Psychology 101 Chpt 11.txt

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Psychology 101 Chpt 11.txt
2009-11-04 20:21:11
Psychology 101

Chapter 11
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  1. stress
    the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging.
  2. general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
    Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages-alarm, resistance, exhaustion.
  3. health psychology
    a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine.
  4. coronary heart disease
    the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries.
  5. Type A
    a Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger prone people.
  6. Type B
    Friedman and Rosenman's term or easy-going, relaxed people.
  7. psychophysiological illness
    literally, "mind-body"illness, any stressed related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches.
  8. lymphocytes
    the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system: B lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections: T lymphocytes form in the thymus and, among other duties, attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances.
  9. aerobic exercise
    sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety.
  10. biofeedback
    a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension.
  11. complementary and alternative medicine
    medicine unproven health care treatments not taught widely in medical schools, not used in hospitals, and not usually reimbursed by insurance companies.