Card Set Information
One of two bony prominences near the head of the femur
Six skeletal system functions
4. Blood formation
5. Mineral storage and balance
Fatty, blood-forming tissue in the cavities of long bones
7 factors that affect bone growth
4. Mineral Deposition
5. Mineral Resorption
3 forms of protection provided by the skeletal system
1. The skull protects the brain
2. The vertbral column protects your spinal cord
3. The rib cage protects your heart and lungs
4 components of the skeletal system
A term that refers to the same disease process as rickets
Forcible separation or tearing away from the bone
Cells that produce the matrix of new bone tissue are called
What determines the classification of bones?
What is the name of the bone that articulates with the tibia to form the ankle joint?
What is the location of the popliteal fossa?
In the hollow of the back of the knee
Joints that have sutures between the bones occur in what part of the body?
Medical term for the thigh bone?
Incomplete dislocation when some contact between joint surfaces remains
What is the larger bone of the lower leg and correct spelling
Large, smooth, rounded expansion of the end of a bone to form a joint with another bone
Cartilaginous joints exist at the end of what kinds of bones?
Where is the acetabulum located?
At the hip joint
To repair a fracture of the bone back into alignment by pulling on the distal end
When a fragment of a fractured bone breaks the skin, or when a wound extends to the site of the fracture
In a greenstick fracture what has occured to the bone?
There is a partial fracture, one side breaks the other bends
4 steps of the healing process
1. blood vessels bleed into the fracture forming a hematoma
2. Osteoblasts move into the hematoma and start to produce new bone called a callus
3. Osteoblasts produce immature lacy cancellous bone that replaces the callus
4. Osteoblasts continue to produce bone cells. They are compact bone and fuse the bone segments together
Medical term for collarbone
Where is he acromion located?
The lateral end of the scapula
In general the blood supply to bones is
via blood vessels that travel through canals
What type of fracture occurs when the bone is broken but the skin is not?
A term that refers to the fluid in the joints of the arms and legs
What is the name of the joint that connects the condyle of the mandible to a fossa in the temporal bone at the base of the skull
What is the opposite of hypertopthy
How many bones make up the vertebral column?
What is the abbreviation for drugs such as ibuprofen?
What is the difference between a muscle strain and a muscle sprain?
A strain results from the buildup of lactic acid in muscles
A sprain it the strech or tear of a ligament
What is a condition that is characterized by the varying degrees of weakness of he skeletal muscles and is considered to be a chronic, autoimmune disease?
How many bones are in the human skull?
In the term syndesmosis what dose the suffix mean?
5 functions of the skeletal muscle system
3. Body heat
True statements of skeletal fibers
Narrow and long, Up to 1 1/2 inches in length, Each muscle fiber has a thin layer of connective tissue around it, *Bundles of fibers are grouped together into fascicles*
How is the body positioned when it is prone?
Lying on the fround face down
In the word atrophy what dose the prefix mean and what does the suffix mean?
a - without
An abnormal spinal curvature
The term fascia comes from a latin word that means
Condition caused by the breakdown and eventual destruction of cartilage in a joint
4 muscles used to chew food
3. Medial Pterygoid
4. Lateral Pterygoid
What part of the skull is formed by the parietal bones?
The bulging sides and the roof of the cranium
4 common disorder of the shoulder
1. Rotator cuff tears
2. Shoulder separation
3. Shoulder dislocation
4. Shoulder subluxation
Where are the zygomatic bones located?
The cheeks, below the eyes
4 functions of the pelvic girdle
1. Supports the axial skeleton
2. transmits the body's weight through to the lower limbs
3. Provides attachments for the lower limbs
4. Protects the internal reproductive organs
Where do the muscles that support the hip joint and move the thigh orginate?
On the femur
What is the muscle found on the back of the arm?
The most frequent cause of flexor tendon injuries of the hand is
What is the most commonly injured ligament in the knee and what is the caue?
The anterior cruciate ligament
The cause is hyperflexoin
What is the role of the patella
Increase the strength of extension of the knee joint
Where is the radius located?
In the forearm on the thumb side
In the word fibromyalgia what dose the suffix mean?
-algia = pain
Carpal tunnel syndrome develops as a result of inflammation and swelling of
What 4 organs are protected by the axial skeleton?
2. Spinal cord
What is the term for intercellular substance that hold tissue together?
What condition develops on the front of the wrist as a result of inflammation and swelling of the tendon sheaths arising from overuse or repetitive movements?
Compression of the median nerve between the carpal bones and the retinaculum