thiamine.txt

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Author:
papeirce
ID:
76980
Filename:
thiamine.txt
Updated:
2011-04-03 13:54:20
Tags:
paramedic medications drugs prehospital thiamine vitamin b1
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Description:
Prehospital Medication Flashcards for Paramedic School - Massachusetts and Rhode Island
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  1. Thiamine

    Trade Name
    Vitamin B1
  2. Thiamine

    Class
    Vitamin (B1)
  3. Thiamine

    Mechanism of Action
    • Combines with ATP to form thiamine pyrophosphate coenzyme, a necessary component for carbohydrate metabolism
    • The brain is extremely sensitive to thiamine deficiency
  4. Thiamine

    Indications
    • Coma of unknown origin
    • Delirium tremens
    • Beriberi
    • Wernicke's encephalopathy
  5. Thiamine

    Contraindications
    None
  6. Thiamine

    Adverse Reactions
    • Hypotension from too rapid injection or too high a dose
    • Anxiety
    • Diaphoresis
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Rare allergic reaction
  7. Thiamine

    Drug Interactions
    Give thiamine before glucose under all circumstances (?)
  8. Thiamine

    How Supplied
    • 1,000 mg in 10 ml vial (100 mg / ml)
    • 100 mg in 1 ml vial (100 mg / ml )
  9. Thiamine

    Dosage and Administration
    Adult
    100 slow IV or IM
  10. Thiamine

    Dosage and Administration
    Pediatric
    10-25 mg slow IV or IM
  11. Thiamine

    Duration of Action
    • Onset: Rapid
    • Peak effects: variable
    • Duration: Dependent upon degree of deficiency
  12. Thiamine

    Special Considerations
    • Pregnancy safety: Category A
    • Large IV doses may cause respiratory difficulties
    • Anaphylaxis reactions reported

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