MA 202 Intro Phlebotomy

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Author:
Shutrbug20
ID:
76994
Filename:
MA 202 Intro Phlebotomy
Updated:
2011-04-03 14:42:25
Tags:
Infection Control
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Description:
Chapter 1 Unit 4
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  1. Infection
    An invasion / growth of microorganisms in human body that cause disease
  2. Pathogens
    • Disease causing microorganisms
    • Viruses, bacteria, fungi, protists, helminths, & prions
  3. Nosocomial
    • Health care associated infection
    • Infections contracted by patients during hospital stay
    • Common - hospital personel failure infection control (hand washing)
  4. Chain of Infection
    3 Primary Elements
    • Source, means of transmision, susceptible host
    • Also have -
    • Portal of exit (leaves source)
    • Portal of entry (gets in host)
  5. Fomite
    Contaminated object
  6. Reservoir
    Carry infection and transmit without being sick
  7. Means of Transmition (5)
    • Contact Direct / Indirect
    • Droplet
    • Airborne
    • Vector
    • Common Vehicle
  8. #1 Break Chain of Infection
    Wash hands
  9. Standard Precautions
    • Infection control using barriers
    • Hand hygiene, PPE, Isolation
    • All fluids infectious

  10. Hand Washing
    • Wet hands, apply soap, scrub vigorously
    • Rinse hands downward, dry hands thoroughly
    • Turn off faucet with new dry paper towel
  11. Donning PPE
    • Gown
    • Mask
    • Goggle / Shield
    • Gloves over gown cuffs
  12. Remove PPE
    • Gloves
    • Goggles / Shield
    • Gown
    • Mask outside room
    • Hand Hygiene
  13. Blood Borne Pathogen Standard
    • Employer must have written plan
    • Must provide PPE
    • All body fluids infectious
    • Must provide Hep B vaccination free
    • Free medical followups for accidental exposure
    • Provide education and safety training
    • HIV /HBV training
    • Biohazards identified
    • Written cleaning schedule
    • Maintain records of occupational exposure and training sessions
  14. Isolation
    Separation of infection source from susceptible host (break chain of infection)
  15. TB Isolation
    • Requires negative pressure air (air flows in not out)
    • Air exits outside or recirculated through HEPA filter
  16. Positive Air Pressure
    Air flows out not in
  17. Isolation Precautions
    • Only take in what you need
    • Only specimen comes out in bio container
  18. Isolation Tier 1
    Normal everyday precautions
  19. Isolation Tier 2
    • Expanded precautions
    • Highly transmissionable pathogens / skin transferable
    • Airborne - measles, vericella, TB (respirator)
    • Droplet - meningitis, pneumonia, sepsis, pertussis (mask)
    • Contact - diphtheria, herpes, conjunctivitis, (gloves, gown)
  20. Blood Borne
    • Infection carried in blood / body fluids / tissues
    • Hep B stable up to 7 days in dry blood
  21. Blood Borne Pathogens
    • Hep B, C, D
    • HIV
    • HTLV
    • Syphilis
    • Maleria
    • Babesiosis
    • Co. Tick Fever
  22. Blood Borne Labels
    • All blood and fluids labeled with bio label
    • Medical waste in bio red bag
    • Sharps in shaps containers
  23. Lab Coat
    • Considered contaminated
    • Dont leave lab
  24. Atherosclerosis
    Artery clog, blocked
  25. Arteriosclerosis
    Artery hardening

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