MA 202 Intro Phlebotomy

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Author:
Shutrbug20
ID:
76961
Filename:
MA 202 Intro Phlebotomy
Updated:
2011-04-03 13:53:49
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Health Care Structure
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Description:
Chapter 1 Unit 2
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  1. Fiscal Services
    • Admissions, Records
    • Billing, Accounting
    • Other Finances
  2. Support Services
    • Cleaning, Maintenance
    • Security, Food
    • Purchasing and Human Resources
  3. Nursing Services
    Direct care to patient
  4. Professional Services
    Aid in diagnosis and treatment of patient
  5. List Professional Services (8)
    • Physical, Occupational, Respiratory Therapy
    • Radiology, Nuclear Med, Radiation Therapy
    • Pharmacy, Clinical Lab
  6. Clinical Laboratory
    Where Phlebotomist works
  7. Clinical Lab Supervisor
    Pathologist
  8. Pathologist
    Studies tissues and fluids in lab
  9. Clinical Lab Scientist
    BS Degree
  10. Medical Technologist
    BS Degree
  11. Clinical Lab Technician
    AS Degree
  12. Medical Lab Technician
    AS Degree
  13. Cytology
    Study of cells
  14. Histology
    • Prepares tissues for microscope exam by pathologist
    • Study of tissues
  15. Cytogenetics
    Examines chromosomes for genetic diseases
  16. Clinical Lab Departments (Clinical Lab Departments)
    • Hematology
    • Coagulation & Hemostasis
    • Chemistry
    • Specimen Collection for Chemistry
    • Microbiology
    • Urinalysis & Clinical Microscopy
    • Serology / Immunology
    • Blood Bank / Immunohematology
    • Molecular Diagnosis
    • Referrals
  17. Hematology (Clinical Lab Departments)
    • Analyzes blood for disease RBC, WBC, Platelets, and clotting ability
    • Most common test CBC
    • CBC tests for anemia, leukemia, infections (anything affects # of blood cells)
    • Cytometry tests for HIV/AIDS (CD4/8 ratios)

  18. Coagulation & Hemostasis (Clinical Lab Departments)
    • Coagulation tests performed on Plasma
    • Coag - depends on clotting factors and platelets
    • Hemo - process by which body stops blood leaking out wound
  19. Chemistry (wide range of tests) (Clinical Lab Departments)
    • Electrophoresis - separates chemical components of blood based on electrical charge
    • Toxicology - analyzes plasma for drugs / poisons
    • Immunochemistry - uses antibodies in tests
  20. Specimen Collection for Chemistry (serum / plasma) (Clinical Lab Departments)
    • Icteric Serum - dark yellow = too much bilirubin (liver disease)
    • Lipemic Serum - cloudy = recent ingestion of fats / lipids
    • Hemolized Serum - pink = breakage of RBC
  21. Microbiology (Clinical Lab Departments)
    • Isolates / identifies pathogenic microorganisms
    • Responsible for infection control in facility
    • Most common test C&S
  22. Urinalysis & Clinical Microscopy (Clinical Lab Departments)
    Assesses kidney disease and metabolic dissorders (Paper test strips)

  23. Serology / Immunology (Clinical Lab Departments)
    Detects antibodies in serum (infection)
  24. Blood Bank / Immunohematology (Clinical Lab Departments)
    • Transfusions, blood type, compatability testing
    • Can be fatal if test done incorectly
    • Autologous - donate own blood for future use
  25. Molecular Diagnosis (Clinical Lab Departments)
    • Diagnose genetic disorders
    • Forensic evidence
    • Track disease
    • Identify microbiologic pathogens
    • Analyze DNA
  26. Referrals (Clinical Lab Departments)
    Handles and ships specimens for all tests not in local lab
  27. CLIA '88
    Mandated all regulations for all facilities that perform patient testing

  28. CLSI
    • Sets standards and guidelines
    • Awards accreditation
  29. Accreditation
    Grants reimbursment of Medicare / Medicaid
  30. JCAHO
    Inspects facilities every 2 years for compliance of standards

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