased numbers of granulocytes in the blood
    granulocytosis
  42. percentage of red blood cells in a given volume of blood
    hematocrit
  43. formation of blood cells
    hematopoiesis
  44. peripheral stem cells from a compatible donor are administered into the vein of a recipient
    hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  45. excessive deposites of iron throughout the body
    hemochromatosis
  46. blood protein containing iron; carries oxygen in red blood cells
    hemoglobin
  47. total amount of hemoglobin in a smaple of blood
    hemoglobin test
  48. disease or defect of hemoglobin production. sickle cell anemia is an example
    hemoglobinopathy
  49. destruction or breakdown of blood; specificially red blood cells
    hemolysis
  50. reduction in erythrocytes due to excess destruction of red blood cell
    hemolytic anemia
  51. hereditary disease of blood clotting failure with abnormal bleeding. affected individuals are lacking a blood clotting factor
    hemophilia
  52. stoppage of bleeding or circulation of blood
    hemostasis
  53. anticoagulant found in blood and tissues
    heparin
  54. pertaining to deficiency in color, decrease in hemoglobin in red blood cells
    hypochromic
  55. response of the immune system to foreign invasion
    immune system
  56. containing protein in the blood lgA, lgM, lgD, lgE
    immunoglobulin antibody
  57. substance normally found in gastric juice that helps absorption of vitamin B12 into the bloodstream
    intrinsic factor
  58. mechanical separation of white blood cells from the rest of the blood
    leukapheresis
  59. white blood cell
    leukocyte
  60. deficiency of white blood cells
    leukocytopenia
  61. white blood cell with a single nucleus, capable of producing antibodies
    lymphocyte
  62. presence of large red blood cells in the blood
    macrocytosis
  63. large phagocytic cell migrating from the blood into tissues
    macrophage
  64. large, giant cell with a big nucleus; platelet precursor found in the bone marrow
    megakaryocyte
  65. increased numbers of small than normal red blood cells
    microcytosis
  66. immature monocytes
    monoblast
  67. white blood cell, with on large nucleus; enters tissues as macrophages
    monocyte
  68. pertaining to a white blood cell with a single, round nucleus, monocyte or lymphocyte
    mononuclear
  69. infectious disease marked by increased numbers of leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes
    mononucleosis
  70. study of the shapes of cells; particularly red blood cells
    morphology
  71. malignant tumor of bone marrow; overproduction of immunglobulins and destruction of bone tissue
    multiple myeloma
  72. immature granulocytic whire blood cell; a cell normally only found in the bone marrow
    myeloblasts
  73. pertaining to cells produced in the bone marrow
    myelogenous
  74. derived from bone marrow
    myeloid
  75. formation and development of bone marrow or cells that originate from it
    myelopoiesis
  76. deficiency of neutrophils
    neutropenia
  77. white blood cell with dark granules that stain with neutral dye; phagocyte formed in the bone marrow and the bodies first line of defense against disease
    neutrophil
  78. increased numbers of neutrophils
    neutrophilia
  79. relieving, but not curing illness
    palliative
  80. deficiency of all blood cells
    pancytopenia
  81. measurement of presence of plasma factors that act in a portion of the coagulation pathway
    partial thromboplastin time
  82. lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body
    pernicious anemia
  83. small pin point hemorrhages caused by bleeding under the skin
    petechiae
  84. cell that engulfs another cell of foreign organisms and destroys it
    phagocyte
  85. liquid portion of blood containing proteins, water, salts, nutrients, hormones and vitamins
    plasma
  86. removal of plasma from withdrawn blood by centrifuge
    plasmapheresis
  87. clotting cell or thrombocytes
    platelet
  88. number of platelets per cubic milimeter or microliter of blood
    platelet count
  89. seperation of platelets from the rest of the blood
    plateletpheresis
  90. variation in the shape of red blood cells
    poikilocytosis
  91. increase in numbers of red blood cells
    polycythemia vera
  92. pertaining to a multi- lobed nucleus
    polymorphonuclear
  93. plasma protein converted to thrombin in the clotting process
    prothombin
  94. test of the ability of blood to clot
    prothombin time
  95. multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin caused by deficiency of blotting cells
    purapura
  96. number of erythrocytes per-cubic millimeter or microliter of blood
    red blood cell count
  97. microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of individual red blood cells
    Red blood cell morphology
  98. return of symptoms of disease
    relapse
  99. disappearance of symptoms of disease
    remission
  100. immature erythrocyte with a network of strands
    reticulocyte
  101. antigen on red blood cells of Rh positive individuals
    Rh factor
  102. plasma minus clotting proteins and clotting cells
    serum
  103. hereditary conditon marked by abnormal sickle shape of erythrocytes and by hemolysis
    sickle cell anemia
  104. deficiency of iron in the blood
    sideropenia
  105. increase in numbers of sphere-shaped red blood cells, as in the type of anemia
    spherocytosis
  106. unspecialized cell that gives rise to all forms of specialized cells in the body
    stem cell
  107. inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin, usually seen in the persons of mediterranean background
    thalassemia
  108. enzyme necessary for blood clotting
    thrombin
  109. platelet; clotting cell
    thrombocyte
  110. deficiency of clotting cells
    thrombocytopenia
  111. treatment with drugs to breakdown clots that may abnormally form in blood vessels
    thrombolytic therapy
  112. condition of clot formation
    thrombosis
  113. numberof leukocytes per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood
    white blood cell count
  114. percentage of the total white blood cell count made up by different types of leukocytes
    white blood cell differential

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview